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Cleaning up oil spills barehanded

3 Mar 2016
An oil spill in Peru has left a trail of destruction. The company responsible for the oil spill offered indigenous people in the affected areas the equivalent of five NOK to clean up the mess barehanded.

Reporting back: Portraying people in the divided city of Maputo

1 Mar 2016
CMI researcher Inge Tvedten and his UiB colleague Bjørn Bertelsen took an unconventional grip in communicating their research project about people in Mozambique’s capital city Maputo. They let the Mozambican film company ANIMA go on an artistic spree with their research results. So far, more than 2000 people in the bairros have seen their film. This is one research project that will not just end up in a drawer.

The best way to tax natural resources

24 Nov 2015
-A 'good' natural resource tax regime is one that does not undermine - or strangle - the development of the ordinary tax system, says CMI researcher Odd-Helge Fjeldstad. Different segments of the tax system 'interfere' with each other. If the most resourceful companies and individuals do not contribute with tax revenue due to tax avoidance and exemptions, this will affect the taxpaying behaviour of others.

Steps to limit the endemic corruption around junior mining companies

4 Oct 2015
High environmental risks and questionable development outcomes characterise the mining industry. A myriad of small companies operate in competitive, high-risk, high-reward settings with weak institutions that fail to enforce regulations. Such conditions are highly conducive to corruption, violence, and environmental destruction.

How to prevent corruption in water management

24 Aug 2015
Corruption keeps people thirsty. It damages drinking supplies and sanitation and makes water inaccessible and unaffordable. Because dirty water can be deadly, cleaning up the water sector is a matter of life and death. Below is some advice for what donors can do to help prevent corruption in water management.

Multinational accounting firms: On both sides of the table

23 Jan 2015
Big accounting firms advice multinational companies on tax loopholes and lobby for tax exemptions. At the same time they advice governments in developing countries on tax reforms and engage in government task forces. A new research project delve deeper into the dual role of multinational accounting firms.

A tale of three cities

29 Sep 2014
Maputo has been depicted as a ‘divided city’. How do the people living there imagine and engage with the city’s different urban spaces? A CMI research project, culminating in the film 'Maputo emergente. Visualising an African divided city' to be made by the Mozambican film-company ANIMA, explores this issue.

Angola and Norway - the perfect partnership? Business, politics and the challenge of human rights

23 Sep 2014 | The Angola Conference 2014
LIVE STREAMING NOW Angola is Norway's "biggest and most important economic partner in Africa" says the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Does Norway's activity in Angola contribute to Angola's stability and development over time?

Natural Resource Management: The importance of good policy makers

30 Jun 2014
- Policy makers and their decisions matter much more than a supposed resource curse, says Ricardo Soares de Oliveira. As East Africa booms with oil, he urges international actors and donors to repoliticise the international reform and financial agenda.

Security in public spaces

29 Jan 2014 | Breakfast Forum

Is Dos Santos pushing his luck?

19 Dec 2013
While the Angolan president José Eduardo Dos Santos may be grooming his son to follow him as president, political opponents of his regime have been eliminated. This year he has spent long periods of time abroad. Meanwhile, the social crisis in the country increases in scope. The opposition is organising their strengths. Even in the president's own ranks, there are murmurs of discontent. Has Dos Santos gone too far?

Can Ghana withstand the resource curse?

26 Nov 2013
Ghana discovered oil in 2010. The country now produces 100 000 barrels a day, amounting to an income of 1 billion dollars a year. Are the country's institutions strong enough to withstand the resource curse? -Yes, says Inge Amundsen, senior researcher at the Chr. Michelsen Institute.

CSR in the Arab World: A mission impossible?

25 Feb 2013
CSR is on the rise in the Arab World, but the initiators find it difficult to root the concept beyond the ranks of state-owned enterprises and crony capitalists. - When CSR projects are initiated in Arab countries, they do not enter an empty void. Many businessmen have pre-existing conceptions of social responsibility, originated in Islam, says CMI-researcher Kjetil Selvik.

Emerging South powers in Africa: The West in retreat?

18 Dec 2012 | New book:
China, India, Brazil and South Africa have become major economic actors and players on the African continent. The role of the West and traditional development aid is rapidly changing. Has the emerging South powers' entry into the African continent changed the name of the game?

Angola: Growth, development & inequality - and what role for Norway?

4 Dec 2012 | Seminar
How is Angola transforming growth into development? How to balance benefits to Angola's citizens and foreign investors?

Building a taxpayer culture

4 Oct 2012 | Odd-Helge Fjeldstad's tax blog
The government's ability to collect taxes depends on people's and businesses' willingness to pay them. How do you convince them to pay their fair share?

Africa needs international tax regulations

17 Sep 2012
Developing countries could raise substantial domestic revenues by strengthening tax legislation and administration, but a lack of global regulations to address cross-border tax evasion is slowing down the process.

Assessing corruption risks critical for success of REDD

7 Sep 2012 | Op-ed
Learning the right lessons from past experiences with corruption in the forest sector is crucial to prevent broad undermining of REDD+.

