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CMI Brief | Jul 2020

UN Security Council Resolution 1325: Peacebuilding in Africa 20 years after its adoption

20 years ago the United Nations Security Council adopted Resolution 1325. The resolution underscored the important role of women in the prevention and resolution of conflicts and called for their...
Aili Mari Tripp (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2020:08) 6 p.
CMI Report | Jun 2020

Literature Review: Democracy and Human Rights in contemporary Latin America (2015-2020) Trends, challenges, and prospects

Abstract Through a review of scholarly and other well-informed articles as well as media reports, this CMI Report aims to summarize discussions on challenges for democracy and human rights in Latin...
Vegard Bye, Dr.philos, CMI Affiliated Researcher, Senior Partner Scanteam Peder Østebø, M.A., Graduate Research Fellow, NUPI (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2020:01)
CMI Insight | May 2020

War in resource-rich northern Mozambique – Six scenarios

Since the October 2017 attacks by alleged Islamist insurgents, commonly referred to as Ahlu Sunnah Wa-Jama and locally know as Al Shabab, on Mocimboa da Praia, it has not been...
Francisco Almeida dos Santos (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Insight 2020:02) 18 p.
CMI Brief | Feb 2020

Everyday humanitarian diplomacy: Experiences from border areas

The term humanitarian diplomacy (HD) emerged in early 2000s. HD recognises the role of humanitarian actors when negotiating access, assistance and protection for civilians in situations of extreme insecurity and...
Cristina Churruca Muguruza (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2020:2) 4 p.
CMI Working Paper | Feb 2020

How do host–migrant proximities shape attitudes toward internal climate migrants?

Countries in Latin America, Asia, and Africa exposed to the environmental consequences of climate change are predicted to see voluntary and forced internal migration on an unprecedented scale in the...
Päivi Lujala, Sosina Bezu, Ivar Kolstad, Minhaj Mahmud, Arne Wiig (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2020:2)
Journal Article | Feb 2020

Independence or Front Lines: Securing Southern Representation in Yemen's Peace Talks

The article addresses the consolidation and rise of the Southern Transitional Council in South Yemen and their push for access to a seat at the table of Yemen’s peace talks....
Robert Forster (2020)
Forster, Robert. 'Independence or Frontlines: Securing Southern Representation in Yemen's Peace Talks', Babylon: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Midtøstenstudier, Vol. 17, No. 2 (2019), pp. 8-21
Journal Article | 2019

The New Lost Boys of Sudan

Currently, around seven million people are affected by migration and displacement to, from, and through Sudan. Nearly one million people are seeking refuge inside Sudan’s borders from neighboring and regional...
Sarah Tobin (2019)
in POMEPS Studies : Youth Politics in the Middle East and North Africa. vol. 36
Book Chapter | 2019

Gender and Violence in Post-Conflict Settings

Torunn Wimpelmann (2019)
in Laura Shepherd: Handbook on Gender and Violence. Edward Elgar Publishing
Book Chapter | 2019

Ceasefires

A review of the practice and content of ceasefire agreements and provisions in peace agreements. The article include a discussion on the definition of ‘ceasefire’ and related terms, such as...
Robert Forster (2019)
in Romaniuk, S., Thapa M., and P. Marton: The Palgrave Encyclopedia of Global Security Studies. Cham: Palgrave MacMillan
Journal Article | 2019

Emergency Urbanism in Sabra, Beirut.

Since the mid-1980s, generations of displaced people have sought refuge in the ramshackle buildings that were once the Gaza-Ramallah Hospital, a multi-story hospital complex built by the Palestinian Liberation Organization...
Are John Knudsen (2019)
in Public Anthropologist vol. 1 no. 2 pp. 171-193
Report in External Series | 2019

Local Peace Processes: Opportunities and Challenges for Women’s Engagement

When and how do local peace processes and agreements address conflict? What are the opportunities and challenges for women and gender-equality advocates seeking to meaningfully engage with local peace processes? When and how...
Laura Wise, Robert Forster, Christine Bell (2019)
Wise, L., Forster, R., and Bell, Christine. (2019). 'Local Peace Processes: Opportunties and Challenges for Women's Engagement', Edinburgh: Global Justice Academy, University of Edinburgh
CMI Brief | 2019

Priorities and challenges of Qatar’s Humanitarian Diplomacy

This Policy Brief analyzes Qatar’s role in Humanitarian Diplomacy. It begins by defining the term Humanitarian Diplomacy and situating Qatar’s interventions within broader trends of humanitarianism in the Gulf sub-region....
Sultan Barakat (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2019:07) 6 p.
Journal Article | 2019

The Taliban and the humanitarian soldier: Configurations of freedom and humanity in Afghanistan

Humanitarian wars are a primary means of globally affirming a specific model of humanity, built according to the cultural, moral, and economic standards of Western democracies. How are forms of...
Antonio De Lauri (2019)
in Anuac vol. 8 no. 1 pp. 31-57
Journal Article | 2019

Polygynous Neighbors, Excess Men, and Intergroup Conflict in Rural Africa

We argue that polygyny creates a social imbalance where few, economically well-off men marry many wives and many poor men marry late or never. By definition, polygyny produces what we...
Carlo Koos, Clara Neupert-Wentz (2019)
in Journal of Conflict Resolution
Journal Article | 2019

Twenty Years After Ottawa: ‘Unpacking’ Mine Action in Peace Agreements

Mine action is essential for long-term peacebuilding and post-conflict reconstruction. Using new data, this paper explores the nexus between mine action and peace processes, providing an analysis of trends in...
Robert Forster (2019)
in Journal of Peacebuilding and Development vol. 14 no. 2 pp. 150-163
Book Chapter | 2019

Peace Agreements

Peace agreements are the codification of the terms of settlement between some or all conflict parties for the purpose of ending conflict between them. Between 1990 and 2018, over 1700...
Robert Forster (2019)
in Scott Romaniuk, Manish Thapa, Péter Marton: The Palgrave Encyclopedia of Global Security Studies. Cham: Palgrave MacMillan
Book Chapter | 2019

Locating China's Maritime Silk Road in the context of the South China Sea disputes

The South China Sea (SCS) is a bitterly contested maritime battleground for state sovereignty, oil and gas and, perhaps above all, for the marine resources on which large populations of...
Edyta Roszko (2019)
in Carmen Amado Mendes: China's New Silk Road: An Emerging World Order. London: Routledge: Taylor&Francis Group pp. 165-179
Journal Article | 2019

The historical roots of cooperative behavior—Evidence from eastern Congo

Cooperative norms and behavior are considered to be essential requirements for sustainable stabilization and development in conflict-affected states. It is therefore particularly important to understand what factors explain their salience...
Alexander De Juan, Carlo Koos (2019)
in World Development vol. 116 pp. 100-112
Book Chapter | 2019

Citizenship, statelessness, and human rights protection in Sudan's constitutions and post South Sudan secession challenges

Sudan and South Sudan have suffered from repeated cycles of conflict and authoritarianism resulting in serious human rights and humanitarian law violations. Several efforts, such as the 2005 Comprehensive Peace...
Munzoul Assal (2019)
in Constitution-making and Human Rights in the Sudans (Lutz Oette, Mohamed Abdelsalam Babiker (eds.))