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Law, development and "the poor" in India

17 Oct 2005
Radha D'Souza, previously a lawyer and counsel at the High Court of Mumbai and currently teaching at the School of Law, University of Waikato, New Zealand gives a seminar at CMI focusing on public interest litigation, class action suits, constitutional and administrative law.

New U4 issue pages: Revenue administration and corruption

11 Oct 2005
How does corruption affect revenue collection? What are the consequences for development indicators such as growth and poverty? Odd Helge Fjeldstad explores the driving forces behind fiscal corruption, discussing major challenges, appropriate responses, and relevant tools for addressing corruption in revenue administrations.

Nobels fredspris: Pris til de snille?

7 Oct 2005
- Jeg er redd for at Nobels fredspris skal bli en pris til dem som er litt snille, og som trenger en dytt for å bli enda snillere. Det tror jeg vil være uklokt, sier seniorforsker Arne Strand ved Chr. Michelsens Institutt (CMI) i Bergen, til NTB.

Changing Politics in Palestine

6 Oct 2005
Popular support to Hamas increases among Palestionians. Hamas's duality as "worshippers" and "warmongers" has made the organisation extraordinarily popular among dispossessed Palestinians and a mounting political challenge to the secular nationalism of the PLO.

Trygghet for hvem?

1 Oct 2005
Er Norge en krigførende eller en fredsbevarende part i Afghanistan? Er det den internasjonale eller den afghanske tryggheten som er prioritert? Afghanistan trenger fredsbevarendre styrker som opptrer med respekt og sensitivitet ovenfor Afghanerne, sier seniorforsker Arne Strand.

Competing Claims over a Presumed No Man's Land: the Agropastoral Tsamako Experience in Southwest Ethiopia

23 Sep 2005
Melesse Getu, Assistant Professor of Anthropology, Addis Ababa University, will discuss erosion of the legitimacy of customary property-rights systems and its convertion of common-property regimes into non-property regimes.

New issue of CMINEWS

22 Sep 2005
There is a changing political system in Palestine. Political Islam (basically Hamas) has widened its constituency and become a major player in the Palestinian political field. Read more in CMIs newsletter CMINEWS

Makt, rett og demokrati

21 Sep 2005
Makt og demokratiutredningens sluttrapport hevder at rettsorganene overtar politikken. Hovedargumentet i dette kapitlet er at rettssystemet overtar mer og mer for de politiske organer. Rettssystemet både utformer politikk og legger begrensninger på handlingsrommet til de folkevalgte organer. Resultatet er en rettsliggjøring av politikken, samt en politisering av jussen.

Norges Bank's Research Prize to CMI researcher Espen Villanger

20 Sep 2005
Norges Bank awarded Espen Villanger for the best disseration in macroeconomics in Norway the last three years. His thesis represents an important contribution to development economics, says the committee in its evaluation. Villangers dissertation deals with poverty and economic mobility, and he proposes a new explanation for the failure of aid conditionality.

Bonded Labour in Nepal: Empirical Evidence and Interventions

19 Sep 2005
Dr. Ramesh Chitrakar is currently a guest researhcer at CMI. Bonded labour or Kamaiya system is a kind of slavery system. The people in Nepal become bonded labour mainly because of the debt, popularly known as "Sauki". His Majesty 's Government of Nepal abolished the system and freed Kamaiyas on July 17, 2000 by writing off of their loan. However, just banning the system was not sufficient to improve the living conditions of the bonded labourers as Kamiyas are the landless-homeless people.

Strengthening Supreme Audit Institutions

13 Sep 2005
Little is known about the actual functioning of Supreme Audit Institutions (SAIs) in developing countries: What can SAIs achieve? What effects do audit reports actually have? This CMIBRIEF presents main findings and policy implications from a study of SAIs in Malawi, Tanzania and Uganda.

Human Rights Forum

13 Sep 2005
Are Knudsen: Precarious peacebuilding: Post-war Lebanon 1990-2005

Conceptualizing the West in the 21st century

29 Aug 2005
What is the role of culture and identity in world politics. What role does civilizational identities and the concept of the West play? Jacinta O'Hagan is a Fellow in the Department of International Relations at the Australian National University in Canberra, Australia. She is interesetd in the evolution of the concept of humanitarianism and the practices associated with it.

