Research for Development and Justice

Poverty Dynamics

clustering, industrialization, finance, microenterprises, Ethiopia

Countries and regions:

Clustering as an Organizational Response to Capital Market Inefficiency:Evidence from Handloom Enterprises in Ethiopia

Merima Ali, Jack Peerlings and Xiaobo Zhang (2010)

IFPRI (Disussion Paper no. 01045)



Using data from microenterprises of the handloom sector in four regions of Ethiopia, the paper shows that clustering, through specialization and division of labor, can lower entry barriers by reducing the initial capital required to start a business. This effect is found to be significantly larger for microenterprises investing in districts with higher levels of capital market inefficiency, indicating the importance of clustering as an organizational response to a constrained credit environment. The findings highlight the importance of cluster-based industrial activities as an alternative method of propagating industrialization when local conditions do not allow easy access to credit.

Publications with same geographic focus:

Book Chapter

When Per Diems Take Over: Training and Travel as Extra Pay

Ingvild Aagedal Skage, Tina Søreide, Arne Tostensen (2014) in Tina Søreide, Aled Williams: Corruption, Grabbing and Development: Real World Challenges. Cheltenham and Northamption (MA): Edward Elgar Publishing

Journal Article (Peer-Reviewed)

Health inequalities in Ethiopia: modeling inequalities in length of life within and between population groups

Eirik Joakim Tranvåg, Merima Ali and Ole Frithjof Norheim (2013) in International Journal for Equity in Health vol. 10.1186/1475-9276-12

Publications within same theme:

Book Chapter

Resource curse

Ivar Kolstad (forthcoming) in Vodosek, M. and Hartog, D. v. (eds.): Wiley Encyclopedia of Management, 3rd edition, Volume 6 International Management. West Sussex: John Wiley & Sons

Journal Article (Peer-Reviewed)

Poverty Dynamics in Rural Orissa: Transitions in Assets and Occupations over Generations

Magnus Hatlebakk (2014) in Journal of Development Studies

Publications with similar keywords:

Journal Article (Peer-Reviewed)

Farm households and nonfarm activities in Ethiopia: Does clustering influence entry and exit?

Merima Ali and Jack Peerlings (2012) in Agricultural Economics vol. 43 no. 3 pp. 253-266

CMI Report

Government's role in cluster development for MSEs: Lessons from Ethiopia

Merima Ali (2012) Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2012:2) 24 p.

Journal Article (Peer-Reviewed)

ValueAdded of ClusterMembership for MicroEnterprises of the HandloomSector in Ethiopia

Merima Ali and Jack Peerlings (2011) in World Development vol. 39 no. 3 pp. 363-374


Merima Ali

Economist focusing micro-economic analysis of small-scale industries, informal networks, Taxation Quality of health care and health systems.

By the same author:

CMI (Chr. Michelsen Institute)
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