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Legislative Candidacy in Electoral Authoritarian Regimes. Evidence from Tanzania

26 Feb 2016
Authoritarian regimes is the most common regime type aside from democracy. In these settings, the ruling party permits opposition but stifles their chances to win. Why do individuals run for legislative office on opposition versus ruling party tickets in such regimes? asks Keith Weghorst, Post-doctoral fellow at Vanderbuilt University in this seminar.

In memory of Fredrik Barth

28 Jan 2016
Fredrik Barth, one of the world's most prominent anthropologists, passed away last Sunday at an age of 87. He taught us how to think about and analyze cultural complexity, ethnic relations, liveliood systems, ecology, politics and religion.

Kindergardens and shootouts

6 Jul 2015 | Blogpost from Rocinha, Rio de Janeiro:
So far, kindergartens and shootouts have by and large been completely unrelated issues in my world. Not anymore. Now, for the past days, every morning around 7.30, I have slowed down and scouted cautiously: Does anyone seem tense, watchful? Are there any police troops in a state of mobilization hiding somewhere close? Are there any heavy fireworks all of a sudden, alerts of that something is about to happen?

Covering up a massacre in Angola?

19 May 2015 | Will the international community take a stand?
In mid-April 2015, news emerged about the killing of nine police-men in Angola's Huambo province. The incident involved the police and members of Juliano Kalupeteca's "Light of the World" religious sect. In the following days, grizzling reports emerged of a massacre of perhaps hundreds of sect members. We do not yet know the truth. Angola's government appears to do its utmost to prevent knowledge of it to transpire. Will the international community remain passive?

100 years since the deportation: “The Armenians are a nation of widows and orphans”

24 Apr 2015
Today, Armenia commemorates the starting date of the massacre on the Armenian people. On 24 April 1915, leaders of the Ottoman Empire arrested Armenian intellectuals and leaders in modern day Istanbul.

How can Norway best support Afghanistan?

24 Mar 2015 | Afghanistan Week 2015:
The current situation in Afghanistan is the subject of two opposing narratives: one is a success story about international support and involvement since 2001; the other is a story where much has gone wrong and everything can only get worse. Agreeing on a narrative that is closer to the truth is crucial when deciding what form Norwegian support and involvement should take in the future, write Arne Strand and Liv Kjølseth.

Rethinking inequalities in Latin America

6 Mar 2015
Several countries in Latin American has managed to reduce economic inequalities during the past decade. Yet, various forms of social, economic and cultural inequalities continues to be a defining feature of Latin American societies.

IS: Who are the Western Recruits?

11 Feb 2015 | BreakfastForum
Yousuf Assidiq from Minotenk and Truls Tønnessen, FFI in conversation with Åse Gilje Østensen.

Playing the Ethnic Card? The political game in Malawi

4 Feb 2015 | CMI Field Notes
The good (but not so new) news from Malawian politics is that some of the democratic basics are in place, making the somewhat impaired democracy keep stumbling on, writes CMIs Inge Amundsen and Gift Sambo from the field.

Out of poverty with inclusive policy

17 Jun 2014
Nepal consists of more than 100 different castes and ethnic groups. A recent social inclusion survey reveals deep social exclusion, discrimination and immense differences between the different groups. Will Nepal succeed in lifting the poorest castes and ethnic groups in the country out of poverty using inclusive policies?

Reducing poverty: The role of labour markets

12 Jun 2014
Poverty is in decline in Nepal. Steady economic growth and labour migration is part of the explanation.

Rebuilding Somalia's Failed State: Alternative scenarios

8 May 2014
Is Somalia a failed state? Where can Somalia go from here and how can the country be rebuild?

Promoting human rights in ever changing contexts

31 Mar 2014
Uganda's new anti-homosexuality law has disheartened the international human rights community. Would it have been possible to foresee Museveni's approval of the law? In an ideal world, actors promoting human rights can design projects and interventions and see them through with norms and laws in mind. In the real world, where politics and erratic decisions come into play, human rights work is extremely challenging.