Programme Director and Post-Doc Research Position

26 Aug 2005
To launch the new programme Politics of Faith, CMI is currently seeking a Programme Director for a period of 3 years with a possible 2-year extension, and a Post-Doc Researcher for a period of 3 years. The Programme Director will lead and develop the new research programme. The post-doc researcher will work with his/her own research project and develop the programme together with the Director.

Social Anthropologist

26 Aug 2005
CMI is currently seeking a researcher/social anthropologist for a full-time permanent position. The position is not linked to any particular research area or region. The new researcher will be a member of the social anthropology group (approx. 10 researchers).

Tribal Peoples, Nationalism and the Human Rights Challenge

19 Aug 2005
In her book on The Adivasis of Bangladesh, Senior researcher Tone Bleie brings together a discussion of minority and indigenous rights with a social science analysis of how ethnic discrimination impacts on poverty processes and outcomes. She argues that colonial and post-colonial states compulsively produce majorities and minorities, marginalizing minorities with scant citizenship rights.

Conceptualizing the West in the 21st century

19 Aug 2005
What is the role of culture and identity in world politics. What role does civilizational identities and the concept of the West play? Jacinta O'Hagan is a Fellow in the Department of International Relations at the Australian National University in Canberra, Australia. She is interested in the evolution of the concept of humanitarianism and the practices associated with it.

Would you like to be a Master's student at CMI?

5 Jul 2005
Are you working with development issues or human rights? Would you like to write your thesis at CMI? CMI offers a challenging and exciting research environment, the best specialised research library on development literature in Norway, and possibilities to participate in CMI projects.

Global Health and Development

5 Jul 2005
CMI launches a new research programme on Global Health and Development. Millions of people suffer and die from easily preventable diseases in developing countries. Malfunctioning health systems are at the heart of the problem. The goal of the programme is to increase the knowledge of how health systems in developing countries can be brought to deliver better health services.

Politics of Faith - New research programme at CMI

23 Jun 2005
The CMI Board of Directors is happy to announce the establishment of a new research programme at CMI which reintroduces research on religion - a task Christian Michelsen, CMI's founding father, called for in his will. Politics of Faith: Law, Political Institutionalization and Conflict

Changing Tides: Gender, Fisheries and Globalization

21 Jun 2005
In this edited volume, senior researcher Ragnhild Overaa writes about coastal women in Ghana in her essay When Sisters Become Competitors: Coastal Women's Innovative Utilization of Trawler By-Catch in Ghana. How do actors in "traditional" and "modern" systems of fishing interact? What economic and social changes occur in a local community as a result of women's entrepreneurship in relation to both systems?

First textbook on Malawian politics

21 Jun 2005
In early May 2005 researchers from Malawi and Norway met at a workshop on the shores of Lake Malawi to lay the foundation of a textbook on Government and Politics in Malawi for undergraduate students of political science. Once completed, the new textbook will fill a great gap as no comparable text with specific reference to Malawi is currently available.

The World Bank Group and the Private Sector

14 Jun 2005
The Norwegian Trust Fund for Private Sector and Infrastructure (NTF-PSI) provides grant resources for World Bank Group activities aimed at mainstreaming investment climate, governance and infrastructure services for the poor. Half of the funds are earmarked for Africa. In connection with a bi-annual meeting in June, CMI hosted a seminar on behalf of Norad, Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and CMI.

Peacebuilding and Post-War Aid

9 Jun 2005
Thw workshop examined factors shaping the implementation of peace agreements and the effects of strategies for social, economic and political (re-)construction after civil war. Participants came from universities and research organisations in Egypt, Norway, South Africa, Sweden, the UK and the US.

Nasjonalgaven til Chr. Michelsen tildeles Kristin Marie Bakke

6 Jun 2005
"Chr. Michelsen's gift to the nation" is an annual scholarship for a distinguished Norwegian scholar (Rest of the text in Norwegian). Årets stipend på kr. 50.000 tildeles Kristin Marie Bakke for doktorgradsprosjektet Federal Institutions and the Societies They Govern: How Can Decentralized Governance Contribute to Peace?

