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Reality defeats good intentions: The power of religious leaders in Touba

27 Nov 2015
Legislation is a widely used tool for increasing the number of women in politics. But laws seeking to promote gender parity come short in facing the ‘sociological realities’ in Senegal, as the case of the holy city of Touba shows.

Education fees in Nepal give households a hard time

7 Oct 2015
During my fieldwork in Ilam district, Eastern Nepal, I had the chance to visit many different homes, and to experience parts of the everyday life of Nepali families. So far, in every single stay, I was impressed by the children’s motivation for doing homework until late in the evening, and their great ability to speak English. One of them, a 4,5-years old was copying mathematical rules and letters several times, “just for fun, as he is doing it every evening”, as his older brother told me.

Kindergardens and shootouts

6 Jul 2015 | Blogpost from Rocinha, Rio de Janeiro:
So far, kindergartens and shootouts have by and large been completely unrelated issues in my world. Not anymore. Now, for the past days, every morning around 7.30, I have slowed down and scouted cautiously: Does anyone seem tense, watchful? Are there any police troops in a state of mobilization hiding somewhere close? Are there any heavy fireworks all of a sudden, alerts of that something is about to happen?

The balancing act of moderate Islamist politics in Tunisia

12 May 2015 | CMI Field Notes
Discussions over the role Islam should play in public life, are raging in Tunisia. A veiled Tunisair flight attendant caused uproar in the Tunisian Parliament recently, writes researcher Mari Norbakk from fieldwork in Tunis.

Educating Afghan children: Blinded by numbers

8 May 2015
Access to education has been one of the main priorities for Afghan authorities and the international community for the past 14 years, but despite formidable investments in the country’s educational sector, many Afghan children leave school without being able to read or write. What has gone wrong?

How can Norway best support Afghanistan?

24 Mar 2015 | Afghanistan Week 2015:
The current situation in Afghanistan is the subject of two opposing narratives: one is a success story about international support and involvement since 2001; the other is a story where much has gone wrong and everything can only get worse. Agreeing on a narrative that is closer to the truth is crucial when deciding what form Norwegian support and involvement should take in the future, write Arne Strand and Liv Kjølseth.

Lifting the veil: Educating girls in Afghanistan

23 Mar 2015 | BreakfastForum
Cultural and religious resistance against education of girls is widespread in many parts of Afghanistan. How can you run schools for girls in the insecure Kandahar province where education for girls is highly controversial?

Criminalizing FGM in Sudan: A never ending story?

5 Mar 2015 | CMI field notes
After decades of efforts to end female genital mutilation (FGM) in Sudan, the prevalence of the practice is still staggering. So far, attempts to criminalize FGM have been futile, but there is an election coming up. Will a new national assembly open up for law reform?

The dubious effects of economic growth

22 Dec 2014
Ethiopian women are flocking to the labour market making money of their own. Does this mean that there will be more gender equality? With a grant from the Research Council of Norway's scheme for Young Talented Researchers, CMI’s Lovise Aalen will lead a new project studying the impact of economic growth on the lives of women in developmental states.

Creating successful businesswomen

4 Dec 2014
A field experiment from Tanzania shows that female entrepreneurs have less success than their male counterparts even after training and provision of grants. Why is it so hard to succeed for women running small businesses, and what will it take to shift the tide?

Girls need career possibilities

28 Aug 2014
Family planning policies have been implemented around the world for decades, but with limited results. This is also the case in Tanzania where school dropout is a big problem and the majority of girls get pregnant by the age of 20. What are they doing wrong?

Striving for change

30 Jun 2014
Reem Abbas is impatient. -We are always told that we have to wait. Building the nation needs to come first, women´s rights come second. The young generation of activists is tired of being told to wait, she says.

Accountability for leadership participation in universal crimes and the role of judges

22 Apr 2014
How can we understand and ensure accountability for heinous crimes linked to power structures in society - including core international crimes such as genocide and crimes against humanity?

Monopoly of victimhood

28 Nov 2013
In Uganda, data suggests that not only women and girls are sexually assaulted in times of conflict and war, but also men and boys. Yet, male rape victims are almost invisible in interventions and even debates on conflict related sexual violence. Attention is overwhelmingly focused on girls and women. -There is a monopoly of victimhood, says Chris Dolan, Director at the Refugee Law Project at the School of Law, Makerere University.

New projects to CMI

28 Nov 2013
CMI has won a framework agreement with the Norwegian embassy in Tanzania to conduct 7-10 in-depth studies on aid, public finance, natural resources, land and agriculture, macroeconomics the next 4 years.

Organizing their way to gender equality

25 Oct 2013
Ugandan women have organized themselves to the core of national politics. What lessons are there to learn from the Ugandan experience?