Can corruption threaten REDD+?

29 Jun 2012
Norway has invested more money in the forest protection programme REDD+ than any other donor country. Corruption concerns have been widely raised when it comes to REDD+. Will Norwegian investments be in vain?

Tax builds countries: A window of opportunity for Angola

14 Jun 2012 | Odd-Helge Fjeldstad's tax blog:
There is political will to strengthen the tax system in Angola. If properly designed and implemented, the new tax system can improve the efficiency and responsiveness of the public sector. One of the main challenges, however, will be to convince the citizens of Angola about the value of paying taxes. This will require not only reforms, but a major cultural shift.

Africa loses big money on tax breaks

11 Jun 2012
Many African states could raise substantial tax revenues. Instead they race to offer foreign investors the most favorable tax treatment.

Why Bangladesh? Why Now? Prospects on the road towards middle income status Business opportunities for Norwegian companies

16 Apr 2012 | Bangladesh Frontier Forum
Bangladesh aims for middle-income status by 2021 and it is a measure of success that it is on track to achieve several of the Millennium Development Goals. Its increasingly active role on the global stage, present a range of opportunities for strengthened partnership between Norway and Bangladesh.

Gold over love: Making sense of corporate community development projects

27 Feb 2012
Corporate community development projects typically do not fail due to incompetence. They fail because promoting development is not their underlying objective. Making money is.

What is there to learn from Hugo Chavez?

26 Jan 2012
During the past decade, Venezuela has used revenue from the oil sector to reduce poverty and foster social development. Questions of social inequalities are high up on the political agenda, says Iselin Åsedotter Strønen.

Flammable societies?

24 Jan 2012
Despite the discovery of oil and gas, most countries rich in natural resources are still economically troubled and conflict-ridden. -Resources are not only tied to financial value, but also to social identity and cosmology. Current explanations of the resource curse fail to consider historical grievances and the significance of social territorialism, says John-Andrew McNeish in his newly published book Flammable Societies: Studies on the Socio-Economics of Oil and Gas.

What will two Norwegian ministers achieve in Angola?

21 Nov 2011
Angola suffers from gross inequality, widespread poverty and a reputation for authoritarianism and corruption. However, this does not scare off foreign investors. The former Portuguese colony is enormously rich in natural resources, and is a main destination for Norwegian investments in Africa.

Follow the money: Financial secrecy, international taxation and development

17 Oct 2011 | Seminar
Illegal money flows from developing countries exceeds development assistance. Tax havens are used to facilitate these illegal flows through money laundering, tax avoidance and tax evasion. Many of the major tax havens are European.

UNPAID DEBT: The Legacy of Lundin, Petronas and OMV in Sudan, 1997-2003

23 Jul 2010 | European Coalition on Oil in Sudan
With the report UNPAID DEBT, ECOS calls upon the oil companies Lundin Petroleum from Sweden, Petronas from Malaysia and Austria's OMV and their home governments to account for the injustices suffered by the victims of the oil wars in Block 5A.

Does corruption reduce oil production?

14 Dec 2009 | Governing oil in developing country contexts:
Farouk Al-Kasim, "the Iraqi who saved Norway from oil", instrumental as he was in establishing the Norwegian Petroleum Administration and Directorate. Since 1991 he has advised developing countries on the organisation and regulation of their petroleum sector.

Petromania and Caspian Energy Politics

31 Aug 2009 | New publications from Flammable Societies
A travel through the richest oil countries in the world and an analysis of Caspian energy politics.

Combating corruption and fraud in international development projects

29 Jan 2009 | Forum for Research on Corruption and Reform
W. Michael Kramer a leading expert in the investigation and civil prosecution of serious fraud and corruption cases, holds a brownbag lunch at CMI discussing corruption and fraud in international development projects.

Norwegian Firms and Business Climate Challenges in Brazil

28 Jun 2007 | New Project
What are the challenges on issues related to corruption and other illegal causes of unfair competition?

Jonas Gahr Støre visits CMI

8 Sep 2006
Tuesday 12 September, the Norwegian Minsiter of Foreign Affairs will visit CMI to discuss various development challenges and its implications for Norwegian foreign policy. On the agenda are topics such as aid and poverty, peacebuilding in post-conflict areas and Norwegian foreign policy in Africa with a particular focus on corruption in emergencies, corporate social responsibility for Norwegian oil companies, and the role of courts in new democracies.

When should companies exit a country where human rights are violated?

22 May 2006
A new CMI study "Should I stay or should I go!" will look into this question. When is it in the interest of a corporation to exit a repressive country? When do ethical considerations imply that a company should close down operations in a country?

Economic relations and democratic development in North Korea

10 May 2006
The dismal human rights situation in North Korea is commonly met by a call for economic sanctions by the international community. A different kind of approach would be to expand economic relations with North Korea to strengthen forces that would support a move towards more democracy.

Human Rights Forum

21 Mar 2006
CMI senior researcher Siri Lange: "Who are to represent local communities in land disputes with mining companies? Pastoralists and land rights under the new mining code in Tanzania"