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Journal Article | forthcoming 2021

Legal Mobilization to Protect Women against Rape in Islamist Sudan

A popular uprising recently ousted Omar al-Bashir and his Islamist cronies from power after having ruled Sudan with an iron fist since 1989. Sexual abuse and torture orchestrated by the...
Liv Tønnessen and Samia al-Nagar (2021)
in Cahiers d'études africaines
Report in External Series | Sep 2020

Interim Governance Arrangements in Post-Conflict and Fragile Settings

This report provides an understanding of how temporary governance during major political transitions is structured and how it works in practice. Interim governance arrangements are the exercise of public power...
Robert Forster (2020)
Stockholm: International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (Edinburgh Dialogues on Post-Conflict Constitution Building) 45 p.
Book Chapter | Mar 2020

Constituting Transitions: Predicting Unpredictability

This chapter examines how transitional governance arrangements are constituted in peace and transitions processes. We map and analyse the relationship between the legal ‘constitutionalisation’ of the transition, and the political...
Christine Bell, Robert Forster (2020)
in Emmanuel H. D. De Groof, Micha Wiebusch: International Law and Transitional Governance Critical Perspectives. London: Routledge
Journal Article | Mar 2020

'He should learn that he cannot get a woman for free’: Male elopers and constructions of masculinity in the Afghan justice system

This article explores constructions of gender, masculinity, and class in moral crimes prosecutions, and their legal aftermaths in Afghanistan. It argues that the lack of attention to men in advocacy...
Torunn Wimpelmann, Aziz Hakimi, Masooma Sa'adat (2020)
in Men and Masculinities, March 2020
U4 Brief | Feb 2020

Ukraine’s High Anti-Corruption Court. Innovation for impartial justice

In 2018, Ukraine established a High Anti-Corruption Court (HACC). Ukrainian civil society groups, with the crucial support of the international community, pushed for this specialised court as a way to...
Ivanna Y. Kuz, Matthew C. Stephenson (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2020:3)
U4 Brief | Feb 2020

Procedural fairness for curbing corruption. Taking bureaucratic decision-making out of the shadows

The wide discretionary powers of bureaucrats can undermine their impartiality, and result in decisions being made that are tainted by bias or have violated due process. Such opportunities for illegal,...
Migai Akech, Monica Kirya (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2020:04)
Journal Article | 2019

The right to abortion in Tunisia after the revolution of 2011: Legal, medical and social arrangements seen through seven abortion stories

In this article, we explore the effects that Tunisia’s post-revolutionary democratization process has had on the right to abortion, drawing on ethnographic material, interviews, and medical files that we collected...
Irene Maffi and Malika Affes (2019)
in Health and Human Rights Journal vol. 21 no. 2 pp. 69-78
Journal Article | 2019

The politicization of abortion and hippocratic disobedience in Islamist Sudan

In Sudan's Islamist state, abortion is politicized through its association to illegal pregnancy. Fornication is crime against God punishable with 100 lashes. Pregnancy outside a marriage contract constitute sufficient evidence...
Liv Tønnessen and Samia al-Nagar (2019)
in Health and Human Rights Journal vol. 21 no. 2 pp. 7-19
U4 Brief | 2019

An International Anti-Corruption Court? A synopsis of the debate

Impunity and the transnational nature of corruption have led to calls for an international anti-corruption court that could hold kleptocrats accountable and spur governments to improve national justice systems. But...
Matthew C. Stephenson, Sofie Arjon Schütte (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2019:5)
Book Chapter | 2019

Congenitally Conjoined and Inseparable: Politics and Corruption in Nigeria

This chapter analyses political corruption in Nigeria through the trajectory of a number of scandals and their background. It underscores the resilience of political corruption in the country, where the...
Emmanuel Oladipo Ojo, Vaclav Prusa, Inge Amundsen (2019)
in Inge Amundsen (ed.): Political Corruption in Africa. Extraction and Power Preservation. Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishers Ltd.
U4 Brief | 2019

