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CMI Working Paper | Oct 2019

Managing the born-free generation: Zimbabwe’s strategies for dealing with the youth

A rich literature on Africa’s autocratic and repressive regimes has discussed the diverse strategies through which these regimes seek to consolidate and stay in power. Prominent strategies include election rigging,...
Marjoke Oosterom and Simbarashe Gukurume (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2019:02)
Sudan Brief | Sep 2019

The paradox of federalism and decentralisation in South Sudan: An instrument and an obstacle for peace

A power sharing agreement and the inauguration of a new government in South Sudan has been put to a halt. Disagreement on the number of states and local self-government, security...
Lovise Aalen (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Brief 2019:01) 5 p.
U4 Brief | Aug 2019

‘Kenyapowerless’ – Corruption as 'Problem Solving' in Kenya's Periphery

Rising demand for electricity in the Kenyan periphery has created opportunities for corruption. Decentralised solar electricity exists, but those running a business from home using modern appliances need more energy....
Festus Boamah, David Aled Williams (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2019:1)
Journal Article | Mar 2019

Policy implementation under stress: Central-local government relations in property tax administration in Tanzania

Inter-organisational cooperation in revenue collection has received limited attention in the tax administration literature. Recent experiences from Tanzania offer a unique opportunity to examine opportunities and challenges facing such cooperation...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Merima Ali and Lucas Katera (2019)
in Journal of Financial Management of Property and Construction
U4 Issue | Jan 2019

Cambodia's anti-corruption regime 2008-2018: A critical political economy approach

(THIS PUBLICATION IS TEMPORARILY UNAVAILABLE DUE TO A REVISION. WE APOLOGISE FOR ANY INCONVENIENCE CAUSED). Cambodia's anti-corruption reforms have been critical to consolidating power in the hands of the ruling Cambodian...
Jacqui Baker, Sarah Milne (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2019:1)
Report in External Series | 2018

Mid-term evaluation of Swedish government funded civil society support through the AGIR II programme in Mozambique 2014-2020

This report presents findings, conclusions and recommendations from the Mid-term Evaluation of Swedish government funded Civil Society support through the AGIR II Programme in Mozambique. The Swedish support to civil...
Inge Tvedten (2018)
Stockholm: Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida Decentralised Evaluation no. 2018:8) 115 p.
Report in External Series | 2018

Evaluation of the Sida supported research capacity and higher education development programme in Rwanda, 2013-2017

Research cooperation between Sida and the university sector in Rwanda has been carried out in three phases since 2002, with the current phase (2013-2018) being the main focus of this...
Inge Tvedten, Arthur Byabagambi, Johanna Lindström, Matti Tedre (2018)
Stockholm: Sida (Sida Decentralised Evaluation no. 2018:3)
Book | 2018

Manipulating political decentralisation: Africa's Inclusive Autocrats

Can autocrats establish representative subnational governments? And which strategies of manipulation are available if they would like to reduce the uncertainty caused by introducing political decentralisation? In the wake of...
Lovise Aalen and Ragnhild L. Muriaas (2018)
New York: Routledge (Conceptualising Comparative Politics) 176 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2018

Policy implementation under stress: Central-local government relations in property tax collection in Tanzania

Inter-organisational cooperation in revenue collection has received limited attention in the tax administration literature. Recent experiences from Tanzania offer a unique opportunity to examine opportunities and challenges facing such cooperation...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Merima Ali and Lucas Katera (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2018:1) 27 p.
CMI Insight | 2017

Taxing the urban boom in Tanzania: Central versus local government property tax collection

Effective collection of property taxes requires constructive working relations between the central government revenue authority and the municipalities, independent of the mode of administration. Clear division of function and responsibility...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Merima Ali, Lucas Katera (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Insight 2017:3) 8 p.
Book Chapter | 2017

Theory and practise of decentralization by devolution: Lessons from a research programme in Tanzania (2002-13)