Human Rights in Development 2002

30 May 2005
Empowerment, participation, accountability and non-discrimination: Operationalising a human rights-based approach to development, is the theme of this year's volume. CMI researcher Hugo Stokke explores the boundaries of state responsibility in his essay "What is left of State Responsibility? Turning State Obligations into State Responsibility in the Field of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights.

Eddy Maloka: South Africa's Africa policy

27 May 2005
Dr. Eddy Maloka is the CEO of the Africa Institute of South Africa. Previously, he was adviser to the former premiers of Mpumalanga and Gauteng, and he has worked closely with president Mbeki. He has written extensively on political and developmental issues in Africa, including the history of the liberation struggle in South Africa. Recently he has also written about the Sudan Peace Process and Africa in the new Millennium.

American constitutional democracies

12 May 2005
In his new book, senior researcher Roberto Gargarella argues that many of the problems currently attributed to modern constitutional democracies, are not unfortunate "distortions" of a properly organized institutional design, but rather foreseeable effects of that framework.

Afghanistan: A Model for Peace Building? A Norwegian-German Conference

9 May 2005
What are the achievements and challenges of peace building in Afghanistan? The conference will cover issues such as the achivements and challenges of peace building in Afghanistan, forms of intervention, human security, security system reform and the military and regional security.

Human Rights in the War on Terror

4 May 2005
Richard Wilson, Gladstein Chair of Human Rights and Director of the Human Rights Institute, University of Connecticut discusses human rights after 9/11, What are the effects on human rights of the military actions and anti-terror legislation that constitutes the "war on terror", in the USA as well as globally?

Gender, Religion and Change in the Middle East

3 May 2005
The complicated link between women and religion in the Middle East has been a source of debate for centuries, and has special resonance today. Whether religion reinforces female oppression or provides opportunities for women - or a combination of both - depends on time, place and circumstance. This book seeks to contextualize women's roles within their religious traditions rather than through the lens of a dominant culture.

Political Corruption and Democracy- the Role of Development Assistance

3 May 2005
"Absolutely Spotless": Are Women Cleaner Public Actors than Men? asks CMI researcher Gisela Geisler in her essay. Geisler argues that the notion that women are less corrupt than men, and that more women reduce corruption and increases the efficiency of public spending and thus leads to poverty reduction, is the reverse of another older myth that kept women out of politics and public life.

Hvilke konsekvenser vil GATS få for land i Sør?

21 Apr 2005 | Kunnskapsformidling i en globalisert verden:
Hva vil fri markedsadgang for utenlandske utdanningsinstitusjoner ha å si for kompetanseutvikling i Sør? Vil utdanninger fra land i Sør ha mulighet til å bli kvalitetsgodkjent? Hva vil skje med forskningsbasert undervisning i Sør dersom internasjonale utdanningsinstitusjoner overtar undervisningen? Hva kan Norge gjøre for å påvirke forhandlingsmuligheten for land i Sør?

Why America's Top Pundits are Wrong

15 Apr 2005
Anthropologists talk back. The writing of popular commentators is often simplistic, culturally ill-informed, and politically dangerous. Mixing critical reflection with insights from their own fieldwork, twelve distinguished anthropologists offer fresh perspectives on topics such as globalization, ethnic violence, social justice. CMI senior researcher, Tone Bringa, writes about Robert Kaplan's Balkan Ghosts in her essay Haunted by the Imagination of the Past.

Roads to Reconciliation

14 Apr 2005
How do societies deal with a past characterized by gross human rights violations? What kinds of processes--judicial as well as non-judicial--are most likely to generate a sense of reconciliation? This is a new book edited by Elin Skaar, Siri Gloppen and Astri Suhrke comparing reconciliation processes in various countries.

Prospects for Peace on Sri Lanka

13 Apr 2005
Prof. S.K. Sitrampalam, Jaffna and Erik Solheim special peace envoy to Sri Lanka. The peace process in Sri Lanka is currently stuck. The tsunami put the peace process on hold. How can the peace process be put back on track? What new challenges and opportunities face the reconstruction and the peace process in Sri Lanka?

