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New research programme on the Sudan peace process

31 Oct 2005
"We will follow the political economy of the transition from war to peace and the role of third party engagement and issues related to the management and coordination of aid", says Gunnar M. Sørbø who will head the new four-year programme.

Globalisering og utvikling - etiske dilemmaer

22 Oct 2005
Globalisering og utvikling fører til sosiale, økonomiske og kulturelle endringer, og har etiske implikasjoner for menneskers liv, sier sosiolog og filosof Asencion St. Claire. Hvilke normative føringer ligger til grunn for tusenårsmålene? Hvilke etiske implikasjoner har etableringen av et globalt partnerskap for utvikling med mål for bistand, handel og gjeldsslette?

The Killing of Hariri

19 Oct 2005
This week, the UN-commission inquiring into the murder of Hariri are submitting their report to the UN Secretary General. Are Knudsen's new paper on Lebanon's fragile post-war decade, provides a detailed background to the attempts at rebuilding the country from war and the political events that culminated with the murder of Hariri.

Human Rights Forum: Warlords and Human Rights

18 Oct 2005
Can a peaceprocess be respected if "peacemaking forces" violate human rights? asks senior researcher and Afghan expert Dr. Arne Strand. In Afghanistan there is a deliberate neglect of human rights by the Afghan government and the UN and - certainly, by the Operation Enduring Freedom - in fear that the warlords would not accept inducement if they could be held accountable for past human rights atrocities.

Law, development and "the poor" in India

17 Oct 2005
Radha D'Souza, previously a lawyer and counsel at the High Court of Mumbai and currently teaching at the School of Law, University of Waikato, New Zealand gives a seminar at CMI focusing on public interest litigation, class action suits, constitutional and administrative law.

Nobels fredspris: Pris til de snille?

7 Oct 2005
- Jeg er redd for at Nobels fredspris skal bli en pris til dem som er litt snille, og som trenger en dytt for å bli enda snillere. Det tror jeg vil være uklokt, sier seniorforsker Arne Strand ved Chr. Michelsens Institutt (CMI) i Bergen, til NTB.

Changing Politics in Palestine

6 Oct 2005
Popular support to Hamas increases among Palestionians. Hamas's duality as "worshippers" and "warmongers" has made the organisation extraordinarily popular among dispossessed Palestinians and a mounting political challenge to the secular nationalism of the PLO.

Trygghet for hvem?

1 Oct 2005
Er Norge en krigførende eller en fredsbevarende part i Afghanistan? Er det den internasjonale eller den afghanske tryggheten som er prioritert? Afghanistan trenger fredsbevarendre styrker som opptrer med respekt og sensitivitet ovenfor Afghanerne, sier seniorforsker Arne Strand.

Competing Claims over a Presumed No Man's Land: the Agropastoral Tsamako Experience in Southwest Ethiopia

23 Sep 2005
Melesse Getu, Assistant Professor of Anthropology, Addis Ababa University, will discuss erosion of the legitimacy of customary property-rights systems and its convertion of common-property regimes into non-property regimes.

Makt, rett og demokrati

21 Sep 2005
Makt og demokratiutredningens sluttrapport hevder at rettsorganene overtar politikken. Hovedargumentet i dette kapitlet er at rettssystemet overtar mer og mer for de politiske organer. Rettssystemet både utformer politikk og legger begrensninger på handlingsrommet til de folkevalgte organer. Resultatet er en rettsliggjøring av politikken, samt en politisering av jussen.

Bonded Labour in Nepal: Empirical Evidence and Interventions

19 Sep 2005
Dr. Ramesh Chitrakar is currently a guest researhcer at CMI. Bonded labour or Kamaiya system is a kind of slavery system. The people in Nepal become bonded labour mainly because of the debt, popularly known as "Sauki". His Majesty 's Government of Nepal abolished the system and freed Kamaiyas on July 17, 2000 by writing off of their loan. However, just banning the system was not sufficient to improve the living conditions of the bonded labourers as Kamiyas are the landless-homeless people.

Conceptualizing the West in the 21st century

29 Aug 2005
What is the role of culture and identity in world politics. What role does civilizational identities and the concept of the West play? Jacinta O'Hagan is a Fellow in the Department of International Relations at the Australian National University in Canberra, Australia. She is interesetd in the evolution of the concept of humanitarianism and the practices associated with it.

Programme Director and Post-Doc Research Position

26 Aug 2005
To launch the new programme Politics of Faith, CMI is currently seeking a Programme Director for a period of 3 years with a possible 2-year extension, and a Post-Doc Researcher for a period of 3 years. The Programme Director will lead and develop the new research programme. The post-doc researcher will work with his/her own research project and develop the programme together with the Director.

