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Journal Article | 2020

Drivers of Health in sub-Saharan Africa: A Dynamic Panel Analysis.

Globally, life expectancy increased while infant mortality reduced substantially between the 19th and late 20th century. Although there is relatively mature literature on the drivers behind these gains in life expectancy and...
Mwimba Chewe and Peter Hangoma (2020)
in Health Policy OPEN vol. 1 no. 10001
CMI Report | 2020

Household wellbeing and coping strategies in Africa during COVID-19 – Findings from high frequency phone surveys

This report provides data on household wellbeing in countries in sub-Saharan Africa following the Covid-19 pandemic. The focus is on employment and income, food security, and coping mechanisms, and on access to education...
Carlo Koos, Peter Hangoma, Ottar Mæstad (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report 2020:4) 32 p.
U4 Issue | 2020

Downward accountability in humanitarian aid. The example of UNHCR Uganda

If aid organisations are accountable to their beneficiaries, there is potentially less risk of corruption. Interventions may also be more efficient and effective with accountability measures in place. Here researchers...
Sophie Komujuni, Saul Mullard (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2020:18)
Journal Article | 2020

Household Bargaining and Spending on Children: Experimental Evidence from Tanzania

This paper studies whether an increase in women's intrahousehold bargaining power causes couples to allocate more resources to their child's education, and, if so, what the underlying mechanisms for this...
Charlotte Ringdal and Ingrid Hoem Sjursen (2020)
in Economica
Journal Article | 2020

Legal Reform or Erasure of History? The Politics of Moral Crimes in Afghanistan

Aziz Hakimi, Masooma Sa'adat (2020)
in Central Asian Survey
U4 Practitioner Experience Note | 2020

Twenty years with anti-corruption. Part 10. Keeping the vision alive: new methods, new ambitions

The last 20 years has seen a solid international architecture established to fight corruption. However, the pace of progress has slowed in recent years. Two critical problems are that the...
Phil Mason OBE (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Practitioner Experience Note 2020:10)
CMI Brief | 2020

UN Security Council Resolution 1325: Peacebuilding in Africa 20 years after its adoption

20 years ago the United Nations Security Council adopted Resolution 1325. The resolution underscored the important role of women in the prevention and resolution of conflicts and called for their...
Aili Mari Tripp (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2020:08) 6 p.
Journal Article | 2020

Polygynous Neighbors, Excess Men, and Intergroup Conflict in Rural Africa

We argue that polygyny creates a social imbalance where few, economically well-off men marry many wives and many poor men marry late or never. By definition, polygyny produces what we...
Carlo Koos, Clara Neupert-Wentz (2020)
in Journal of Conflict Resolution vol. 64 no. 2-3 pp. 402-431
Journal Article | 2020

Armed governance: the case of the CIA-supported Afghan militias

This article examines the genealogy and behavior of the CIA militias in Afghanistan against the backdrop of persistent armed governance whereby a plurality of actors competes over control and rule....
Antonio De Lauri, Astri Suhrke (2020)
in Small Wars and Insurgency
U4 Brief | 2020

Covid-19 and donor financing. Minimising corruption risks while ensuring efficiency

With the spread of the Covid-19 pandemic, development aid and donor agencies face new challenges. They have to deliver essential products and financial assistance in a short time frame to...
Guillaume Nicaise (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2020:10)
U4 Brief | 2020

Covid-19, cash transfers, and corruption

Cash transfer programmes are being created and extended in developing countries as an economic response to Covid-19. Many donors are increasing their support for these programmes. However, the scale and...
Inge Amundsen (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2020:9) 15 p.
U4 Issue | 2020

Reciprocity networks, service delivery, and corruption: The wantok system in Papua New Guinea

In all countries, informal systems of reciprocity influence the distribution of state resources. These social networks help people cope with adversity but can also promote favouritism and corruption, posing a...
Grant Walton, David Jackson (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2020:1)
Book Chapter | 2019

Stuck in Transition: Political Corruption as Power Abuse

The final chapter summarises some of the findings of the previous country analyses, against the background of the conceptual pair of extractive and power-preserving political corruption. It is argued that...
Inge Amundsen (2019)
in Inge Amundsen (ed.): Political Corruption in Africa. Extraction and Power Preservation. Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishers Ltd.
Journal Article | 2019

A little skin in the game: reducing moral hazard in joint liability lending through a mandatory collateral requirement

While joint liability group lending has been shown to resolve information problems in rural credit markets, the mutual insurance against default provided by such contracts is subject to moral hazard,...
Jon Einar Flåtnes, Michael R. Carter (2019)
in Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization vol. 164 pp. 199-214
Report in External Series | 2019

The “CIA’s Army”: A Threat to Human Rights and an Obstacle to Peace in Afghanistan

Afghan paramilitary forces working with the United States Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) have long been a staple in the US war on terrorism in Afghanistan and the border region with...
Astri Suhrke and Antonio De Lauri (2019)
Providence: The Watson Institute for International and Public Affairs, Brown University (Costs of War) 14 p.
Journal Article | 2019

Adolescent pregnancy and social norms in Zambia

Early pregnancy occurs frequently in Zambia and is considered a public health issue. The aim of this study was to improve understanding of how gendered sexual norms make young unmarried...
Joar Svanemyr (2019)
in Culture, Health & Sexuality
Journal Article | 2019

Candidate selection and informal soft quotas for women: gender imbalance in political recruitment in Zambia

Vibeke Wang and Ragnhild L. Muriaas (2019)
in Politics, Groups, & Identities (Published online 03 Jan 2019)
Journal Article | 2019

Active private sector development policies revisited: Impacts of the Ethiopian industrial cluster policy

We analyze impacts of a cluster policy aiming to increase firm growth through maximizing agglomeration benefits and improving production facilities. Firms located in a natural cluster were incentivized to move...
Tigabu Getahun and Espen Villanger (2019)
in Journal of Development Studies vol. 55 no. 7 pp. 1548-1564
Journal Article | 2019

Factors influencing the use of reproductive health care services among married adolescent girls in Dang District, Nepal: a qualitative study

Background: Child marriage is associated with adverse reproductive health outcomes, and the practice is still alarmingly common. Together with efforts to end child marriage, it is essential to provide adequate...
Binita Maharjan, Poonam Rishal and Joar Svanemyr (2019)
in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth vol. 19 no. 152 pp. 1-9
Newspaper Op-Ed | 2019

Europas nye grensevakter

Er vi med på å støtte en utvikling som sender enda flere flyktninger til Europa? Gunnar Sørbø, in Bergens Tidende, 05.05.19 Over en million migranter krysset Middelhavet under flyktningkrisen i 2015. 850,000 av...
Gunnar M. Sørbø (2019)
Bergens Tidende 05.05.19