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Master's Thesis | Jun 2020

The effect of a supply shock in the production of cocaine on violence: Evidence from Colombia and Venezuela

Using data on coca cultivation and homicides, this paper analyzes an otherwise little researched topic, linking cocaine production and violence in Colombia. I use an exogenous supply shock in gasoline,...
Monica Beeder (2020)
CMI Report | Jun 2020

Literature Review: Democracy and Human Rights in contemporary Latin America (2015-2020) Trends, challenges, and prospects

Abstract Through a review of scholarly and other well-informed articles as well as media reports, this CMI Report aims to summarize discussions on challenges for democracy and human rights in Latin...
Vegard Bye, Dr.philos, CMI Affiliated Researcher, Senior Partner Scanteam Peder Østebø, M.A., Graduate Research Fellow, NUPI (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2020:01)
Journal Article | 2019

Polygynous Neighbors, Excess Men, and Intergroup Conflict in Rural Africa

We argue that polygyny creates a social imbalance where few, economically well-off men marry many wives and many poor men marry late or never. By definition, polygyny produces what we...
Carlo Koos, Clara Neupert-Wentz (2019)
in Journal of Conflict Resolution
Report in External Series | 2019

Corruption and Wildlife Crime: A Focus on Caviar Trade

Produced by TRAFFIC, WWF, U4 Anti-Corruption Resource Centre (U4 ACRC), Northumbria and Utrecht Universities, "Corruption and wildlife crime: A focus on caviar trade" examines how corruption facilitates the flow of...
Louisa Musing, Lindsey Harris, Aled Williams, Rob Parry-Jones, Daan van Uhm, Tanya Wyatt (2019)
Cambridge: TRAFFIC
Newspaper Op-Ed | 2018

Barneekteskap i krig - et voksende problem

Fire ganger flere syriske jentebarn blir giftet bort nå enn før krigen. En dramatisk økning i antallet barneekteskap er en direkte følge av krig og konflikt. Både lovendringer, økonomiske tiltak og...
Liv Tønnessen (2018)
Bistandsaktuelt 09.05.18
Sudan Report | 2018

Community Views on Child Marriage in Kassala: Prospects for Change

Child marriage is any formal marriage or informal union where one or both parties are under 18 years of age. Child marriage affects both boys and girls, but disproportionately affects...
Samia El Nagar, Manal Mahjoub, Adil Idris, Liv Tønnessen (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Report SR 2018:1)
Sudan Report | 2017

Traditional, but changing, cultural norms: Rural community views on child marriage in Algadaref State, Sudan

This report investigates child marriage in Algadaref State, located in Sudan’s eastern region. Child marriage is a human rights violation affecting children’s and women’s rights to health, education, equality, non-discrimination,...
Samia El Nagar, Ibtisam al-Jack, Liv Tønnessen (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Report SR 2017:4) 44 p.
CMI Brief | 2017

What causes Latin America’s high incidence of adolescent pregnancy?

Latin America is the only region in the world where adolescent pregnancies are not decreasing. According to a recent article in the Lancet, if the current trend continues, Latin American...
Camila Gianella, Marta Rodriguez de Assis Machado, Angelica Peñas Defago (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 9) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2017

Counter-mobilization against child marriage reform in Africa

Legislating a minimum age of marriage at 18 has stirred counter-mobilization in some, but not all, countries where religious or traditional institutions enjoy constitutional authority. Why does counter-mobilization arise in...
Ragnhild Louise Muriaas, Liv Tønnessen, Vibeke Wang (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 8) 4 p.
Sudan Report | 2017

Girls, Child Marriage, and Education in Red Sea State, Sudan: Perspectives on Girls’ Freedom to Choose

Child marriage is any formal marriage or informal union where one or both parties are under 18 years of age. Child marriage affects both boys and girls, but disproportionately affects...
Samia El Nagar, Sharifa Bamkar, Liv Tønnessen (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Report SR 2017:3) 67 p.
U4 Issue | 2017

Trading in corruption: Evidence and mitigation measures for corruption in the trading of oil and minerals

Between 2011 and 2013, sales of government oil from the ten biggest producers in sub-Saharan Africa accounted for 56% of these countries’ total public revenues. Despite their importance, however, such...
Olivier Longchamp, Nathalie Perrot (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2017:6) 52 p.
Book Chapter | 2017

Nigeria: Defying the resource curse

The idea that oil wealth tends to undermine democratic transition is one of the central tenets of the resource curse paradigm. This chapter takes a closer look at the political process that unfolded...
Inge Amundsen (2017)
in David Aled Williams, Philippe Le Billon: Corruption, natural resources and development: from resource curse to political ecology. Cheltenham and Northampton (MA): Edward Elgar Publishing
CMI Brief | 2016

Marginalisation and Poverty in Rural Malanje, Angola

Rural Angola has gone through decades of hardships with war and economic marginalisation – culminating with the current economic crisis. This brief is about ten rural communities in the province...
Inge Tvedten, Gilson Lázaro (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 18) 4 p.
CMI Report | 2016

The costs of corruption to the Mozambican economy. Why it is important to fight corruption in a climate of fiscal fragility

What is the price that Mozambique has to pay for the widespread corruption in the country? What is the cost of corruption for the Mozambican economy, the state and its...
(2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2016:6) 76 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2016

Always choosing the oil rents: How leaders in Angola and Venezuela brought their countries to ruin

Angola and Venezuela are among the most oil dependent countries in the world. When oil prices fell in 2014, these states lost half of their income base. A combined economic,...
Leiv Marsteintredet, Aslak Orre (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2016:10) 28 p.
CMI Brief | 2016

Petroleum fund in Tanzania? Other alternatives may be better

The Government of Tanzania is looking for the best policies and institutional designs to turn future petroleum revenues into welfare, development and jobs. This Brief argues that the Tanzanian society...
Ragnar Torvik (2016)
Bergen & Dar es Salaam : Chr. Michelsen Institute & REPOA (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 10) 4 p.
CMI Insight | 2016

Ending child marriages – new laws bring progress but hurdles remain

Reform of family law is considered among the most difficult to achieve since it contests ‘the notion of women and children as property’.  There is a continuum ranging from criminalization...
Vibeke Wang (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Insight no. 4) 8 p.
CMI Brief | 2016

Non-resource taxation in a resource rich setting: A broader tax base will enhance tax compliance in Tanzania

CMI Brief December 2015 Volume 14 No.08 Huge reservoirs of natural gas have been discovered offshore the southern coast of Tanzania. The country might become a large producer of gas, and...
(2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 14 no. 8) 4 p.
Journal Article | 2016

Preferences for land sales legalization and land values in Ethiopia

This study investigates attitudes towards legalizing land sales and Willingness to Accept (WTA) sales prices and compensation prices for land among smallholder households in the southern highlands of Ethiopia. Household...
Stein Holden, Sosina Bezu (2016)
in Land Use Policy vol. 52 pp. 410-421
Report in External Series | 2015

Opportunity in Crisis: Navigating Afghanistan's Uncertain Future

Afghanistan’s future remains uncertain. After one of the longest and most ambitious interventions since the Second World War, peace and stability remain elusive. Much has been achieved but at a...
Matt Waldman (2015)
London: Chatham House, The Royal Institute of International Affairs (Research Paper, Asia Programme) 34 p.