Social Anthropologist

26 Aug 2005
CMI is currently seeking a researcher/social anthropologist for a full-time permanent position. The position is not linked to any particular research area or region. The new researcher will be a member of the social anthropology group (approx. 10 researchers).

Tribal Peoples, Nationalism and the Human Rights Challenge

19 Aug 2005
In her book on The Adivasis of Bangladesh, Senior researcher Tone Bleie brings together a discussion of minority and indigenous rights with a social science analysis of how ethnic discrimination impacts on poverty processes and outcomes. She argues that colonial and post-colonial states compulsively produce majorities and minorities, marginalizing minorities with scant citizenship rights.

Conceptualizing the West in the 21st century

19 Aug 2005
What is the role of culture and identity in world politics. What role does civilizational identities and the concept of the West play? Jacinta O'Hagan is a Fellow in the Department of International Relations at the Australian National University in Canberra, Australia. She is interested in the evolution of the concept of humanitarianism and the practices associated with it.

Would you like to be a Master's student at CMI?

5 Jul 2005
Are you working with development issues or human rights? Would you like to write your thesis at CMI? CMI offers a challenging and exciting research environment, the best specialised research library on development literature in Norway, and possibilities to participate in CMI projects.

Global Health and Development

5 Jul 2005
CMI launches a new research programme on Global Health and Development. Millions of people suffer and die from easily preventable diseases in developing countries. Malfunctioning health systems are at the heart of the problem. The goal of the programme is to increase the knowledge of how health systems in developing countries can be brought to deliver better health services.

Politics of Faith - New research programme at CMI

23 Jun 2005
The CMI Board of Directors is happy to announce the establishment of a new research programme at CMI which reintroduces research on religion - a task Christian Michelsen, CMI's founding father, called for in his will. Politics of Faith: Law, Political Institutionalization and Conflict

Changing Tides: Gender, Fisheries and Globalization

21 Jun 2005
In this edited volume, senior researcher Ragnhild Overaa writes about coastal women in Ghana in her essay When Sisters Become Competitors: Coastal Women's Innovative Utilization of Trawler By-Catch in Ghana. How do actors in "traditional" and "modern" systems of fishing interact? What economic and social changes occur in a local community as a result of women's entrepreneurship in relation to both systems?

First textbook on Malawian politics

21 Jun 2005
In early May 2005 researchers from Malawi and Norway met at a workshop on the shores of Lake Malawi to lay the foundation of a textbook on Government and Politics in Malawi for undergraduate students of political science. Once completed, the new textbook will fill a great gap as no comparable text with specific reference to Malawi is currently available.

The World Bank Group and the Private Sector

14 Jun 2005
The Norwegian Trust Fund for Private Sector and Infrastructure (NTF-PSI) provides grant resources for World Bank Group activities aimed at mainstreaming investment climate, governance and infrastructure services for the poor. Half of the funds are earmarked for Africa. In connection with a bi-annual meeting in June, CMI hosted a seminar on behalf of Norad, Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and CMI.

Peacebuilding and Post-War Aid

9 Jun 2005
Thw workshop examined factors shaping the implementation of peace agreements and the effects of strategies for social, economic and political (re-)construction after civil war. Participants came from universities and research organisations in Egypt, Norway, South Africa, Sweden, the UK and the US.

Nasjonalgaven til Chr. Michelsen tildeles Kristin Marie Bakke

6 Jun 2005
"Chr. Michelsen's gift to the nation" is an annual scholarship for a distinguished Norwegian scholar (Rest of the text in Norwegian). Årets stipend på kr. 50.000 tildeles Kristin Marie Bakke for doktorgradsprosjektet Federal Institutions and the Societies They Govern: How Can Decentralized Governance Contribute to Peace?

Human Rights in Development 2002

30 May 2005
Empowerment, participation, accountability and non-discrimination: Operationalising a human rights-based approach to development, is the theme of this year's volume. CMI researcher Hugo Stokke explores the boundaries of state responsibility in his essay "What is left of State Responsibility? Turning State Obligations into State Responsibility in the Field of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights.

American constitutional democracies

12 May 2005
In his new book, senior researcher Roberto Gargarella argues that many of the problems currently attributed to modern constitutional democracies, are not unfortunate "distortions" of a properly organized institutional design, but rather foreseeable effects of that framework.

Afghanistan: A Model for Peace Building? A Norwegian-German Conference

9 May 2005
What are the achievements and challenges of peace building in Afghanistan? The conference will cover issues such as the achivements and challenges of peace building in Afghanistan, forms of intervention, human security, security system reform and the military and regional security.