To pay or not to pay

28 Jan 2014
Taxpayer compliance in Sub-Saharan Africa is closely linked to peoples' views of the government's ability to deliver on important services, the fairness of the system, and consequences of tax evasion shows findings from the recent Afrobarometer survey.

Strengthening human rights in Ethiopia

28 Jan 2014
Ethiopia has great success in its work to eradicate poverty. Yet, the human rights situation in the country makes cooperation a challenging task for the international community. Norway should support the country´s human rights work by strengthening Ethiopia's internal debates on human rights, says CMI-researchers. -The best way to do this is through institutional cooperation, and close collaboration with Ethiopian partners.

Navigating societies in transition

29 Jan 2013
How do military-civilian relations stamp societies in upheaval and conflict? What role do they play in the transition to democracy? A new CMI project on military-civilian relations compares Latin America and the Middle East.

Iranian industry in limbo

26 Nov 2012
A thwarted industrial policy, poor economic governance and external tensions have brought Iran's industrial class to the brink of extinction. They are trapped in between the revolutionary rhetoric of the Islamic republic and unfulfilled attempts of economic pragmatism.

Born in the USA

24 Oct 2012
This year, Professor Philippe Bourgois from the University of Pennsylvania was invited speaker at the Bergen Summer Research School (20-22 June), co-hosted by the CMI. During his visit, he was interviewed on his long-term research among drug-addicts in inner-city US ghettos. His research will be linked to a new program on urbanization and urbanity at CMI (Nefissa naguib and Are Knudsen).

Breaking the landlords' hold on labourers

31 May 2012
The transition from a feudal to a modern economy has changed the labour market in Nepal. There are more and better paid jobs available, also outside the agricultural sector. Yet, some Nepalese labourers in rural areas continue to have coercive traditional contracts with landlords. Government programmes can help poor families out of these contracts through access to insurance, credit and social services.

Migration into resource-rich Gulf economies

3 May 2012 | Seminar
Halvor Mehlum and Gry Østenstad on the political economy of migration policies.

Economic growth does not eradicate undernourishment

26 Apr 2012
South Asia has gone through a period of strong economic growth the past two decades. GDP per capita has more than doubled over twenty years. Surprisingly, better economic conditions have not led to improved nutrition in South Asia. The number of undernourished children is almost at the same level today as it was twenty years ago.

Bangladesh conference: New Context and New Challenges

19 Apr 2012
Reducing poverty and improving governance require evidence-based approaches that also pay attention to the political scope for reform.

Flammable societies?

24 Jan 2012
Despite the discovery of oil and gas, most countries rich in natural resources are still economically troubled and conflict-ridden. -Resources are not only tied to financial value, but also to social identity and cosmology. Current explanations of the resource curse fail to consider historical grievances and the significance of social territorialism, says John-Andrew McNeish in his newly published book Flammable Societies: Studies on the Socio-Economics of Oil and Gas.

Stein Sundstøl Eriksen, Tore Nedrebø and Elling N. Tjønneland: Comparing Emerging Powers in Africa

12 Jan 2012 | Dialogues at CMI: Emerging South Powers and Africa
How do the emerging South powers promote economic co-operation, trade and investment? And how is development finance and aid provided?

The complexity of religious domination

10 Jan 2012
In Jordan, churches and mosques are situated side by side. In Sudan, religious minorities can hold powerful positions, but rarely do. Religious domination is not a question of black or white.

Faith-based food justice

6 Jan 2012 | Nefissa Naguib blogs from Cairo:
Our faith drives us. We do our work with respect and humility. Our aim is to facilitate the distribution of food for every Egyptian who needs it, without discrimination between women or men, Muslim or Christian."

CANCELLED: Stein Sundstøl Eriksen: India in Africa

24 Nov 2011 | Dialogues at CMI: Emerging South Powers and Africa
The seminar has been cancelled and will be moved to January

What will two Norwegian ministers achieve in Angola?

21 Nov 2011
Angola suffers from gross inequality, widespread poverty and a reputation for authoritarianism and corruption. However, this does not scare off foreign investors. The former Portuguese colony is enormously rich in natural resources, and is a main destination for Norwegian investments in Africa.