What impact did Tanzania’s decentralization reform have on local governance, finances and service delivery? To what extent are the central-local government relationships changed with respect to resource allocation and responsibilities...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad and Lucas Katera (2017)
in Donald Mmari and Samuel Wangwe : Research and policy nexus: Perspectives from twenty years of policy research in Tanzania. . Dar es Salaam: Mkukui na Nyota Publishers Ltd. pp. 34-56
Sudan Report | 2017

Governance and Fiscal Federalism in Sudan, 1989–2015: Exploring Political and Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations in an Unstable Polity

This report analyses the implementation and impact of decentralisation in Sudan: To what extent has the efforts to implement decentralisation policies actually devolved power and fiscal resources to sub-national levels,...
Atta El-Hassan El-Battahani, Hassan Ali Gadkarim (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Report SR 2017:1) 44 p.
Report in External Series | 2017

Evaluation of Swedish government research cooperation with Eduardo Mondlane University, Mozambique 2011-2016

This report presents the findings, conclusions and recommendations of an Evaluation of Swedish government research cooperation with Eduardo Mondlane University, Mozambique. The purpose of this evaluation is to analyse, assess,...
Stein-Erik Kruse, Inge Tvedten, Matti Tedre, Carmeliza Rosário (2017)
Stockholm: Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida Decentralised Evaluation no. 2017:9) 114 p.
Journal Article | 2017

Power calculations and political decentralisation in African post-conflict states

Although many African governments introduced provisions for subnational elections in the early 1990s, there is variation in the extent to which these reforms were implemented and sustained. Our inductive analysis...
Lovise Aalen, Ragnhild Muriaas (2017)
in International Political Science Review
Report in External Series | 2016

Considering the State: Perspectives on South Sudan's subdivision and federalism debate

In October 2015, the president of the Republic of South Sudan, Salva Kiir Mayardit, decreed a change in the country’s administrative structure and increased the number of states from 10...
Mareike Schomerus and Lovise Aalen (eds.) (2016)
Overseas Development Institute /Chr. Michelsen Institute no. August 2016
CMI Brief | 2016

Women in Local Government. A Potential Arena for Women’s Substantive Representation

Local government is an important avenue for getting practical experience in participating in politics before moving on to the national arena. Advocates of decentralisation argue that it opens up avenues...
Asiyati Lorraine Chiweza (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 13) 4 p.
Journal Article | 2015

Opposition parties and the decentralisation process in South Africa and Zambia

Theories of democratic decentralisation in democratising states suggest that such reforms will provide significant opportunities for parties in opposition at the national level by multiplying the arenas of political contestation....
Ragnhild Louise Muriaas, Lars Svåsand (2015)
in Commonwealth & Comparative Politics vol. 53 no. 4 pp. 475-496
Book Chapter | 2015

When the terrain does not fit the map: Local government taxation in Africa

Fiscal decentralisation – the devolution of revenue mobilisation and spending powers to lower levels of government – has become a main theme of governance over the past two decades. A...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad (2015)
in Anne Mette Kjær, Lars Engberg Pedersen and Lars Buur: Perspectives on politics, production and public administration in Africa. Essays in honour of Ole Therkildsen. . Copenhagen: Danish Institute for International Studies (DIIS) pp. 147-158
CMI Brief | 2014

Fiscal decentralisation in developing countries: Lessons for Bangladesh

There is an ongoing debate in Bangladesh in civil society and among policymakers, whether the country should move from a highly centralised unitary state to a more devolved entity. Demand...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad (2014)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 13 no. 2) 4 p.
Angola Brief | 2014

Arguments for democratic decentralisation in Angola: If challenges remain the same, why delay the autarquias?

Is the Government once again going to delay local elections and democratic decentralisation? The 2010 Constitution renewed the Angolan state’s commitment to such a process, and the President of the...
Aslak Orre, Nelson Pestana (2014)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Angola Brief vol. 4 no. 6) 4 p.