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Book Chapter | forthcoming 2021

Sudanese Women’s Demands for Freedom, Peace, and Justice in the 2019 Revolution

This chapter aims to understand why women were so visibly involved in the most recent revolution and how it relates to their struggles for peace, justice, and freedom during the...
Samia al-Nagar and Liv Tønnessen (2021)
in Ladan Affi, Liv Tønnessen and Aili tripp: Women and Peacebuilding in Africa. James Currey
Edited Book | forthcoming 2021

Women and Peacebuilding in Africa

Even in the best of circumstances, women are all too often excluded from formal peacemaking and peacebuilding processes and relegated to the sidelines as observers or limited to informal peacebuilding...
Ladan Affi, Liv Tønnessen and Aili Tripp (2021)
James Currey (African issues vol. 47) 240 p.
Journal Article | forthcoming 2021

Legal Mobilization to Protect Women against Rape in Islamist Sudan

A popular uprising recently ousted Omar al-Bashir and his Islamist cronies from power after having ruled Sudan with an iron fist since 1989. Sexual abuse and torture orchestrated by the...
Liv Tønnessen and Samia al-Nagar (2021)
in Cahiers d'études africaines
U4 Brief | Feb 2021

Curbing grand corruption in ethnically plural societies. The role of corporate responsibility

Under what circumstances can firms favourably contribute to curbing grand corruption in ethnically plural societies? It can be argued that the most practical and strategic entry point is through small...
Duane Edwards (2021)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2021:1)
Journal Article | Jan 2021

Justifiable energy injustices? Exploring institutionalised corruption and electricity sector “problem-solving” in Ghana and Kenya

The persistence of corruption amid intensified anti-corruption initiatives suggests that entitlement notions underpinning involvement in corrupt practices deserve greater attention. Recent evidence from Africa’s energy sector emphasises the functionality of...
Festus Boamah, David Aled Williams, Joana Afful (2021)
in Energy Research and Social Science vol. 73
Journal Article | Jan 2021

Sur les routes de Kigali : évolution des pratiques de petite corruption

The fight against corruption increased the informal privatization of the managementof the road transport sector in Rwanda, to the benefit of transport cooperatives, whichreplaced traffic police. This interweaving of formal...
Guillaume Nicaise (2021)
in Politique Africaine no. 160 pp. pp. 87- 112
Journal Article | 2020

Too big to fault? Effects of the 2010 Nobel Peace Prize on Norwegian exports to China and foreign policy

In October 2010, the Norwegian Nobel Committee awarded the Nobel peace prize to Chinese dissident Liu Xiaobo. The Chinese government responded by freezing political and economic relations with Norway, introducing...
Ivar Kolstad (2020)
in International Political Science Review vol. 41 no. 2 pp. 207-223
U4 Brief | 2020

Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in a context of nationalist oligarchy: Lessons from Indonesia

Thinking and working politically is often viewed as crucial for anti-corruption reform efforts in resource sectors. But what happens when it does not play a central role? Lessons from REDD+...
David Aled Williams (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2020:13)
Journal Article | 2020

¿Y la salud intercultural?: Lecciones desde la pandemia que no debemos olvidar(What about intercultural health?: Lessons from the pandemic that we should not forget, E a saúde intercultural: lições da pandemia que não devemos esquecer)

Those of us who work in indigenous health know that it is very common for Indigenous People or peasants to be represented as guilty for their health problems. Such representations...
Maria Amalia Pesantes,Camila Gianella (2020)
in Mundo Amazónico vol. 11 no. 2 pp. 93-110
CMI Working Paper | 2020

Comparing legal activism in Zimbabwe and Zambia

Battles over democracy are manifested in contestations over legal frameworks and within judicial institutions. Lawfare refers to the strategic use of law and legal institutions by actors in civil and...
O'Brien Kaaba, Marja Hinfelaar, Tony Zhou (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2020:5) 30 p.
Report in External Series | 2020

Evaluation of Norway’s Engagement in Somalia 2012–2018

The purpose of this evaluation commissioned by Norad's evaluation department is to draw lessons from Norway's involvement over time in a country affected by conflict. Somalia is one of the...
Erik Bryld, Charlotte Bonnet, Christine Kamau, Mohamed S Mohamud, Abdikadir Osman, Joar Svanemyr, Elling Tjønneland, Simon White (2020)
Oslo: Norad (Evaluation Department Reports no. 7/2020) 122 + 78 p.
Book Chapter | 2020

Corruption in customs: How can it be tackled?

