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Journal Article | Dec 2019

Too big to fault? Effects of the 2010 Nobel Peace Prize on Norwegian exports to China and foreign policy

In October 2010, the Norwegian Nobel Committee awarded the Nobel peace prize to Chinese dissident Liu Xiaobo. The Chinese government responded by freezing political and economic relations with Norway, introducing...
Ivar Kolstad (2019)
in International Political Science Review
Journal Article | Nov 2019

Acceptability of an economic support component to reduce early pregnancy and school dropout in Zambia: a qualitative case study

Background: Cash Transfer (CT) schemes have become popular poverty reducing measures in many low and middle-income countries. Research indicates that when provided to girls in resource poor settings, cash transfers...
Emmanuel Banda, Joar Svanemyr, Ingvild Fossgard Sandøy, Isabel Goicolea & Joseph Mumba Zulu (2019)
in Global Health Action vol. 12 no. 1
Book Chapter | Nov 2019

Stuck in Transition: Political Corruption as Power Abuse

The final chapter summarises some of the findings of the previous country analyses, against the background of the conceptual pair of extractive and power-preserving political corruption. It is argued that...
Inge Amundsen (2019)
in Inge Amundsen (ed.): Political Corruption in Africa. Extraction and Power Preservation. Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishers Ltd.
Journal Article | Jul 2019

The Taliban and the humanitarian soldier: Configurations of freedom and humanity in Afghanistan

Humanitarian wars are a primary means of globally affirming a specific model of humanity, built according to the cultural, moral, and economic standards of Western democracies. How are forms of humanity...
Antonio De Lauri (2019)
in Anuac vol. 8 no. 1 pp. 31-57
Journal Article | Jul 2019

Polygynous Neighbors, Excess Men, and Intergroup Conflict in Rural Africa

We argue that polygyny creates a social imbalance where few, economically well-off men marry many wives and many poor men marry late or never. By definition, polygyny produces what we...
Carlo Koos, Clara Neupert-Wentz (2019)
in Journal of Conflict Resolution
Journal Article | Jun 2019

Adolescent pregnancy and social norms in Zambia

Early pregnancy occurs frequently in Zambia and is considered a public health issue. The aim of this study was to improve understanding of how gendered sexual norms make young unmarried...
Joar Svanemyr (2019)
in Culture, Health & Sexuality
Journal Article | Jun 2019

Women at work in Sudan: Marital privilege or constitutional right

This article explores how working women in Sudan's capital negotiate legal constraints placing them under the guardianship of their husbands, imposing strict public dress and behavioral codes upon them, and...
Liv Tønnessen (2019)
in Social Politics: International Studies in Gender, State & Society vol. 26 no. 2 pp. 223-244
U4 Issue | Jun 2019

China and global integrity-building: Challenges and prospects for engagement

Due to its economic weight and an increasingly active outreach towards developing countries under the framework of "South-South Cooperation", the People's Republic of China's (PRC) global footprint has become such...
Bertram Lang (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2019:7)
CMI Report | May 2019

Turkish foreign policy: structures and decision-making processes

On 16 April 2017 Turkish voters went to the polls to deliver their verdict on a set of constitutional amendments that would replace the existing parliamentary system with that of...
Siri Neset, Chr. Michelsen Institute, Mustafa Aydın, Kadir Has University, Hasret Dikici Bilgin, Istanbul Bilgi University, Metin Gürcan, Episteme Turkey, Arne Strand, Chr. Michelsen Institute (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2019:3)
CMI Brief | May 2019

Petroleum’s potential impact on future state-society relations in Tanzania

Tanzanian citizens continue to have high expectations about the benefits that the country’s emerging petroleum sector will provide them with, yet they possess low knowledge about the sector. Policy makers...
Kendra Dupuy, Lucas Katera (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2019:03) 4 p.
CMI Brief | May 2019

Civil society’s role in petroleum sector governance: The case of Tanzania

Good governance in the management of natural resources is now recognized by scholars and policy makers as key to ensuring that countries can prevent and escape the resource curse and...
Kendra Dupuy, Lise Rakner, Lucas Katera (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2019:02) 4 p.
Journal Article | May 2019

Elite behaviour and citizen mobilization

This paper studies the relation between self-serving elite behaviour and citizen political participation. We use a fixed effects approach to analyze the association between portfolio investment in tax havens and...
Ivar Kolstad and Arne Wiig (2019)
in European Journal of Political Research
Journal Article | Apr 2019

Colonial legacy, state building and the salience of ethnicity in Sub-Saharan Africa

African colonial history suggests that British colonial rule may have undermined state centralisation due to legacies of ethnic segregation and stronger executive constraints. Using micro-data from anglophone and francophone countries...
Merima Ali, Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Boqian Jiang and Abdulaziz Shifa (2019)
in The Economic Journal
Journal Article | Mar 2019

Ethnically Biased? Experimental Evidence from Kenya

Ethnicity has been shown to shape political, social, and economic behavior in Africa, but the underlying mechanisms remain contested. We utilize lab experiments to isolate one mechanism—an individual's bias in...
Lars Ivar Oppedal Berge, Kjetil Bjorvatn, Simon Galle, Edward Miguel, Daniel N. Posner, Bertil Tungodden, Kelly Zhang (2019)
Oxford University Press
CMI Brief | Feb 2019

Cursed before production?

Big discoveries of high value natural resources can have negative economic, political, and social effects long before full production of a resource begins. While Tanzania has already experienced some tensions...
Kendra Dupuy, Lucas Katera (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2019:01) 4 p.
Book Chapter | Jan 2019

Reducing Early Pregnancy in Low-Income Countries

Early pregnancies are generally associated with negative effects on women’shealth and education (Goldin & Katz 2002; Rasul 2008), as well as theireconomic achievement (Bailey 2006; Miller 2010). Early pregnancies arealso...
Lars Ivar Oppedal Berge, Kjetil Bjorvatn, Amina Mohamed Maalim, Vincent Somville, Bertil Tungodden (2019)
in Siwan Anderson, Lori Beaman, and Jean-Philippe Platteau: Towards Gender Equity in Development. Oxford: Oxford University Press pp. 141-166
Book Chapter | Jan 2019

The ‘Secret Loans Affair’ and Political Corruption in Mozambique

In 2016, the ‘secret loans affair’ sprung on to the Mozambican political scene with the discovery that three government-owned companies – controlled by the military intelligence – had borrowed around...
Adriano Nuvunga and Aslak Orre (2019)
in Inge Amundsen (ed.): Political Corruption in Africa. Extraction and Power Preservation. Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishers Ltd.
Journal Article | Jan 2019

The historical roots of cooperative behavior—Evidence from eastern Congo

Cooperative norms and behavior are considered to be essential requirements for sustainable stabilization and development in conflict-affected states. It is therefore particularly important to understand what factors explain their salience...
Alexander De Juan, Carlo Koos (2019)
in World Development vol. 116 pp. 100-112
Newspaper Op-Ed | Jan 2019

Det politiske spillet truer Amazonas

Brasils president Jair Bolsonaros har ingen ønsker om å la klimahensyn gå foran økonomisk vekst. Hans planer for regnskogen kan føre til både folkemord og klimakatastrofe. Og han er ikke...
Camila Gianella,Samson Kleven (2019)
Journal Article | Jan 2019

What does it mean to be poor? Investigating the qualitative-quantitative divide in Mozambique

Motivated by the siloed nature of much poverty research, as well as the challenge of finding inclusive operational definitions of poverty, this study reflects on the merits of seeking to...
Sam Jones and Inge Tvedten (2019)
in World Development vol. 117 pp. 153-166