The imagined and the real: Hadrami mobilities in the western Indian Ocean

16 Nov 2011 | Seminar
Hadramawt, in southeastern Yemen, has been a point of departure of emigrants for centuries. How do the emigrants maintain relationships with one another? What are their strategies?

Alcides Costa Vaz: Brazil´s international cooperation: perspectives on emerging powers and Africa

15 Nov 2011 | Dialogues at CMI: Emerging South Powers and Africa
What are the objectives of Brazil's foreign policies, and how are they pursued?

Actors, Power and Mobilisation under Ethnic Federalism by Lovise Aalen

10 Nov 2011 | Book Launch
What are the outcomes of ethnic self-rule, in combination with the power politics of an authoritarian regime?

Troublesome peace

29 Sep 2011 | New report
The process of building peace and reintegrating insurgents in Afghanistan is failing. The political will isn't strong enough.

Afghan leaders see need for US to make peace

27 May 2011 | With video: Hamish Nixon:
The Afghan conflict is driven by the impact and behaviour of international troops as well as the illegitimacy of the Afghan government.

Archaeology, Exclusion and Conflict in Jerusalem: Silwan and the City of David

9 May 2011 | Seminar:
The manipulation of archaeology to rationalize exclusive nationalist and ethnic claims of primacy persist. Bert de Vriers presents the case of the creation of the City of David as an archaeological park by the Elad settler organization in the mostly Palestinian community of Silwan.

Politics and Transition in the New South Sudan

13 Apr 2011 | International Crisis Group report
Now that South Sudan's self-determination has been realised, long-suppressed grievances and simmering political disputes have re-surfaced, threatening instability on the eve of independence.

Security Sector Reform Monitor: Southern Sudan

4 Feb 2011 | CIGI report
This paper answers questions regarding the future of the SPLMA, examines possible new political alliances between the north and Southern Sudan, and considers the possibility for ethnic violence against Southern Sudanese living in the north if the south secedes.

Gen Salva Kiir Mayardit public address

13 Oct 2010 | Public speech
Read the public address of Gen Salva Kiir Mayardit on his return from the official visit to the United States of America.

U.S president Obama UN speech on Sudan

6 Oct 2010 | Video
Remarks by U.S. President Obama in a Ministerial Meeting on Sudan.

The Lost Peace. Collective Land Titling, Natural Resources and Armed Conflict in the Colombian Pacific

30 Sep 2010 | Latin America Seminar
What is the relationship between the change in the structure of land ownership and the dynamics of armed conflict in the Columbian Pacific, and how is it related to the planting and exploitation of palm oil?

Transforming Identities and New Representations of Muslims in Contemporary Ethiopia

22 Sep 2010 | Workshop
Leading international scholars meet to discuss the transformation of Muslim identities and the production of new representations and imaginations of Islam and Muslims in Ethiopia.

Minorities in the Middle East

23 May 2008 | CMI Workshop and lectures:
Professor Kais M. Firro holds the opening lecture. Minority politics, minority community dynamics, and relations between members of majority and minority religious communities in the Middle East from a historical and a contemporary perspective.

Building ethnic citizenship?

13 May 2008 | CMI Seminar
Indigenous responses to multicultural state reform in Guatemala and Mexico. Professor Rachel Sieder analyzes indigenous peoples' efforts to articulate alternative visions of government, law and justice.

Actors, power and mobilisation in southern Ethiopia under ethnic federalism

3 Apr 2008 | Politics of Ethnicity:
Cand. polit Lovise Aalen defended her PhD dissertation at the University of Oslo Friday 4 April. In her dissertation Aalen studies the national political framework of ethnic based federalism. She argues that ethnic political mobilisation must be understood as an outcome of both inter-ethnic and intra-ethnic relations.

Land and Law

27 Nov 2007 | New Human Rights Project
In Africa and Latin America the conditions of rights to land are commonly characterised by ambiguous rules and norms that are intimately connected to the construction and inequality of both national and local social structures and ethnic and religious identities.

People News

23 Oct 2007 | In Brief
Vigdis Anita Gåskjenn has started working at CMI as Head of Finance. Elin Skaar is appointed new Research Director for the Rights, Democracy and Development group.