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Ending child marriages: Not only a question of law

4 May 2016 | CMI Field Notes
The new Marriage Act in Malawi has been hailed for raising the legally prescribed age of marriage to 18, yet the truth is that there is no absolute minimum age of marriage in Malawi and that legal inconsistencies threaten the enforcement of the law.

Announcement of the Chr. Michelsen Prize 2016

15 Mar 2016
The Chr. Michelsen Prize for outstanding development research 2016 is awarded to Francesca R. Jensenius, Senior Research Fellow at the Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI).

The best way to tax natural resources

24 Nov 2015
-A 'good' natural resource tax regime is one that does not undermine - or strangle - the development of the ordinary tax system, says CMI researcher Odd-Helge Fjeldstad. Different segments of the tax system 'interfere' with each other. If the most resourceful companies and individuals do not contribute with tax revenue due to tax avoidance and exemptions, this will affect the taxpaying behaviour of others.

Education fees in Nepal give households a hard time

7 Oct 2015
During my fieldwork in Ilam district, Eastern Nepal, I had the chance to visit many different homes, and to experience parts of the everyday life of Nepali families. So far, in every single stay, I was impressed by the children’s motivation for doing homework until late in the evening, and their great ability to speak English. One of them, a 4,5-years old was copying mathematical rules and letters several times, “just for fun, as he is doing it every evening”, as his older brother told me.

Five things you need to know about the SDGs

25 Sep 2015
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) have been criticised for being too broad and vague. What are the chances of success?

Bergen Exchanges on Law and Social Transformation

17 Aug 2015
Welcome to a week of deliberation on effects of law and legal mobilization in Bergen, Norway 17-21 August 2015!

The balancing act of moderate Islamist politics in Tunisia

12 May 2015 | CMI Field Notes
Discussions over the role Islam should play in public life, are raging in Tunisia. A veiled Tunisair flight attendant caused uproar in the Tunisian Parliament recently, writes researcher Mari Norbakk from fieldwork in Tunis.

Educating Afghan children: Blinded by numbers

8 May 2015
Access to education has been one of the main priorities for Afghan authorities and the international community for the past 14 years, but despite formidable investments in the country’s educational sector, many Afghan children leave school without being able to read or write. What has gone wrong?

The dubious effects of economic growth

22 Dec 2014
Ethiopian women are flocking to the labour market making money of their own. Does this mean that there will be more gender equality? With a grant from the Research Council of Norway's scheme for Young Talented Researchers, CMI’s Lovise Aalen will lead a new project studying the impact of economic growth on the lives of women in developmental states.

Legislating Marriages: Family Law Reform and Democratization in Africa and Asia

13 Nov 2014
Women''s rights and obligations within marriage are one of the key components of family law and is a highly sensitive political area of intervention across the globe both historically and presently. Despite massive pressures from feminist movements across the world, family law has been surprisingly stubborn to change. This workshop examines the relationship between family law reform and political transitions.

Girls need career possibilities

28 Aug 2014
Family planning policies have been implemented around the world for decades, but with limited results. This is also the case in Tanzania where school dropout is a big problem and the majority of girls get pregnant by the age of 20. What are they doing wrong?

Striving for change

30 Jun 2014
Reem Abbas is impatient. -We are always told that we have to wait. Building the nation needs to come first, women´s rights come second. The young generation of activists is tired of being told to wait, she says.

Out of poverty with inclusive policy

17 Jun 2014
Nepal consists of more than 100 different castes and ethnic groups. A recent social inclusion survey reveals deep social exclusion, discrimination and immense differences between the different groups. Will Nepal succeed in lifting the poorest castes and ethnic groups in the country out of poverty using inclusive policies?

Women's and children's rights and health

5 Jun 2014 | Open lecture
Rethinking gender equality and sustainable economic development.

Rebuilding Somalia's Failed State: Alternative scenarios

8 May 2014
Is Somalia a failed state? Where can Somalia go from here and how can the country be rebuild?

Promoting human rights in ever changing contexts

31 Mar 2014
Uganda's new anti-homosexuality law has disheartened the international human rights community. Would it have been possible to foresee Museveni's approval of the law? In an ideal world, actors promoting human rights can design projects and interventions and see them through with norms and laws in mind. In the real world, where politics and erratic decisions come into play, human rights work is extremely challenging.

Rettferd og økonomi

6 Feb 2014
Kva er rettferdig fordeling, og kvifor er det viktig? Kan ein måle økonomisk rettferd?

To pay or not to pay

28 Jan 2014
Taxpayer compliance in Sub-Saharan Africa is closely linked to peoples' views of the government's ability to deliver on important services, the fairness of the system, and consequences of tax evasion shows findings from the recent Afrobarometer survey.

New projects to CMI

28 Nov 2013
CMI has won a framework agreement with the Norwegian embassy in Tanzania to conduct 7-10 in-depth studies on aid, public finance, natural resources, land and agriculture, macroeconomics the next 4 years.

Can Ghana withstand the resource curse?

26 Nov 2013
Ghana discovered oil in 2010. The country now produces 100 000 barrels a day, amounting to an income of 1 billion dollars a year. Are the country's institutions strong enough to withstand the resource curse? -Yes, says Inge Amundsen, senior researcher at the Chr. Michelsen Institute.

Four new projects for CMI

5 Nov 2013
CMI has got funding for four new research projects from the Research Council of Norway. The projects are all part of the NORGLOBAL programme.

