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Journal Article | 2019

The Political, Research, Programmatic, and Social Responses to Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights in the 25 Years Since the International Conference on Population and Development

Among the ground-breaking achievements of the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) was its call to place adolescent sexual and reproductive health (ASRH) on global health and development agendas....
Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli et al. (2019)
in Journal of Adolescent Health vol. 65 no. 6
Journal Article | 2019

Factors influencing the use of reproductive health care services among married adolescent girls in Dang District, Nepal: a qualitative study

Background: Child marriage is associated with adverse reproductive health outcomes, and the practice is still alarmingly common. Together with efforts to end child marriage, it is essential to provide adequate...
Binita Maharjan, Poonam Rishal and Joar Svanemyr (2019)
in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth vol. 19 no. 152 pp. 1-9
CMI Brief | 2019

Why campaigns to stop child marriage can backfire

Ragnhild L. Muriaas, Vibeke Wang, Lindsay J. Benstead, Boniface Dulani, Lise Rakner (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2019:04) 4 p.
CMI Report | 2019

Barns rettigheter i Norge - en måling

I denne rapporten stilles det spørsmål om hvordan vi kan måle implementering av barns rettigheter i Norge. Globale indekser erklærer ofte at Norge er verdens beste land å være barn...
Malcolm Langford og Tori Loven Kirkebø (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2019:1)
Book Chapter | 2019

Introduction: Implementing Child Rights

The UN Convention for the Rights of the Child (CRC) has emerged as a central yardstick in assessing policies and practices concerning children. Norway has incorporated the convention in domestic...
Malcolm Langford, Marit Skivenes, Karl Harald Søvig and Tori Loven Kirkebø (2019)
in Malcolm Langford , Marit Skivenes and Karl Harald Søvig (eds.): Children's Rights in Norway An Implementation Paradox?. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget pp. 15-41
Book Chapter | 2019

Policing

Policing is critical for children’s security but police are also responsible for preventing and addressing crime by children and younger persons. This can raise risks from a human rights perspective,...
Inger Aasgaard and Malcolm Langford (2019)
in Malcolm Langford , Marit Skivenes and Karl Harald Søvig (eds.): Children's Rights in Norway An Implementation Paradox?. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget pp. 202-219
Book Chapter | 2019

Children’s Rights’ Indexes: Measuring Norway’s Performance

Global indexes are commonly used to measure a country’s performance, including on the implementation of human rights conventions. Such audit-like tools project neutrality and avoid the charges of anecdotal evidence....
Malcolm Langford and Tori Loven Kirkebø (2019)
in Malcolm Langford , Marit Skivenes and Karl Harald Søvig (eds.): Children's Rights in Norway An Implementation Paradox?. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget pp. 42-99
Edited Book | 2019

Children's Rights in Norway

Norway tops international indexes on children’s rights but continues to attract criticism for its level of compliance with the Convention of the Rights of Child. This book is the first...
Malcolm Langford, Marit Skivenes and Karl Harald Søvig (eds.) (2019)
Children's Rights in Norway: An Implementation Paradox?, Universitetsforlaget
Journal Article | 2018

Counter-mobilization against child marriage reform in Africa

Legislating a minimum age of marriage at 18 has stirred counter-mobilization in some, but not all, countries where religious or traditional institutions enjoy constitutional authority. To explore differences between states...
Ragnhild L. Muriaas, Liv Tønnessen, Vibeke Wang (2018)
in Political Studies, first published online: December 1, 2017 vol. 66 no. 4 pp. 851-868
Sudan Brief | 2018

Drivers of child marriage in eastern Sudan

There are several causes that contribute to child marriage in eastern Sudan, including poverty, lack of education for girls, avoiding stigma and the legality of child marriage. However, tradition and...
Liv Tønnessen and Samia al-Nagar (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Brief 2018:02) 4 p.
Sudan Brief | 2018

Interventions for the abandonment of child marriage in Sudan

Child marriage is legal, and accepted, throughout Sudan and the country has one of the highest rates of child marriage in the world. This brief examines interventions against child marriage...
Liv Tønnessen and Samia al-Nagar (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Brief 2018:03) 4 p.
Sudan Brief | 2018

Child marriage and education in Eastern Sudan

A new understanding that educating girls' does not constrain their marriage potential is emerging in eastern Sudan. Girls who continue their education and their families are role models who challenge...
Liv Tønnessen and Samia al-Nagar (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Brief no. 2018:01) 4 p.
Journal Article | 2018

Religious Counter-Mobilization against Child Marriage Reform in Sudan

Each year, 15 million girls are married before the age of 18. Sudan is among the African countries with a high prevalence of child marriage. In Sudan, 10.7% of women...
Liv Tønnessen (2018)
in Siha Journal: Women in Islam
CMI Brief | 2018

Family law reform in Sudan: A never ending story?

The family law in Sudan, legalises child marriage, stipulates a wife’s obedience to her husband, and gives the male guardian veto power on women’s consent to marriage. #JusticeforNoura has shone...
Samia al-Nagar and Liv Tønnessen (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2018:08) 6 p.
Newspaper Op-Ed | 2018

Barneekteskap i krig - et voksende problem

Fire ganger flere syriske jentebarn blir giftet bort nå enn før krigen. En dramatisk økning i antallet barneekteskap er en direkte følge av krig og konflikt. Både lovendringer, økonomiske tiltak og...
Liv Tønnessen (2018)
Bistandsaktuelt 09.05.18
CMI Report | 2018

Life skills in non-formal contexts for adolescent girls in developing countries

Executive summary How can young women in developing countries best be prepared for success in their lives and livelihoods? Life preparation requires learning different types of knowledge and skills in formal,...
Kendra Dupuy, Sosina Bezu, Are Knudsen, Sandra Halvorsen, Christina Kwauk (Brookings Institution), Amanda Braga (Brookings Institution), Helyn Kim (Brookings Institution) (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2018:5) 115 p.
Journal Article | 2018

Fertility, household size and poverty in Nepal

Highlights We study how fertility affects household size, composition, and poverty in Nepal. The gender of the first child serves as an IV for the total number of children. New births immediately increase...
François Libois and Vincent Somville (2018)
in World Development vol. 103 no. March pp. 311-322
Book Chapter | 2018

Reducing Early Pregnancy in Low-Income Countries

Early pregnancies are generally associated with negative effects on women’shealth and education (Goldin & Katz 2002; Rasul 2008), as well as theireconomic achievement (Bailey 2006; Miller 2010). Early pregnancies arealso...
Lars Ivar Oppedal Berge, Kjetil Bjorvatn, Amina Mohamed Maalim, Vincent Somville, Bertil Tungodden (2018)
in Siwan Anderson, Lori Beaman, and Jean-Philippe Platteau: Towards Gender Equity in Development. Oxford: Oxford University Press pp. 141-166
Sudan Report | 2018

Community Views on Child Marriage in Kassala: Prospects for Change

Child marriage is any formal marriage or informal union where one or both parties are under 18 years of age. Child marriage affects both boys and girls, but disproportionately affects...
Samia El Nagar, Manal Mahjoub, Adil Idris, Liv Tønnessen (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Report SR 2018:1)
CMI Report | 2017

Family law reform in Sudan: competing claims for gender justice between sharia and women’s human rights

This paper focuses on family law reform in Sudan-a country that has been in a state of perpetual conflict that stretches back long before its independence in 1956. The signing...
Samia El Nagar, Liv Tønnessen (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2017:5) 28 p.