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Journal Article | forthcoming 2021

Legal Mobilization to Protect Women against Rape in Islamist Sudan

A popular uprising recently ousted Omar al-Bashir and his Islamist cronies from power after having ruled Sudan with an iron fist since 1989. Sexual abuse and torture orchestrated by the...
Liv Tønnessen and Samia al-Nagar (2021)
in Cahiers d'études africaines
Report in External Series | 2020

Implications of the COVID-19 pandemic for revenue generation in poor African countries

In the aftermath of the COVID-19 pandemic the need in poor countries in Africa for more revenues is obvious and growing - also because aid agencies are quite stingy in...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad and Ole Therkildsen (2020)
Copenhagen: Danish Institute for International Studies (DIIS Working Paper no. 13: 2020) 61 p.
Journal Article | 2020

European colonization and the corruption of local elites: the case of chiefs in Africa

The association between British colonial rule and lower levels of corruption is often emphasized in legal origins literature (La Porta et al., 2008). However, given the historical context of Africa, we hypothesize...
Merima Ali, Odd-Helge Fjeldstad and Abdulaziz Shifa (2020)
in Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization vol. 179 pp. 80-100
Journal Article | 2020

The non-oil tax reform in Angola: Escaping from petroleum dependency?

  Angola experienced an extraordinary oil boom between 2004 and 2014. During this period, oil revenue accounted for 80% of all government revenue. In 2011, the Government of Angola started implementing...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Aslak Orre and Francisco Paulo (2020)
in The Extractive Industries and Society vol. 7
U4 Issue | 2020

Downward accountability in humanitarian aid. The example of UNHCR Uganda

If aid organisations are accountable to their beneficiaries, there is potentially less risk of corruption. Interventions may also be more efficient and effective with accountability measures in place. Here researchers...
Sophie Komujuni, Saul Mullard (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2020:18)
Book Chapter | 2020

Accountability

Salla Turunen (2020)
in Antonio De Lauri: Humanitarianism: Keywords. Leiden: Brill pp. 1-3
U4 Practitioner Experience Note | 2020

Twenty years with anti-corruption. Part 10. Keeping the vision alive: new methods, new ambitions

The last 20 years has seen a solid international architecture established to fight corruption. However, the pace of progress has slowed in recent years. Two critical problems are that the...
Phil Mason OBE (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Practitioner Experience Note 2020:10)
Journal Article | 2020

Armed governance: the case of the CIA-supported Afghan militias

This article examines the genealogy and behavior of the CIA militias in Afghanistan against the backdrop of persistent armed governance whereby a plurality of actors competes over control and rule....
Antonio De Lauri, Astri Suhrke (2020)
in Small Wars and Insurgency
U4 Brief | 2020

Anti-corruption in Covid-19 preparedness and response. Mainstreaming integrity into pandemic plans and policies

Government pandemic response plans and policies do not give enough attention to anti-corruption and governance. Plans need to involve anti-corruption agencies from the start, as well as identifying and assessing...
Monica Kirya (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2020:8)
U4 Guide | 2020

Supporting civil society during the Covid-19 pandemic. The potentials of online collaborations for social accountability

There are significant corruption risks during times of crisis. Civil society has an important role to play in ensuring funds to tackle the Covid-19 pandemic reach their destination. Donors and...
Saul Mullard, Per Aarvik (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Guide 2020:1)
U4 Brief | 2020

Corruption in the time of COVID-19: A double-threat for low income countries

It is critical to continue a strong stance against corrupt practices during the response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Anti-corruption procedures and systems of accountability will ensure that development aid is...
Sarah Steingrüber, Monica Kirya, David Jackson, Saul Mullard (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2020:6)
U4 Issue | 2020

Incubating change-makers. Youth-driven innovative approaches to accountability in Nepal

Through their innovative ideas, an empowered youth have the potential to hold governments accountable and work towards the reduction of corruption. Incubator-type programmes can turn these ideas into solutions for...
Jenny Bentley, Saul Mullard (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2020:5)
Report in External Series | 2020

Blind Sides and Soft Spots – An Evaluation of Norway's Aid Engagement in South Sudan

The evaluation has looked at Norway's engagement in South Sudan during the period 2011-2018 (with a look back to 2005). The evaluation has assessed the effects of the total Norwegian...
Erik Bryld, Mareike Schomerus, Elling Tjønneland, Erik Toft, Brian C. D'Silva, Charlotte Bonnet, Animu Athiei (2020)
Oslo: Norad (Evaluation Reports no. Report 3/2020) 130 p.
CMI Brief | 2020

Everyday humanitarian diplomacy: Experiences from border areas

The term humanitarian diplomacy (HD) emerged in early 2000s. HD recognises the role of humanitarian actors when negotiating access, assistance and protection for civilians in situations of extreme insecurity and...
Cristina Churruca Muguruza (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2020:2) 4 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2020

The UAE’s Humanitarian Diplomacy: Claiming State Sovereignty, Regional Leverage and International Recognition

The United Arab Emirates (UAE) became the world’s third-largest donor of humanitarian aid relative to Gross National Income in 2016. The country was among the top five humanitarian assistance state-donors...
Deniz Gökalp (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2020:1) 11 p.
U4 Issue | 2020

Overcoming the pitfalls of engaging communities in anti-corruption programmes

Effective engagement by communities is a crucial strategy for anti-corruption initiatives. However, encouraging involvement and civic-mindedness at a local level can present challenges for donors and practitioners. Trust, the sense...
Petra Burai (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2020:3)
U4 Issue | 2020

Using legal empowerment to curb corruption and advance accountability

Legal empowerment refers to the use of laws and rights to increase relatively powerless populations’ control over their lives. A growing field, it overlaps with social accountability but emphasises laws...
Stephen Golub (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2020:4)
U4 Brief | 2020

Networks of anti-corruption authorities. Living up to their aspirations?

Networks of anti-corruption authorities pursue cross-border collaboration and joint capacity building, and sometimes even joint principles, joint policy making, and harmonization of national laws. Information about these activities and their...
Sofie Arjon Schütte (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2020:2)
U4 Brief | 2020

Procedural fairness for curbing corruption. Taking bureaucratic decision-making out of the shadows

The wide discretionary powers of bureaucrats can undermine their impartiality, and result in decisions being made that are tainted by bias or have violated due process. Such opportunities for illegal,...
Migai Akech, Monica Kirya (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2020:04)
U4 Brief | 2020

Procedural fairness for curbing corruption. Taking bureaucratic decision-making out of the shadows

The wide discretionary powers of bureaucrats can undermine their impartiality, and result in decisions being made that are tainted by bias or have violated due process. Such opportunities for illegal,...
Migai Akech, Monica Kirya (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2020:4)