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CMI Working Paper | Jun 2020

Preparing to leave? Household mobility decisions in climate affected areas of coastal Bangladesh

Abstract We present unique survey data on the migration predictions of 400 households in two extremely climate exposed unions of coastal Bangladesh. We have four main findings. First, despite having prospects...
Arne Wiig, Minhaj Mahmud, Ivar Kolstad, Päivi Lujala, Sosina Bezu (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2020:04) 33 p.
CMI Working Paper | Feb 2020

How do host–migrant proximities shape attitudes toward internal climate migrants?

Countries in Latin America, Asia, and Africa exposed to the environmental consequences of climate change are predicted to see voluntary and forced internal migration on an unprecedented scale in the...
Päivi Lujala, Sosina Bezu, Ivar Kolstad, Minhaj Mahmud, Arne Wiig (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2020:2)
CMI Working Paper | 2019

Does changing the narrative improve host community attitudes to climate migrants? Experimental evidence from Bangladesh

A number of studies suggest that our narratives about the situation of the poor and vulnerable affect how we view them and treat them. Theoretically, a potentially powerful way to...
Ivar Kolstad, Sosina Bezu, Päivi Lujala, Minhaj Mahmud, and Arne Wiig (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2019:3) 25 p.
Newspaper Op-Ed | 2018

Mujib dynasty retains control in Bangladesh

Across South Asia political dynasties are generally in decline. The Nehru-Gandhi dynasty of the Indian Congress Party and the Bhutto clan of the Pakistan People's Party are both deteriorating. But...
Inge Amundsen (2018)
East Asia Forum (Canberra, Australia ) 10.08.2018
Newspaper Op-Ed | 2018

The ruins of Bangladesh’s LGBT community

What was once a fledgling lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) community in the Bangladeshi capital of Dhaka is now destroyed. In 2014 and 2015 the Bangladeshi gay scene was...
Inge Amundsen (2018)
East Asia Forum, Australia 23.03.2018
Newspaper Op-Ed | 2018

Democracy decaying in Bangladesh

Bangladesh has taken yet another turn on its downwards spiral from democracy to authoritarianism. On 8 February 2018, a Bangladeshi judge convicted opposition leader Khaleda Zia — the nation’s former...
Inge Amundsen (2018)
East Asia Forum, 6 March 2018
CMI Report | 2018

Has recent political unrest affected garment exports from Bangladesh?

According to the World Bank, political unrest in Bangladesh in the first part of 2015 resulted in a loss of 1% of GDP.[1] A previous study by UNDP (2005) estimated...
Arne Wiig (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2018:02) 21 p.
U4 Issue | 2016

Specialised anti-corruption courts: A comparative mapping

Frustration with the capacity of the ordinary machinery of justice to deal adequately with corruption has prompted many countries to develop specialised anti-corruption institutions. While anti-corruption agencies with investigative and/or...
Sofie Arjon Schütte, Matthew C. Stephenson (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2016:7) 28 p
Journal Article | 2016

Does democracy reduce corruption?

While democracy is commonly believed to reduce corruption, there are obvious endogeneity problems in measuring the impact of democracy on corruption. This paper attempts to address the endogeneity of democracy...
Ivar Kolstad and Arne Wiig (2016)
in Democratization vol. 23 no. 7 pp. 1198-1215
Journal Article | 2016

Democratic Dynasties? Internal Party Democracy in Bangladesh

First of all, this paper explores the rationale for internal party democracy, highlighting the ‘school for democracy’ argument. Second, it identifies three crucial processes as determinants for the level of...
Inge Amundsen (2016)
in Party Politics vol. 22 no. 1 pp. 49-58
Newspaper Op-Ed | 2015

Farvel ekstrem fattigdom

Det er overraskande kor lite me eigentleg veit om å overvinne fattigdom etter femti år med utviklingsforsking. Etter kva rykta seier, vart FNs tusenårsmål teikna opp på ein serviett over ein...
Magnus Hatlebakk (2015)
Bergens Tidende 24.09.15
U4 Brief | 2015

Controlling corruption through e-governance: Case evidence from Bangladesh

E-governance is gaining popularity as a tool for improved public service delivery in developing countries. It is often argued e-governance reduces corruption risks through improving monitoring of public officials and...
Baniamin Hasan Muhammad (2015)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2015:5) 4 p.
Report in External Series | 2014

Political Parties in Bangladesh

This study provides an overview of the evolution of political parties since the birth of Bangladesh. It analyses and compares the ideology, organisational structure, leadership and support base of four...
Rounaq Jahan (2014)
Dhaka: Centre for Policy Dialogue (CPD) and Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI) (CPD-CMI Working Paper series no. WP 2014:8)
Journal Article | 2014

Returns to education among entrepreneurs in Bangladesh

This article estimates returns to education among entrepreneurs in Bangladesh, using unique survey data from 2012. Our main instrument for education is the education of the father of the entrepreneur,...
Ivar Kolstad, Arne Wiig and Khondaker Golam Moazzem (2014)
in Journal of Asian Economics vol. 34 pp. 54-65
Journal Article | 2014

Enhancing Public Service Ethics in Bangladesh: Dilemmas and Deterrents

There may be many factors that diminish or destroy trust in governmental institutions. However, none may destroy trust easier or faster than unethical behavior or blatant corruption by public officials....
Pan-Suk Kim, Mobasser Monem, Hasan Muhammad Baniamin (2014)
in pp. 95-130
CMI Brief | 2014

Fiscal decentralisation in developing countries: Lessons for Bangladesh

There is an ongoing debate in Bangladesh in civil society and among policymakers, whether the country should move from a highly centralised unitary state to a more devolved entity. Demand...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad (2014)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 13 no. 2) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2014

Expanding foreign investment in the energy sector: Challenges and risks for Bangladesh?

Our recent research indicates that increased corruption brings increased foreign direct investment (FDI) in the extractive industries. Moreover, corruption has no effect on FDI in the energy provision industries. This...
Arne Wiig, Ivar Kolstad (2014)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 13 no. 4) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2014

One man, one bribe? The effect of democracy on corruption

Quantitative studies show that democracy reduces corruption. This implies that building a well-functioning democracy should remain part of an anti-corruption approach. This policy brief takes a critical look at the...
Arne Wiig, Ivar Kolstad (2014)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 13 no. 3) 4 p.
Book Chapter | 2014

Courts, Corruption and Judicial Independence

A well-functioning justice system is crucial to address corruption effectively, which in turn is important for development. But judicial institutions are themselves corruptible. Surveys show that experiences with and perceptions...
Siri Gloppen (2014)
in Tina Søreide, Aled Williams: Corruption, Grabbing and Development: Real World Challenges . Cheltenham and Northampton (MA): Edward Elgar Publishing
U4 Brief | 2014

Mitigating corruption in informal justice systems: NGO experiences in Bangladesh and Sierra Leone

Informal justice systems are the principal mechanism for dispute resolution in many societies, but they suffer from two drawbacks. First, in individual cases, well-off and/or well-connected individuals may engage in transactional corruption,...
Stephen Golub (2014)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2014:1) 4 p.