This chapter examines recent experiences in combating corruption in customs administration in developing countries. There is no lack of measures, norms, standards or ‘best practices’ to address corruption. Although development...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Ernani Checcucci Filho and Gaël Raballand (2020)
in World Bank (2020): Enhancing Government Effectiveness and Transparency: The Fight Against Corruption. Washington D.C.
Sudan Brief | 2020

COVID-19 and the urgent need to protect Sudanese women against violence

Three decades of Islamist rule institutionalized a culture of violence against women in Sudan. The COVID-19 pandemic and state instructed lockdown has led to an acute situation for many Sudanese...
Samia al-Nagar, Liv Tønnessen (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Brief 2020:5) 4 p.
Journal Article | 2020

Fighting Wildlife Trafficking: An Overview of the EU’s Implementation of Its Action Plan Against Wildlife Trafficking

Illegal wildlife trade is one of the most profitable criminal activities. Illegal wildlife usually comes from African and Asian countries, with destination countries including China, Malaysia, Vietnam, and Singapore. However,...
Sophie Lemaître; Nathalie Hervé-Fournereau (2020)
in Journal of International Wildlife Law & Policy vol. 23 no. 1 pp. 62-81
CMI Report | 2020

Literature Review: Democracy and Human Rights in contemporary Latin America (2015-2020) Trends, challenges, and prospects

Abstract Through a review of scholarly and other well-informed articles as well as media reports, this CMI Report aims to summarize discussions on challenges for democracy and human rights in Latin...
Vegard Bye, Dr.philos, CMI Affiliated Researcher, Senior Partner Scanteam Peder Østebø, M.A., Graduate Research Fellow, NUPI (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2020:01)
Journal Article | 2020

Armed governance: the case of the CIA-supported Afghan militias

This article examines the genealogy and behavior of the CIA militias in Afghanistan against the backdrop of persistent armed governance whereby a plurality of actors competes over control and rule....
Antonio De Lauri, Astri Suhrke (2020)
in Small Wars and Insurgency
Journal Article | 2020

Spousal disagreement in reporting of intimate partner violence in Kenya

We investigate differences in spousal reports of intimate partner violence (IPV) against women and men using a sample of 800 couples in rural Kenya. We find that up to one-third...
Johannes Haushofer, Charlotte Ringdal, Jeremy Shapiro, and Xiao Yu Wang (2020)
in AEA Papers and Proceedings vol. 110 pp. 620-24
U4 Practitioner Experience Note | 2020

Twenty years with anti-corruption. Part 3. The international journey – from ambition to ambivalence

The UN Convention against Corruption is an instrument that changed the face of the global corruption dialogue. It created agreement on what corruption is, the damage it causes, and the...
Phil Mason OBE (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Practitioner Experience Note 2020:3)
U4 Brief | 2020

Corruption in the time of COVID-19: A double-threat for low income countries

It is critical to continue a strong stance against corrupt practices during the response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Anti-corruption procedures and systems of accountability will ensure that development aid is...
Sarah Steingrüber, Monica Kirya, David Jackson, Saul Mullard (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2020:6)
CMI Brief | 2020

Candidate selection and informal soft quotas for women: Insights from Zambia

What does it take for a female politician to win a party nomination? We still know little about women’s entry into politics in countries without formal gender quotas. Using data...
Vibeke Wang, Ragnhild L. Muriaas (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2020:1) 4 p.