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No magic bullets for reconciliation

17 Aug 2015 | Rwanda
When societies go from military dictatorship to democracy or from internal armed conflict to peace, one of the toughest choices facing the government in the new order is how to deal with past violence. Great hopes have been pinned on transitional justice mechanisms, but the anticipated positive effects of transitional justice mechanisms on the process of restoring peace or (re)constructing democracy may be too high.

Covering up a massacre in Angola?

19 May 2015 | Will the international community take a stand?
In mid-April 2015, news emerged about the killing of nine police-men in Angola's Huambo province. The incident involved the police and members of Juliano Kalupeteca's "Light of the World" religious sect. In the following days, grizzling reports emerged of a massacre of perhaps hundreds of sect members. We do not yet know the truth. Angola's government appears to do its utmost to prevent knowledge of it to transpire. Will the international community remain passive?

The balancing act of moderate Islamist politics in Tunisia

12 May 2015 | CMI Field Notes
Discussions over the role Islam should play in public life, are raging in Tunisia. A veiled Tunisair flight attendant caused uproar in the Tunisian Parliament recently, writes researcher Mari Norbakk from fieldwork in Tunis.

The Iran-US nuclear agreement: Beginning of a new era?

6 May 2015
If the nuclear framework agreement is to be the start of something bigger, the US and other Western countries need a vision beyond the fight against terrorism, argues Walter Posch at the National Defence Academy in Vienna. Recognizing the role of energy security and economy in the region may be key to long-lasting change.

100 years since the deportation: “The Armenians are a nation of widows and orphans”

24 Apr 2015
Today, Armenia commemorates the starting date of the massacre on the Armenian people. On 24 April 1915, leaders of the Ottoman Empire arrested Armenian intellectuals and leaders in modern day Istanbul.

Iran and the West: Coexisting and competing with an ideological challenge

9 Apr 2015
Iran's foreign policy is based on revolutionary, Islamist and nationalist principles. Contradictions are solved according to "expedient interests of the system." What are the prospects of reconciliation with the West?

Thailand: A Different Kind of Coup

2 Jun 2014 | Behind the News
The military has seized power under the banner of 'unity and harmony' to defend the constitutional monarchy. In the short term, they have won. In the longer run, the outcome is much less certain.

Strengthening human rights in Ethiopia

28 Jan 2014
Ethiopia has great success in its work to eradicate poverty. Yet, the human rights situation in the country makes cooperation a challenging task for the international community. Norway should support the country´s human rights work by strengthening Ethiopia's internal debates on human rights, says CMI-researchers. -The best way to do this is through institutional cooperation, and close collaboration with Ethiopian partners.

Ethiopia challenging Norwegian aid politics

30 Sep 2013
Ethiopian authorities are tightening the grip on political opponents, the Muslim minority and the media. Human Rights Watch describes the situation as alarming. The majority party in the soon to be Norwegian government has signaled cuts in aid to countries that do not respect human rights. Will they sacrifice Norwegian-Ethiopian relations on the altar of human rights?

Hamas and the Arab Spring

28 Aug 2013
The Arab Spring and the outbreak of the Arab revolts in December 2010, recasted the political landscape of the Middle East. Hamas was forced to respond to a host of fundamental challenges. Hamas stands on the verge of change.

Troublesome peace

29 Sep 2011 | New report
The process of building peace and reintegrating insurgents in Afghanistan is failing. The political will isn't strong enough.

Afghan leaders see need for US to make peace

27 May 2011 | With video: Hamish Nixon:
The Afghan conflict is driven by the impact and behaviour of international troops as well as the illegitimacy of the Afghan government.

Archaeology, Exclusion and Conflict in Jerusalem: Silwan and the City of David

9 May 2011 | Seminar:
The manipulation of archaeology to rationalize exclusive nationalist and ethnic claims of primacy persist. Bert de Vriers presents the case of the creation of the City of David as an archaeological park by the Elad settler organization in the mostly Palestinian community of Silwan.

Sima Samar: Human Rights, Reintegration and Reconciliation in Afghanistan

15 Mar 2011 | The Christian Michelsen Lecture 2011
We need dialog and negotiation, but we also need accountability and justice. Dr. Sima Samar gives the 2011 Christian Michelsen lecture.

Why Sudan's Popular Consultation Matters

22 Nov 2010 | USIP Special Report
This report examines Sudan's popular consultation, an ongoing process whereby the people of the Sudanese states of Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile will democratically and popularly assess the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement and determine whether it satisfactorily reflects the aspirations of the people.

Sudan's Comprehensive Peace Agreement viewed through the eyes of the Women of South Sudan

22 Jul 2010 | Fellows programme occasional paper 3 2010
Born in a territory between North and South Sudan, politically speaking the author is from the North. However, like many Sudanese women, the author feels that being a Sudanese woman is what is important for her. It is as a Sudanese woman that she feels she has the liberty to speak about Sudanese women - regardless of their political and geographic affiliations.

Afghanistan at the cross-roads

7 May 2010 | Seminar in the Resource Centre
President Karzai has announced that a peace jirga will be held in May this year to discuss ways out of the conflict and President Obama has earlier announced that American forces will start to withdraw in July next year. What does this mean for Afghanistan's future? What are the implications for progressive reforms in Afghanistan? Aziz Hakimi, an Afghan political analyst based in Kabul, and CMI researcher Torunn Wimpelmann Chaudhary present and discusses with chair Astri Suhrke.

Roads to Reconciliation: Transitional Justice in Norway and Beyond

4 Sep 2008 | Human Rights Symposium
How do societies deal with gross human rights violations after the end of violent conflict? This symposium critically examines the justice and reconciliation processes by comparing the Norwegian post-World War II experience to more recent cases from Latin America, Africa and Asia.

People News

23 Oct 2007 | In Brief
Vigdis Anita Gåskjenn has started working at CMI as Head of Finance. Elin Skaar is appointed new Research Director for the Rights, Democracy and Development group.

Transitional Justice Mechanisms: Assessing the effects on violence and reconciliation

28 Jun 2007 | New Human Rights Project
What are the links between various transitional justice mechanisms and the degree of violence and reconciliation in the post-war or post-authoritarian period?

Building peace through community development

17 Jan 2007
In a war-torn corner of DRC, in Ituri, they have shown that income-generating activities, reconstruction of infrastructure, local radio stations etc., are means to create peace in the midst of violence.

Islam and Muslims in the West

15 Nov 2006
What does the new politics of security mean for Muslims? Associate Professor Michael Humphrey has published widely on the themes of ethnic identity, Islam, globalization, refugees, law, terrorism, war, human rights and reconciliation. His current research projects are concerned with atrocity, healing, national reconstruction and reconciliation.

Religious Civil Society in Afghanistan

19 Apr 2006
In a new project, CMI and PRIO will examine the role and significance of religious groups and networks in the development of Afghan civil society. What are the potential lines of tension and collaboration among secular and religious civil society actors? The project intends to bring the role of religious actors to the centre of the civil society debate in Afghanistan's peace, reconciliation and development processes.

Human Rights in the War on Terror

4 May 2005
Richard Wilson, Gladstein Chair of Human Rights and Director of the Human Rights Institute, University of Connecticut discusses human rights after 9/11, What are the effects on human rights of the military actions and anti-terror legislation that constitutes the "war on terror", in the USA as well as globally?