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Assisted return not a permanent solution for all asylum seekers

3 May 2016 | Blog post
Many asylum seekers who choose assisted return are from a country destroyed by war and conflict. More than half of those who return to countries such as Afghanistan and Iraq plan to migrate again. Assisted return is a viable type of support to assist with the return, but is not sufficient to prevent large numbers of people once again leaving insecure countries of return. Only minor changes are required, however, to increase the potential for permanent return.

Oil regimes on the verge of collapse

11 Mar 2016 | Breakfast Forum
When oil prices fell in 2014, Angola and Venezuela lost half of their income base. Crisis followed. Why has it been so hard for these countries to reform their political economies?

Legislative Candidacy in Electoral Authoritarian Regimes. Evidence from Tanzania

26 Feb 2016
Authoritarian regimes is the most common regime type aside from democracy. In these settings, the ruling party permits opposition but stifles their chances to win. Why do individuals run for legislative office on opposition versus ruling party tickets in such regimes? asks Keith Weghorst, Post-doctoral fellow at Vanderbuilt University in this seminar.

Results Based Financing: The health system perspective

24 Nov 2015 | Regional workshop
Many experts see the introduction of results based financing (RBF) schemes as an opportunity to strengthen, or even reform, health systems; however, they are also a potential source of new risks and challenges that are not well understood.

The way ahead for Tunisia

23 Oct 2015
Is Tunisia delivering on the promise of the Arab Spring by producing a real democracy?

Education fees in Nepal give households a hard time

7 Oct 2015
During my fieldwork in Ilam district, Eastern Nepal, I had the chance to visit many different homes, and to experience parts of the everyday life of Nepali families. So far, in every single stay, I was impressed by the children’s motivation for doing homework until late in the evening, and their great ability to speak English. One of them, a 4,5-years old was copying mathematical rules and letters several times, “just for fun, as he is doing it every evening”, as his older brother told me.

Steps to limit the endemic corruption around junior mining companies

4 Oct 2015
High environmental risks and questionable development outcomes characterise the mining industry. A myriad of small companies operate in competitive, high-risk, high-reward settings with weak institutions that fail to enforce regulations. Such conditions are highly conducive to corruption, violence, and environmental destruction.

Making remittances work against money laundering

20 Jul 2015
Hawala networks can be useful partners in the work against money laundering of corruption gains, rather than the obstacle they are often considered to be.

Former CMI student died in earthquake in Nepal

13 May 2015
Madhab Bhusal passed away in the second Nepali earthquake on May 12, 2015

Policing the Favelas: Reform, Rank, and Resistance in Rio’s Pacifying Police Units

24 Mar 2015 | Rio, March 2015
Felipe doesn’t like it much, shootouts occur almost every day, but he knows that he can’t show any signs of weakness, so he tries to keep up appearances. Two weeks after arriving at Fazendinha he was shot in a confrontation with armed traffickers.

African Transformation

29 Oct 2014 | Seminar
If African economies are to transform, they need more than growth - they need growth with depth.

Key stakeholders gathered to discuss Tanzania’s future as a petro-state

27 Oct 2014
Close to 200 representatives from the government, academia, civil society and media were present when CMI, REPOA, and the National Bureau of Statistics presented their new research programme Tanzania as a future petro-state at the Hyatt Hotel in Dar es Salaam Friday 24 October.

Following guidelines saves lives

28 Aug 2014
Pneumonia is the biggest child killer in developing countries. Simple medical procedures can improve diagnosis and save lives. Yet, studies show that many clinicians do not perform these procedures. Why?

Girls need career possibilities

28 Aug 2014
Family planning policies have been implemented around the world for decades, but with limited results. This is also the case in Tanzania where school dropout is a big problem and the majority of girls get pregnant by the age of 20. What are they doing wrong?

Reducing poverty: The role of labour markets

12 Jun 2014
Poverty is in decline in Nepal. Steady economic growth and labour migration is part of the explanation.

P4P: Good intentions can go wrong

30 May 2014
In an effort to improve maternal and child health, Tanzanian authorities implemented a pay for performance (P4P) scheme in 2009. The more women the health workers convinced to give birth at health facilities, the bigger bonus they would get. The number of women giving birth at health facilities did increase, but the new scheme also had adverse effects.

Bergen Seminar in Development Economics

8 May 2014
Robert Lensink (Groningen) and Carol Newman (Dublin) are visiting CMI for the spring Bergen seminar in development economics. There will be papers on son-preference in South-Asia, technology transfers and foreign investments in Vietnam, the role of IMF for foreign aid flows, and on financial literacy in rural Rwanda.

Does paying for performance improve health outcomes?

31 Mar 2014 | New Globvac project
This new project is the first to study national implementation of results-based financing in the health sector in a large country.

Fairness and global inequality

13 Mar 2014 | Let's be fair:
With Ingvild Almås, NHH Norwegian School of Economics

Can Ghana withstand the resource curse?

26 Nov 2013
Ghana discovered oil in 2010. The country now produces 100 000 barrels a day, amounting to an income of 1 billion dollars a year. Are the country's institutions strong enough to withstand the resource curse? -Yes, says Inge Amundsen, senior researcher at the Chr. Michelsen Institute.

CMI partner in new centre of excellence on maternal and child health

15 Oct 2013
Every year, millions of children die before reaching the age of five. 85 percent of child-mother fatalities happen in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. The new Centre for Intervention Science in Maternal and Child Health (CISMAC) focus their efforts here.

When warm glow burns: Motivational (mis)allocation in the non-profit sector

27 Sep 2013 | CMISeminar
What are the links between NGO's finances, development workers' motivations and NGO's achievements?

