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Reality defeats good intentions: The power of religious leaders in Touba

27 Nov 2015
Legislation is a widely used tool for increasing the number of women in politics. But laws seeking to promote gender parity come short in facing the ‘sociological realities’ in Senegal, as the case of the holy city of Touba shows.

The best way to tax natural resources

24 Nov 2015
-A 'good' natural resource tax regime is one that does not undermine - or strangle - the development of the ordinary tax system, says CMI researcher Odd-Helge Fjeldstad. Different segments of the tax system 'interfere' with each other. If the most resourceful companies and individuals do not contribute with tax revenue due to tax avoidance and exemptions, this will affect the taxpaying behaviour of others.

Steps to limit the endemic corruption around junior mining companies

4 Oct 2015
High environmental risks and questionable development outcomes characterise the mining industry. A myriad of small companies operate in competitive, high-risk, high-reward settings with weak institutions that fail to enforce regulations. Such conditions are highly conducive to corruption, violence, and environmental destruction.

Five things you need to know about the SDGs

25 Sep 2015
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) have been criticised for being too broad and vague. What are the chances of success?

Media Development, Cross-cultural Communication and Public Diplomacy

12 Jun 2015 | Conference on China-Africa Communication

Multinational accounting firms: On both sides of the table

23 Jan 2015
Big accounting firms advice multinational companies on tax loopholes and lobby for tax exemptions. At the same time they advice governments in developing countries on tax reforms and engage in government task forces. A new research project delve deeper into the dual role of multinational accounting firms.

The dubious effects of economic growth

22 Dec 2014
Ethiopian women are flocking to the labour market making money of their own. Does this mean that there will be more gender equality? With a grant from the Research Council of Norway's scheme for Young Talented Researchers, CMI’s Lovise Aalen will lead a new project studying the impact of economic growth on the lives of women in developmental states.

Key stakeholders gathered to discuss Tanzania’s future as a petro-state

27 Oct 2014
Close to 200 representatives from the government, academia, civil society and media were present when CMI, REPOA, and the National Bureau of Statistics presented their new research programme Tanzania as a future petro-state at the Hyatt Hotel in Dar es Salaam Friday 24 October.

Shaping the political arena

22 Sep 2014 | Literary salon
Michael Alvarez in conversation with David and Ruth Collier

Natural Resource Management: The importance of good policy makers

30 Jun 2014
- Policy makers and their decisions matter much more than a supposed resource curse, says Ricardo Soares de Oliveira. As East Africa booms with oil, he urges international actors and donors to repoliticise the international reform and financial agenda.

Reducing poverty: The role of labour markets

12 Jun 2014
Poverty is in decline in Nepal. Steady economic growth and labour migration is part of the explanation.

Avoiding Africa's Oil Curse

23 May 2014
East Africa is the global oil and gas industry's hottest frontier. Several west and central African states have already experienced petroleum booms of their own. What can East Africa learn from their experiences?

Corruption, grabbing and development: Real world challenges

13 Feb 2014 | Book launch in Oslo
Grabbing is a major obstacle to development. It takes different forms in different countries, and standardised anti-corruption efforts fail. Experienced practitioners and researchers present corrupt practices from around the world challenging anti-corruption efforts and explaining why they have failed.

Diversifying to avoid the resource curse?

20 Dec 2013
Diversification spreads risk as countries expand into new export sectors, but does diversification also improve institutions and address the resource curse? Diversification strategies were top of the agenda at the UNIDO General Conference in December.

Strengthening tax systems in developing countries

19 Dec 2013
How can donors strengthen tax systems in developing countries? By complementing their technical approach with measures to build a taxpayer culture, and challenging development countries to take the lead, says CMI researcher Odd-Helge Fjeldstad.

Can Ghana withstand the resource curse?