Språk og Identitet

18 Mar 2005
Salomonøyene er et lite land i Stillehavet med 500,000 innbyggere og 87 forskjelllige språk. Hvordan løser en integrering av lokale språk og kunnskapssystemer i skolevesenet, spør Edvard Hviding, UiB.

Writing Rights - Human Rights Research at CMI 1984-2004

15 Mar 2005
Human Rights has been and is an important area of research at CMI. This volume edited by Ivar Kolstad and Hugo Stokke presents 9 articles reflecting and capturing main themes: Challenges involved in promoting human rights and consolidating democracy in developing countries, the philosophical foundations of the human rights perspective and the position of social and economic rights, and ways in which to describe and deal with human rights violations.

Peace-symposium on Sudan

15 Mar 2005
Minister of International Development, Hilde Frafjord Johnson, held the annual Chr. Michelsen lecture on the prospects of peace in Sudan, followed by a panel debate with renown international experts on Sudan, including CMI director Gunnar M. Sørbø and Iqbal Jhazbhay.

Valg mellom demokrati eller fattigdomsreduksjon?

25 Feb 2005
Siden 1990-tallet har Uganda vært en "stjerneelev" i bistandsmottaker-klassen. Når president Museveni nå gjør det klart at han ikke ønsker et flerpartisystem, rasler giverlandene med sablene og reduserer sin budsjettstøtte. Vil giverlandene fire på kravene om frie og uavhengige valg hvis Uganda fortsetter å fokusere på primærutdanning, helse og HIV/AIDS reduksjon? Kan demokrati ofres for andre mål spør Lise Rakner, CMI.

Third Election in Uganda in 2006

17 Feb 2005
Ensuring that elected political leaders 'play by the rules' and act in accordance with their mandate without violating citizens' rights, is a key challenge for new democracies in sub-Saharan Africa. The project, led by research director Lise Rakner, will examine political developments in the period before, during and after the 2006 elections in Uganda. The project is a co-operation project with Makerere University.

Democratization and the judiciary. The accountability function of courts in new democracies

15 Feb 2005
This volume examines the political role of courts in new democracies in Latin America and Africa. Are the courts able to hold political power-holders accountable when they act outside of their constitutionally defined powers? Given the hyper-presidential nature of these regimes, particular focus is on the ability of the courts to say "no" to the executive and make it stick.

The Resource Curse and the Politics of Development

11 Feb 2005
Does the possession of certain types of natural resource wealth undermine national economies and damage polities? Mick Moore has studied contemporary developing countries, focusing on the political consequences of resource rents. Mick Moore is Professor at the Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex.

Increased U4 Anti-Corruption activity

1 Feb 2005
CMI's biggest project, The Utstein Anti-Corruption Resource Centre (U4), embarks on a new and expanded Phase II on 1 February 2005. Two new countries, Canada and Sweden, have joined the project Norway, the U.K, the Netherlands and Germany started in 2002. The total budget for the new period will be £1 310 000.

What's Trust Got to Do with It?

1 Feb 2005
A major financial problem in many municipalities in South Africa is inadequate collection of revenues, mainly due to widespread non-payment. However, huge variations in compliance exist both within (poor) communities and between communities that have quite similar socio-economic characteristics.

Prospects for peace, security and human rights in Africa's Horn

1 Feb 2005
This book deals with the prospects for peaceful change, human rights and state-building in the Horn of Africa. There are few regions in the world that are more in need of peace and human security, yet prospects are threatened by numerous sources of conflict.

Corruption in Public Financial Management: Donor Perspectives

1 Feb 2005
The U4 Anti-Corruption Resource Centre has recently launched a new focus area on Public Financial Management (PFM). This workshop brings together experts and specialists from the U4 development agencies, practitioners and development researchers, to discuss the main challenges related to corruption and PFM.

Evaluation of Aid to Afghanistan

31 Jan 2005
CMI has won a key joint-donor evaluation to assess post-Taliban humanitarian and reconstruction aid. The Danish Minsity of Foreign Affairs leads the evaluation on behalf of Sweden, U.K, Ireland and the Netherlands. CMI's Afghanistan expert Arne Strand will be team leader.