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CMI Working Paper | Jun 2020

Preparing to leave? Household mobility decisions in climate affected areas of coastal Bangladesh

Abstract We present unique survey data on the migration predictions of 400 households in two extremely climate exposed unions of coastal Bangladesh. We have four main findings. First, despite having prospects...
Arne Wiig, Minhaj Mahmud, Ivar Kolstad, Päivi Lujala, Sosina Bezu (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2020:04) 33 p.
U4 Practitioner Experience Note | Jun 2020

Twenty years with anti-corruption. Part 6. The end game: asset recovery and return – an unfinished agenda

The tracing, confiscation, and return of stolen funds is the final part of the anti-corruption journey. Successful recoveries and returns are crucial if ‘returner’ and ‘receiver’ countries are to be...
Phil Mason OBE (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Practitioner Experience Note 2020:6)
CMI Working Paper | Feb 2020

A place-based framework for assessing resettlement capacity in the context of climate change induced displacement

Place-based resettlement capacity assessments to identify potential resettlement places for climate migrants are needed to guide climate change related resettlement programs. The authors propose and validate a conceptual climate change...
Solomon Zena Walelign, Päivi Lujala (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2020:3) 46 p.
U4 Issue | 2019

Asset recovery and illicit financial flows from a developmental perspective: Concepts, scope, and potential

The transfer abroad of assets acquired through corruption deprives developing countries of their domestic resources. Asset recovery offers a path to repatriate ill-gotten gains, but the amounts recovered pale in...
Mathis Lohaus (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2019:12)
CMI Working Paper | 2019

Crop market participation among smallholder farmers in Tanzania

This paper assesses determinants of crop market participation among smallholder farmers in Tanzania, with a focus on transaction cost, asset endowment and cooperatives. The study is based on household survey...
Sosina Bezu and Espen Villanger (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2010:1)
CMI Insight | 2019

Zambia’s looming debt crisis – is China to blame?

Is China pressuring poor countries with debt? Debt trap diplomacy is a recent term that is used to describe Chinese loans for infrastructure and development in developing countries. Zambia is...
Arve Ofstad, Elling Tjønneland (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Insight 2019:01)
U4 Guide | 2019

UNCAC in a nutshell 2019. A quick guide to the United Nations Convention against Corruption for donor agency and embassy staff

This guide provides an overview of the anti-corruption provisions of the UNCAC, covering criminalisation and preventive measures, international cooperation and asset recovery, as well as the Convention's implementation review mechanism....
Hannes Hechler, Mathias Huter, Ruggero Scaturro (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Guide 2019:2)
Journal Article | 2019

Exchange asymmetries in productive assets: Tools, fertilizer or cash?

Exchange asymmetries in individual decision-making have attracted substantial attention from economists since Thaler (1980) referred to the phenomenon that losses are weighted more heavily than gains as an “endowment effect”...
Stein Terje Holden,Sosina Bezu (2019)
in World Development vol. 115 pp. 269-278
U4 Brief | 2018

The promise and perils of data for anti-corruption efforts in international development work

Big and open data sources can empower development practitioners and aid recipients to reduce the harmful effects of corruption in development. Data on public procurement, campaign contributions, asset disclosure and...
Daniel Berliner, Kendra Dupuy (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2018:7)
Report in External Series | 2018

Non-formal girls’ life skills programming Implications for policy and practice

Research in developing countries demonstrates the importance of life skills for improving a range of outcomes for adolescent girls. These outcomes include improved psychosocial and mental health (e.g., emotional resilience,...
Christina Kwauk, Amanda Braga, Helyn Kim, Kendra Dupuy, Sosina Bezu, Are Knudsen (2018)
NW Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution (POLICY BRIEF) 12 p.
U4 Brief | 2017

Proxy indicators for the corrupt misuse of corporations

Winners of the U4 Proxy Challenge 2016 We need more imaginative ways of addressing corruption. It is important to generate indicators that development agencies can use. U4 and DFID developed a...
Mihály Fazekas, Bence Tóth (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2017:6)
Edited Book | 2017

Civil-military relations in Lebanon: Conflict, cohesion and confessionalism in a divided society

First book to examine civil-military relations in post-Arab Spring Lebanon This volume examines Lebanon’s post-2011 security dilemmas and the tenuous civil-military relations. The Syrian civil war has strained the Lebanese Armed...
Are John Knudsen and Tine Gade (2017)
Palgrave Macmillan 155 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2017

Beneficial openness? Weighing the costs and benefits of financial transparency

Public financial transparency is increasingly advocated as a solution to concerns over legal tax planning by multinational corporations, and illegal tax evasion, fraud and money laundering. Caution is warranted since...
Maya Forstater (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2017:3) 36 p.
U4 Practitioner Experience Note | 2017

Transforming Brazil’s anti-corruption record – Interview with Dr. Sílvio Antonio Marques

As the richest state in Brazil, São Paulo has experienced its share of abuse of public office. However, it has also had some successful experiences with investigating, prosecuting, and recovering...
Alessandra Fontana, Sílvio Antonio Marques (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Practitioner Experience Note 2017:2)
Book Chapter | 2017

The Lebanese Armed Forces (LAF): A united army for a divided country?

Multi-confessional armies are often seen as being weak and prone to disintegration. The Lebanese Armed Forces (LAF) is a case in point. From its inception it was formed as a...
Are John Knudsen and Tine Gade (2017)
in Are John Knudsen and Tine Gade: Civil-Military Relations in Lebanon. London: PalgraveMacmillan pp. 1-22
Sudan Working Paper | 2016

Cross-border trade in the war areas of the Sudans: Smuggling or a form of cooperation?

After the war broke out again in the border areas between the Sudans, a trading pattern known earlier as the “peace markets” reemerged. In contrast to previous attempts to use...
Dr. Ahmed Elhassab, Omer Mohammad Elhassab, Dr. Espen Villanger (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2016:8) 20 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2016

The Armed Forces and the Economy in Latin America: Contemporary Trends and Implications for Civil-Military Relations.

This paper examines several cases of military economic activities that persist in Latin America, despite the political and economic liberalization processes that have been under way in the region for...
Kristina Mani (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2016:08) 28 p.
Report in External Series | 2016

Country Evaluation Brief: South Sudan

While the international community is primarily concerned with trying to restore stability and providing protection and relief to an increasing number of people in South Sudan, evaluations of past development...
Gunnar M. Sørbø, Mareike Schomerus, Lovise Aalen (2016)
Oslo: Norad (Country Evaluation Briefs no. 6) 38 p.
CMI Insight | 2016

Illicit Flows and Trade Misinvoicing: Are we looking under the wrong lamppost?

Illicit financial flows (IFFs) have become a high profile issue in recent years. The Sustainable Development Goals include a target (16.4: significantly reduce illicit financial and arms flows, strengthen the...
Maya Forstater (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Insight no. 5) 8 p.
U4 Issue | 2016

Corruption and state-backed debts in Mozambique: What can external actors do?

The average annual cost of corruption to Mozambique was recently estimated to be up to USD 4.9 billion for the period 2004-2014. Some analysts have entertained the idea that investments in...
David Aled Williams, Jan Isaksen (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2016:6) 24 p