26 Nov 2013
Ghana discovered oil in 2010. The country now produces 100 000 barrels a day, amounting to an income of 1 billion dollars a year. Are the country's institutions strong enough to withstand the resource curse? -Yes, says Inge Amundsen, senior researcher at the Chr. Michelsen Institute.

Overheating in the Kimberley: Theory and a case study

7 May 2013
Open lecture with Professor Thomas Hylland Eriksen (UiO) on the effects of an interconnected "overheated" world.

Venezuela sett fra Norge

5 Apr 2013
Medienes negative karakteristikker av den avdøde presidenten Hugo Chávez dekker over hva kontroversene i Venezuela egentlig handler om, skriver Iselin Åsedotter Strønen i en kronikk i Aftenposten.

CSR in the Arab World: A mission impossible?

25 Feb 2013
CSR is on the rise in the Arab World, but the initiators find it difficult to root the concept beyond the ranks of state-owned enterprises and crony capitalists. - When CSR projects are initiated in Arab countries, they do not enter an empty void. Many businessmen have pre-existing conceptions of social responsibility, originated in Islam, says CMI-researcher Kjetil Selvik.

Struggling Sudanese economy

29 Jan 2013
Political unrest and conflict, combined with failed strategies and policies, have led to a dramatic decline in foreign exchange revenues and foreign direct investments in Sudan. According to Hassan Ali Gadkarim, there is no miracle cure. The government of Sudan has to build lasting peace with its neighbours and establish accountable public institutions to win the foreign investors back.

Iranian industry in limbo

26 Nov 2012
A thwarted industrial policy, poor economic governance and external tensions have brought Iran's industrial class to the brink of extinction. They are trapped in between the revolutionary rhetoric of the Islamic republic and unfulfilled attempts of economic pragmatism.

Vietnam makes haste but not speed on anti-corruption

31 Oct 2012
Vietnam scores poorly on international measures of corruption. The Communist Party is trying to clean up public life, but progress is slow. Meanwhile, critique increases as corruption and rent-seeking impairs further economic growth.

Facilitating small businesses: The Ethiopian experience

31 Oct 2012
The Ethiopian government has followed a top-down cluster development strategy by constructing working premises for small businesses. So far more than 2075 working premises have been built with a total cost of over 300 million birr. Why do most of the premises remain empty despite highly subsidized rent?

FOOD AND FURY

16 Oct 2012
Food evokes emotions. Food shapes nations and cultures. Food can be a source of conflict. Food riots are one of the oldest forms of people's revolutions.

Building a taxpayer culture

4 Oct 2012 | Odd-Helge Fjeldstad's tax blog
The government's ability to collect taxes depends on people's and businesses' willingness to pay them. How do you convince them to pay their fair share?

Assessing corruption risks critical for success of REDD

7 Sep 2012 | Op-ed
Learning the right lessons from past experiences with corruption in the forest sector is crucial to prevent broad undermining of REDD+.

Bergen Seminar in Development Economics

14 May 2012
How does the strategic interaction between modern law and customs work? How poor are the poor? These are among the questions that will be discussed in the Bergen Seminar in Development Economics.

A way out of child labour

30 Mar 2012
Economic compensation to families who let their children go to school is the best way to reduce child labour.

Flammable societies. The socio-economics of oil and gas

29 Mar 2012 | Book salon:
Politics, inequality and poverty in resource-rich countries. Michael Alvarez invites the authors John McNeish and Logan Owen to probe into the impact of oil and gas industry.

What is there to learn from Hugo Chavez?

26 Jan 2012
During the past decade, Venezuela has used revenue from the oil sector to reduce poverty and foster social development. Questions of social inequalities are high up on the political agenda, says Iselin Åsedotter Strønen.

Flammable societies?

24 Jan 2012
Despite the discovery of oil and gas, most countries rich in natural resources are still economically troubled and conflict-ridden. -Resources are not only tied to financial value, but also to social identity and cosmology. Current explanations of the resource curse fail to consider historical grievances and the significance of social territorialism, says John-Andrew McNeish in his newly published book Flammable Societies: Studies on the Socio-Economics of Oil and Gas.