Include Southern voices in the new development agenda

15 Jul 2013
As the Millennium Development Goals are coming to an end, international actors have started working on a new set of development goals for the global community. Last time around, the majority of the inputs came from institutions in the North. Will the voice of Southern actors be heard this time?

Going beyond impact evaluation: Performance-Based Financing of Health Care Provision in Low-Income Countries

13 Jun 2013
The workshop made real progress in the dialogue between researchers, practitioners and policy makers. The priorities for research were made clearer. Read reports and summaries from the participants.

Dodging the health problems of the poor

30 May 2013
Less than 10 percent of money spent on health research is spent on diseases that primarily affect 90 percent of the world's population, including the poorest. Are even the meager 10 percent spent wisely? No, says Professor David Sanders and argues that a fear of stepping into the realm of politics makes global health actors and donors prioritise wrongly.

-Make vaccination the default option

28 May 2013
There is huge variation in vaccination coverage across low- and middle-income countries. Some of the poorest countries perform far better than richer ones. The standard policy response to low coverage is to improve supply of vaccines. Researchers urge policymakers to also work on the demand side. - Health authorities should try making vaccination the default option, says CMI-director Ottar Mæstad.

CSR in the Arab World: A mission impossible?

25 Feb 2013
CSR is on the rise in the Arab World, but the initiators find it difficult to root the concept beyond the ranks of state-owned enterprises and crony capitalists. - When CSR projects are initiated in Arab countries, they do not enter an empty void. Many businessmen have pre-existing conceptions of social responsibility, originated in Islam, says CMI-researcher Kjetil Selvik.

Angola: Growth, development & inequality - and what role for Norway?

4 Dec 2012 | Seminar
How is Angola transforming growth into development? How to balance benefits to Angola's citizens and foreign investors?

Africa needs international tax regulations

17 Sep 2012
Developing countries could raise substantial domestic revenues by strengthening tax legislation and administration, but a lack of global regulations to address cross-border tax evasion is slowing down the process.

Strengthening social anthropology in Mozambique

22 Jun 2012
CMI-researchers cooperate with the Department of Anthropology at the Eduardo Mondlane University (UEM) in Maputo.

Africa loses big money on tax breaks

11 Jun 2012
Many African states could raise substantial tax revenues. Instead they race to offer foreign investors the most favorable tax treatment.

Democratic Imperatives

8 Jun 2012
A new report documents measures that can make government and politics more responsive, more accountable and more transparent and enable citizens to take a greater role in governing themselves.

Moderate reforms are more likely to succeed

14 May 2012
-Moderate reforms can have a positive magnet effect on traditional oppressive social norms, says Jean-Philippe Platteau.

Migration into resource-rich Gulf economies

3 May 2012 | Seminar
Halvor Mehlum and Gry Østenstad on the political economy of migration policies.

Hunting for per diems

23 Apr 2012
Allowances, or per diems, have become an important source of income for civil servants in sub-saharan Africa. -Existing practices need to be revised, says CMI-researcher Tina Søreide.

A way out of child labour

30 Mar 2012
Economic compensation to families who let their children go to school is the best way to reduce child labour.

Defining poverty from below

27 Feb 2012
A social class of ultra poor is becoming increasingly visible in Mozambique. Neither national authorities nor international donors are able to target them with their current poverty reduction policies.

What is there to learn from Hugo Chavez?

26 Jan 2012
During the past decade, Venezuela has used revenue from the oil sector to reduce poverty and foster social development. Questions of social inequalities are high up on the political agenda, says Iselin Åsedotter Strønen.

Diversifying an oil rich economy: Why and how?

9 Jan 2012
Policies for diversification should focus on international regulation that affects elite incentives, rather than on domestic industrial policy in countries where the economy is in the hands of a few, concludes researchers.

A woman's world

16 Dec 2011
An increasing number of poor women in Namibian shantytowns form their own households and female social networks. Men are not part of their family coping strategies.

The ethics of priority setting in global health

2 Nov 2011 | Global Health Challenges
Maternal and child health is prioritized in most countries. This leads us to give less priority to the treatment of chronic diseases in adults, such as AIDS. What is the basis for such priorities?

Litigating their way to better health

2 Nov 2011
Litigating health rights does make a difference. However, it varies to whom. Court cases brought by NGOs often contribute to better health care for the poor. Other cases primarily benefit middle class people who have resources to go to court.

Follow the money: Financial secrecy, international taxation and development

17 Oct 2011 | Seminar
Illegal money flows from developing countries exceeds development assistance. Tax havens are used to facilitate these illegal flows through money laundering, tax avoidance and tax evasion. Many of the major tax havens are European.

Low motivation gives poor quality health care

23 Sep 2011 | Doctoral dissertation defence
Low health worker performance is a key obstacle to achieving the health-related Millennium Development Goals. While a lack of knowledge, equipment and medicine have been seen as the major challenges, a recent study pinpoints poorly motivated health workers as an important contributing factor to low quality health care in low-income settings.

World Food Crisis?

9 Sep 2011 | Seminar
World food prices are fluctuating, and have on average increased during the last years. What shall we expect in the long run? Economist Stein T. Holden from UMB and geographer Peter Andersen from UiB discuss these issues with a focus on local knowledge and technological opportunities.

Challenging the Injustice of Poverty in South Asia

23 Jun 2011
Prof. Rehman Sobhan challenges the traditional definition of poverty as a form of income deprivation. He redefines poverty a process that excludes significant segments of society from more equitable participation in development opportunities and in decision making. Sobhan identifies a variety of operational ideas to build a more inclusive society in South Asia.