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CMI Brief | 2019

Cursed before production?

Big discoveries of high value natural resources can have negative economic, political, and social effects long before full production of a resource begins. While Tanzania has already experienced some tensions...
Kendra Dupuy, Lucas Katera (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2019:01) 4 p.
Newspaper Op-Ed | 2018

Norges statsminister viser dobbeltmoral i abortstriden

Mens det forhandles om restriksjoner på norske kvinners rett til abort, ser Norge seg selv som et foregangsland internasjonalt på seksuell og reproduktiv helse. Ernas forhandlingsvilje er dobbeltmoral i praksis,...
Liv Tønnessen (2018)
Bistandsaktuelt 12.11.18
Master's Thesis | 2018

Safeguarding borders, or safeguarding queers?

While the political field of immigration is getting increasingly stringent throughout Europe, rights for queer individuals are progressively strengthened in Western parts of the world. These two parallel trends have made...
Yngvild Gotaas Torvik (2018)
Paris: CNRS-CERI Sciences Po 99 p.
CMI Brief | 2018

Humanitarian Diplomacy: A New Research Agenda

Improving access to humanitarian aid in conflict and complex emergencies has always been a major concern for policy makers and humanitarian actors. Historically, humanitarianism has been conducted in situations of...
Antonio De Lauri (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2018:4) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2017

What causes Latin America’s high incidence of adolescent pregnancy?

Latin America is the only region in the world where adolescent pregnancies are not decreasing. According to a recent article in the Lancet, if the current trend continues, Latin American...
Camila Gianella, Marta Rodriguez de Assis Machado, Angelica Peñas Defago (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 9) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2017

Counter-mobilization against child marriage reform in Africa

Legislating a minimum age of marriage at 18 has stirred counter-mobilization in some, but not all, countries where religious or traditional institutions enjoy constitutional authority. Why does counter-mobilization arise in...
Ragnhild Louise Muriaas, Liv Tønnessen, Vibeke Wang (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 8) 4 p.
CMI Report | 2017

Legal Reform and Women’s Rights in Lebanese Personal Status Laws

This report documents and analyzes two recent major reforms in Lebanese law whose purpose is to further gender equality for women in Lebanon: (I) the alteration of the Sunni personal...
Dima Dabbous (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2017:3) 40 p.
CMI Brief | 2017

Paper tiger law forbidding FGM in Sudan

Female genital mutilation (FGM) is still a common practice in Sudan. Nine out of ten women have been subjected to this practice. In 2009, a proposed ban on FGM in the...
Liv Tønnessen, Samia El-Nagar, Sharifa Bamkar (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 7) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2016

Lack of consultation. Stakeholders perspectives on local content requirements in the petroleum sector in Tanzania

Tanzania has recently discovered huge offshore natural gas fields. This has led the Government to develop Local Content Policies (LCPs) to increase local job and business opportunities. This brief presents...
Espen Villanger (CMI), Abel Kinyondo (Repoa), Ingvild Hestad (CMI) (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 15) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2016

Acting jointly on behalf of women? The cross-party women’s caucus in Malawi

Despite an increase in the number of countries that have adopted women’s caucuses in sub-Saharan Africa, there is still little empirical knowledge about how they operate and under which conditions...
Asiyati Chiweza, Vibeke Wang, Ann Maganga (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 8) 4 p.
CMI Report | 2016

Unfulfilled hopes. The quest for a minimum marriage age in Yemen, 2009–2014

The project Women’s Human Rights and Law Reform in the Muslim World seeks to map family and criminal law reforms in the period 1995-2015 in Afghanistan, Egypt, Iran, Lebanon, Morocco,...
Anne K. Bang (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2016:3)
CMI Insight | 2016

Ending child marriages – new laws bring progress but hurdles remain

Reform of family law is considered among the most difficult to achieve since it contests ‘the notion of women and children as property’.  There is a continuum ranging from criminalization...
Vibeke Wang (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Insight no. 4) 8 p.
Journal Article | 2015

Perceptions of Chinese presence in Africa as reflected in the African media: case study of Uganda

The Chinese entry into the African continent and the subsequent effect on soft power in global relations are of increasing interest to many scholars. This article explores local perceptions of...
Goretti L. Nassangaa & Sabiti Makarab (2015)
in Chinese Journal of Communication vol. 9 no. 1 pp. 21-37
Newspaper Op-Ed | 2014

Pynt og prakt, lite makt

Afrika topper listen over land med flest kvinner i parlamentene. Det betyr ikke at kvinnene har fått det bedre. Makten sitter et annet sted. Da de norske stortingsrepresentantene tok plass i...
Vibeke Wang, Liv Tønnessen (2014)
Bergens Tidende 12.05
U4 Practice Insight | 2013

When Supreme Audit Institutions engage with civil society: Exploring lessons from the Latin American Transparency Participation and Accountability Initiative

The Transparency, Participation and Accountability Initiative illustrates emerging partnerships between audit institutions and citizens, and highlights the benefits and challenges of a cooperative approach for engaging with public officials. The...
Carolina Cornejo, Aranzazu Guillan, Renzo Lavin (2013)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Practice Insight 2013:5) 22 p.
Journal Article | 2013

Giving Effect to Children's Right to Health in Colombia? Analysing the Implementation of Court Decisions Ordering Health System Reform

Despite major developments to provide conceptual clarity to the legal enforcement of economic, social and cultural (ESC) rights, research analysing the processes of implementing court rulings and their actual impact...
Camila Gianella, Siri Gloppen and Elisabeth Fosse (2013)
in Journal of Human Rights Practice vol. 5 no. 1 pp. 153-176
Journal Article | 2013

Wavering Courts: From Impunity to Accountability in Uruguay

Many Latin American countries are moving towards increased accountability for past human rights violations. There is a growing international consensus that some crimes simply cannot be exempted from prosecution according...
Elin Skaar (2013)
Journal of Latin American Studies
Journal Article | 2012

Corruption as violation of distributed ethical obligations

The ethics of corruption cannot be analyzed without simultaneously addressing the legitimacy of public office or entrusted power. This paper introduces a concept of core unethical corruption, defined as violations...
Ivar Kolstad (2012)
in Journal of Global Ethics vol. 8 no. 2-3 pp. 239-250
Report in External Series | 2012

From impunity to prosecution? Sexual violence in Sudan beyond Darfur

Serious shortcomings in Sudanese laws and practices contribute to the lack of protection of victims of rape in Sudan. There is need for comprehensive legal reform, particularly of Sudan’s Criminal...
Liv Tønnessen (2012)
(NOREF Report, February 2012)
Book Chapter | 2011

Impunidad versus responsabilidad jurídica en el Uruguay: El rol de la Ley de Caducidad

Many countries in Latin America and elsewhere in the world are moving in the direction of increased accountability for human right violations, and there is a growing consensus that some...
Elin Skaar (2011)
in Gabriela Fried y Francesca Lessa (editores) Con la colaboración de Brenda Falero: Luchas contra la impunidad: Uruguay 1985-2011. Montevideo: Trilce