Diversifying an oil rich economy: Why and how?

9 Jan 2012
Policies for diversification should focus on international regulation that affects elite incentives, rather than on domestic industrial policy in countries where the economy is in the hands of a few, concludes researchers.

Den brasilianske utfordringen

20 Dec 2011 | Kronikk
Brasil er i ferd med å bli en svært sentral samarbeidspartner for Norge. Relasjonen vil teste vår evne til å forholde oss til stadig viktigere ikke-vestlige nasjoner.

What will two Norwegian ministers achieve in Angola?

21 Nov 2011
Angola suffers from gross inequality, widespread poverty and a reputation for authoritarianism and corruption. However, this does not scare off foreign investors. The former Portuguese colony is enormously rich in natural resources, and is a main destination for Norwegian investments in Africa.

Public Policies in Latin America: From Legal and Policy Commitments to Actual Participatory Processes

27 Oct 2010 | Mini Series on Latin America
Even if a formal commitment expressed in legal frameworks exists, participation is not always easy to implement, and not all societies are used to open spaces for a broader participation. Camilla Gianelli raise some questions regarding the risk of adopting participatory mechanisms as a recipe.

The Lost Peace. Collective Land Titling, Natural Resources and Armed Conflict in the Colombian Pacific

30 Sep 2010 | Latin America Seminar
What is the relationship between the change in the structure of land ownership and the dynamics of armed conflict in the Columbian Pacific, and how is it related to the planting and exploitation of palm oil?

Transforming Identities and New Representations of Muslims in Contemporary Ethiopia

22 Sep 2010 | Workshop
Leading international scholars meet to discuss the transformation of Muslim identities and the production of new representations and imaginations of Islam and Muslims in Ethiopia.

Is Energy Nationalism a Problem in Latin America?

31 Aug 2010 | Debate
How do different models of ownership over natural resources affect poverty levels and social conflicts in Latin America? Who stand to gain and who stand to lose from nationalizing natural resources? And what do "natural resources" really mean for different groups in society?

New U4 Director

6 Apr 2010
CMI welcomes, Dr. Elizabeth (Liz) Hart, who is the new Director of the U4 Anti-Corruption Resource Centre (www.U4.no).

The Strange Alchemy of Life and Law

15 Mar 2010 | Literary Salon with Albie Sachs
Detained in solitary confinement, tortured, exiled and eventually blown up by a car bomb. From an early age Albie Sachs played a prominent part in the struggle for justice in South Africa.

Where Pathos Rules: The visual culture of the Resource Curse

15 Dec 2009 | CMISeminar
Owen Logan, a photographer and research fellow at the University of Aberdeen, works with the "Lives in the Oil Industry" and with the CMI project Flammable Societies - Studies on the Socio-Economics of Oil and Gas.

Does corruption reduce oil production?

14 Dec 2009 | Governing oil in developing country contexts:
Farouk Al-Kasim, "the Iraqi who saved Norway from oil", instrumental as he was in establishing the Norwegian Petroleum Administration and Directorate. Since 1991 he has advised developing countries on the organisation and regulation of their petroleum sector.

The Adventure Continues Abroad - Norway's role as an oil superpower

14 Oct 2009 | Panel debate
The discovery of oil in the North Sea in 1969 made Norway one of the richest countries in the world. Today, Norway secures this wealth for the future through extensive foreign operation and investment. Is Norway an arrogant neocolonial actor?

From curse to development: Natural resources, institutions and public revenues

8 Sep 2009 | International conference:
The discovery of oil or mineral resources has been associated with devastating political conflict and economic setbacks insted of sustainable economic growth and poverty alleviation. The Oslo conference is aimed at eliciting lessons learned from recent efforts to improve the management of natural resources in developing countries.