Madagascar’s specialised anti-corruption court: The quest to end impunity

In 2018, Madagascar established a specialised independent anti-corruption court – the 'Pôle Anti-Corruption' – in response to impunity in conventional courts. Special features aimed to protect the court against executive...
Florian Schatz (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2019:2)
Journal Article | 2019

Legal Regimes, Women’s Work, and Women’s Empowerment

The second-wave feminist movement called attention to the endurance of discriminatory laws that deny women equal rights and opportunities. Since the 1970s, most countries around the world responded to feminist...
Mala Htun; Francesca R Jensenius; Liv Tønnessen (2019)
in Social Politics: International Studies in Gender, State & Society vol. 26 no. 2 pp. 189-192
Journal Article | 2019

Women at work in Sudan: Marital privilege or constitutional right

This article explores how working women in Sudan's capital negotiate legal constraints placing them under the guardianship of their husbands, imposing strict public dress and behavioral codes upon them, and...
Liv Tønnessen (2019)
in Social Politics: International Studies in Gender, State & Society vol. 26 no. 2 pp. 223-244
CMI Report | 2019

Turkish foreign policy: structures and decision-making processes

On 16 April 2017 Turkish voters went to the polls to deliver their verdict on a set of constitutional amendments that would replace the existing parliamentary system with that of...
Siri Neset, Chr. Michelsen Institute, Mustafa Aydın, Kadir Has University, Hasret Dikici Bilgin, Istanbul Bilgi University, Metin Gürcan, Episteme Turkey, Arne Strand, Chr. Michelsen Institute (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2019:3)
Journal Article | 2019

Overcoming the Limits of Legal Opportunity Structures: LGBT Rights’ Divergent Paths in Costa Rica and Colombia

Costa Rica and Colombia, two of the earliest Latin American countries to protect many LGBT rights, attempted to amplify those rights and litigate same-sex marriage (SSM) in mid-2000s; however, these...
Bruce M. Wilson,Camila Gianella (2019)
in Latin American Politics and Society. vol. 61, Special Issue 2 pp. 138-163
Book Chapter | 2019

Citizenship, statelessness, and human rights protection in Sudan's constitutions and post South Sudan secession challenges

Sudan and South Sudan have suffered from repeated cycles of conflict and authoritarianism resulting in serious human rights and humanitarian law violations. Several efforts, such as the 2005 Comprehensive Peace...
Munzoul Assal (2019)
in Constitution-making and Human Rights in the Sudans (Lutz Oette, Mohamed Abdelsalam Babiker (eds.))
Journal Article | 2019

Access to What? Legal Agency and Access to Justice for Indigenous Peoples in Latin America

In this paper I issue a call for a primary focus on expanding and strengthening alternative, community-based justice systems, as a strategy for securing the full benefits of legal agency...
Daniel M. Brinks (2019)
in The Journal of Development Studies vol. 55 no. 3 pp. 348-365
CMI Brief | 2018

Love in Law – The Indian Supreme Court decides in favour of LGBT persons

On 6 September 2018, the Indian Supreme Court delivered a 493-pages-long verdict on LGBT rights and love. “Navtej Singh Johar v. Union of India” is arguably one of the most...
Vikram Kolmannskog (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2018:06) 4 p.
U4 Brief | 2018

The Mozambique hidden loans case: An opportunity for donors to demonstrate anti-corruption commitment

When the Mozambican government issued guarantees for over 1 billion US$ - ignoring their own oversight mechanisms and lending rules - they ended up in public debt distress. Donors have...
David Aled Williams (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2018:6)
Journal Article | 2018

Counter-mobilization against child marriage reform in Africa

Legislating a minimum age of marriage at 18 has stirred counter-mobilization in some, but not all, countries where religious or traditional institutions enjoy constitutional authority. To explore differences between states...
Ragnhild L. Muriaas, Liv Tønnessen, Vibeke Wang (2018)
in Political Studies, first published online: December 1, 2017 vol. 66 no. 4 pp. 851-868