Human Rights in the War on Terror

4 May 2005
Richard Wilson, Gladstein Chair of Human Rights and Director of the Human Rights Institute, University of Connecticut discusses human rights after 9/11, What are the effects on human rights of the military actions and anti-terror legislation that constitutes the "war on terror", in the USA as well as globally?

Gender, Religion and Change in the Middle East

3 May 2005
The complicated link between women and religion in the Middle East has been a source of debate for centuries, and has special resonance today. Whether religion reinforces female oppression or provides opportunities for women - or a combination of both - depends on time, place and circumstance. This book seeks to contextualize women's roles within their religious traditions rather than through the lens of a dominant culture.

Political Corruption and Democracy- the Role of Development Assistance

3 May 2005
"Absolutely Spotless": Are Women Cleaner Public Actors than Men? asks CMI researcher Gisela Geisler in her essay. Geisler argues that the notion that women are less corrupt than men, and that more women reduce corruption and increases the efficiency of public spending and thus leads to poverty reduction, is the reverse of another older myth that kept women out of politics and public life.

Prospects for Peace on Sri Lanka

13 Apr 2005
Prof. S.K. Sitrampalam, Jaffna and Erik Solheim special peace envoy to Sri Lanka. The peace process in Sri Lanka is currently stuck. The tsunami put the peace process on hold. How can the peace process be put back on track? What new challenges and opportunities face the reconstruction and the peace process in Sri Lanka?

Språk og Identitet

18 Mar 2005
Salomonøyene er et lite land i Stillehavet med 500,000 innbyggere og 87 forskjelllige språk. Hvordan løser en integrering av lokale språk og kunnskapssystemer i skolevesenet, spør Edvard Hviding, UiB.

Peace-symposium on Sudan

15 Mar 2005
Minister of International Development, Hilde Frafjord Johnson, held the annual Chr. Michelsen lecture on the prospects of peace in Sudan, followed by a panel debate with renown international experts on Sudan, including CMI director Gunnar M. Sørbø and Iqbal Jhazbhay.

Valg mellom demokrati eller fattigdomsreduksjon?

25 Feb 2005
Siden 1990-tallet har Uganda vært en "stjerneelev" i bistandsmottaker-klassen. Når president Museveni nå gjør det klart at han ikke ønsker et flerpartisystem, rasler giverlandene med sablene og reduserer sin budsjettstøtte. Vil giverlandene fire på kravene om frie og uavhengige valg hvis Uganda fortsetter å fokusere på primærutdanning, helse og HIV/AIDS reduksjon? Kan demokrati ofres for andre mål spør Lise Rakner, CMI.

Democratization and the judiciary. The accountability function of courts in new democracies

15 Feb 2005
This volume examines the political role of courts in new democracies in Latin America and Africa. Are the courts able to hold political power-holders accountable when they act outside of their constitutionally defined powers? Given the hyper-presidential nature of these regimes, particular focus is on the ability of the courts to say "no" to the executive and make it stick.

The Resource Curse and the Politics of Development

11 Feb 2005
Does the possession of certain types of natural resource wealth undermine national economies and damage polities? Mick Moore has studied contemporary developing countries, focusing on the political consequences of resource rents. Mick Moore is Professor at the Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex.

Increased U4 Anti-Corruption activity

1 Feb 2005
CMI's biggest project, The Utstein Anti-Corruption Resource Centre (U4), embarks on a new and expanded Phase II on 1 February 2005. Two new countries, Canada and Sweden, have joined the project Norway, the U.K, the Netherlands and Germany started in 2002. The total budget for the new period will be £1 310 000.

Prospects for peace, security and human rights in Africa's Horn

1 Feb 2005
This book deals with the prospects for peaceful change, human rights and state-building in the Horn of Africa. There are few regions in the world that are more in need of peace and human security, yet prospects are threatened by numerous sources of conflict.

Corruption in Public Financial Management: Donor Perspectives

1 Feb 2005
The U4 Anti-Corruption Resource Centre has recently launched a new focus area on Public Financial Management (PFM). This workshop brings together experts and specialists from the U4 development agencies, practitioners and development researchers, to discuss the main challenges related to corruption and PFM.

Bistand og Korrupsjon

14 Jan 2005
Norge er en aktiv partner i den pågående grunnskolereformen i Tanzania. Målet er å bekjempe fattigdom ved å gi barna en bedre skolegang. Men når pengene fram? Og hvem bryr seg egentlig om hva som skjer på grunnplanet? Hvordan kan vi gjennom bistand skape et bedre samfunn for de fattigste i Tanzania? Bertil Tungodden, NHH, er nettopp kommet hjem fra ett års forskningopphold i Tanzania.