Women, Power & Peacemaking in Africa

7 Oct 2013 | Seminar
Post-conflict countries in Africa have doubled the rates of female legislative representation compared with countries that have not undergone conflict. Professor Aili Mari Tripp compares changes in women's rights in Uganda, Liberia, Congo and Angola.

Norwegian aid is wasted

21 Jun 2013
Or isn't it? Do aid efforts to reduce child mortality actually work? Do projects aimed at female empowerment lead to less violence against women?

Women's battles outside the Western feminist tradition

22 Mar 2013
The late Hugo Chavez proclaimed himself a feminist and opened up new arenas for women's activism in Venezuela. Poor women challenged their traditional roles as mothers and wives and took a collective step into the public sphere. Yet, their struggle is not so much about women's liberation from a Western feminist perspective as it is a fight for alleviating poverty and opening up new spaces for women's political participation.

Women in the market: Equal opportunities?

28 Nov 2012
A field experiment from Tanzania shows that business training improves sales and profit figures for men, but has no effect for women's business performance. -Promoting development among female entrepreneurs is challenging and needs comprehensive measures. We need to pay more attention to the external constraints that limit their possibilities, says Bertil Tungodden.

Heading for trouble in Afghanistan

26 Sep 2012
With the support of NATO and the US, Afghan warlords are regaining strength. -The international community has chosen a dangerous path, warns researcher Akbar Sarwari.

Women's representation in African Parliaments: Empowering women?

29 Jun 2012
Electoral gender quotas have changed the representation of women in politics. Africa is pioneering. Rwanda is currently the only country in the world with more women than men in the national parliament.

Economic growth does not eradicate undernourishment

26 Apr 2012
South Asia has gone through a period of strong economic growth the past two decades. GDP per capita has more than doubled over twenty years. Surprisingly, better economic conditions have not led to improved nutrition in South Asia. The number of undernourished children is almost at the same level today as it was twenty years ago.

Defining poverty from below

27 Feb 2012
A social class of ultra poor is becoming increasingly visible in Mozambique. Neither national authorities nor international donors are able to target them with their current poverty reduction policies.

A woman's world

16 Dec 2011
An increasing number of poor women in Namibian shantytowns form their own households and female social networks. Men are not part of their family coping strategies.

Visualizing Belief and Piety in Iranian Shiism

15 Dec 2011 | Seminar
Literary salon: Ingvild Flaskerud and Håkan Rydving discuss representations of prophets and saints in Islam.

Female Circumcision

3 Dec 2010 | Seminar
The Democracy and Rule of Law Programme at the University of Bergen and CMI has the pleasure to invite to a full-day seminar on Female Circumcision.

LRA: A Regional Strategy beyond Killing Kony

25 Jun 2010 | International Crisis Group - New Report
Nairobi/Brussels, 28 April 2010: To make an end of the brutal Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) once and for all, national armies, the UN and civilians need to pool intelligence and coordinate their efforts in new and creative ways.

Sharia and Human Rights

26 Nov 2009 | Workshop
This seminar will elaborate on the relationship between sharia and human rights. Is Islam compatible with human rights? What are the implications of the struggles of contemporary Islamic feminists and Muslim human rights activists on both the concept of sharia and human rights? What are the challenges and consequences?

Social relations of poverty

15 Oct 2009 | African Urban Slums
The urbanisation of poverty reflects one of the most dramatic developments on the African continent. More than half of Africa's population will soon live in cities and towns.

Gender-based violence in post-2001 Afghanistan

1 Dec 2008 | Poverty and Peace Research grants to CMI
Torunn Wimpelmann Chaudhary won a PhD-grant to study the impact of decades of war and the particular features of the post-Taliban order on women's vulnerability to violence both in public and private places.

Women and Islamic Civil Society

27 Nov 2008 | New PhD Scholarship
Hilde K.Kjøstvedt has won a PhD scholarship at CMI. Her PhD-project will focus on women in Islamic civil society organisations in the occupied Palestinian West Bank.

People News

28 Jun 2007 | In Brief
Lise Rakner has been appointed professor in Comparative Politics at the University of Bergen. She is the first female professor at the Institute.

Human Rights Forum

21 Feb 2006
Karin Ask: " Engendering of female rights in Afghanistan - Theorizing the local/global interface" Sindre Bangstad: "Islam Imprisoned: Transformations in Religious and Human Rights for Muslim Prisoners in a Prison in Cape Town, South Africa 1994-2004"

Human Rights Forum

15 Nov 2005
Karin Ask: " Engendering of female rights in Afghanistan - Theorizing the local/global interface."

Gender, Religion and Change in the Middle East

3 May 2005
The complicated link between women and religion in the Middle East has been a source of debate for centuries, and has special resonance today. Whether religion reinforces female oppression or provides opportunities for women - or a combination of both - depends on time, place and circumstance. This book seeks to contextualize women's roles within their religious traditions rather than through the lens of a dominant culture.