Organizing their way to gender equality

25 Oct 2013
Ugandan women have organized themselves to the core of national politics. What lessons are there to learn from the Ugandan experience?

The military chooses the people

27 Jun 2013 | Egypt crisis
The Egyptian military has a long history of safeguarding the Egyptian people from oppressive regimes. As the Morsi-government fails to curb the economic decline and growing unemployment, the Egyptian people once again turn their attention to the military in hope of rescue.

Dodging the health problems of the poor

30 May 2013
Less than 10 percent of money spent on health research is spent on diseases that primarily affect 90 percent of the world's population, including the poorest. Are even the meager 10 percent spent wisely? No, says Professor David Sanders and argues that a fear of stepping into the realm of politics makes global health actors and donors prioritise wrongly.

Overheating in the Kimberley: Theory and a case study

7 May 2013
Open lecture with Professor Thomas Hylland Eriksen (UiO) on the effects of an interconnected "overheated" world.

New Director of the CMI Board

22 Mar 2013
We need to understand the mechanisms that contribute to sustainable development and improvements in the life of people, says professor Lars G. Svåsand.

Women's battles outside the Western feminist tradition

22 Mar 2013
The late Hugo Chavez proclaimed himself a feminist and opened up new arenas for women's activism in Venezuela. Poor women challenged their traditional roles as mothers and wives and took a collective step into the public sphere. Yet, their struggle is not so much about women's liberation from a Western feminist perspective as it is a fight for alleviating poverty and opening up new spaces for women's political participation.

Women in the market: Equal opportunities?

28 Nov 2012
A field experiment from Tanzania shows that business training improves sales and profit figures for men, but has no effect for women's business performance. -Promoting development among female entrepreneurs is challenging and needs comprehensive measures. We need to pay more attention to the external constraints that limit their possibilities, says Bertil Tungodden.

Women make revolutions not tea

14 Oct 2012 | Liv Tønnessen blogs from Sudan:
For the first time in Sudanese history, 25% of the parliamentarians in the Assembly are women.

The polarisation to come

14 Aug 2012 | Angola Election 2012
On 31st of August voters in Angola will elect a new parliament and a president. It is already clear that the dice are loaded. Despite the low quality of the elections and the machinations of the incumbent - is Angola on the path to democracy?

Women's representation in African Parliaments: Empowering women?

29 Jun 2012
Electoral gender quotas have changed the representation of women in politics. Africa is pioneering. Rwanda is currently the only country in the world with more women than men in the national parliament.

Tax builds countries: A window of opportunity for Angola

14 Jun 2012 | Odd-Helge Fjeldstad's tax blog:
There is political will to strengthen the tax system in Angola. If properly designed and implemented, the new tax system can improve the efficiency and responsiveness of the public sector. One of the main challenges, however, will be to convince the citizens of Angola about the value of paying taxes. This will require not only reforms, but a major cultural shift.

Democratic Imperatives

8 Jun 2012
A new report documents measures that can make government and politics more responsive, more accountable and more transparent and enable citizens to take a greater role in governing themselves.

Migration into resource-rich Gulf economies

3 May 2012 | Seminar
Halvor Mehlum and Gry Østenstad on the political economy of migration policies.

Defining poverty from below

27 Feb 2012
A social class of ultra poor is becoming increasingly visible in Mozambique. Neither national authorities nor international donors are able to target them with their current poverty reduction policies.

Contesting women's rights in Sudan

30 Nov 2011
The Sudanese government rejects ratification of CEDAW, the UN Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women. They do this in the name of Islam.

Voluntary return to Iraq is a last resort

14 Nov 2011
1470 Iraqi asylum seekers have returned to Iraq through IRRINI, a Norwegian programme for voluntary return. The majority of the returnees are content with the programme, concludes an evaluation, but they do not see the return as voluntary. IRRINI is the last resort for a dignified return.

Does democracy travel well? The role of donors in exporting democratic governance to sub-Saharan Africa

13 Oct 2011 | Seminar
The international donor community has been trying to promote democratic systems of governance in developing countries. Is progress being made?

Low motivation gives poor quality health care

23 Sep 2011 | Doctoral dissertation defence
Low health worker performance is a key obstacle to achieving the health-related Millennium Development Goals. While a lack of knowledge, equipment and medicine have been seen as the major challenges, a recent study pinpoints poorly motivated health workers as an important contributing factor to low quality health care in low-income settings.

Gen Salva Kiir Mayardit public address

13 Oct 2010 | Public speech
Read the public address of Gen Salva Kiir Mayardit on his return from the official visit to the United States of America.

Actors, power and mobilisation in southern Ethiopia under ethnic federalism

3 Apr 2008 | Politics of Ethnicity:
Cand. polit Lovise Aalen defended her PhD dissertation at the University of Oslo Friday 4 April. In her dissertation Aalen studies the national political framework of ethnic based federalism. She argues that ethnic political mobilisation must be understood as an outcome of both inter-ethnic and intra-ethnic relations.

Edging closer to the Soviet Trap

20 Feb 2008 | What next for Afghanistan?
"The weakening resolve" in Afghanistan, argues Astri Suhrke, reflects growing European concern that the strategy staked out by Washington may be neither realistic nor desirable.

American constitutional democracies

12 May 2005
In his new book, senior researcher Roberto Gargarella argues that many of the problems currently attributed to modern constitutional democracies, are not unfortunate "distortions" of a properly organized institutional design, but rather foreseeable effects of that framework.