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Sudan Working Paper | 2020

Food Security and Agricultural Development in Sudan: The case of Kassala State

This research discusses the relationship between agricultural development and food security, determinants of supply of (production of food) and demand for (consumption of food) food and determinants of food insecurity...
Prof. Dr. Samia Mohamed Nour, Dr. Eltayeb Mohamedain (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2020:1)
Journal Article | 2019

The political economy of banking in Angola

From inauspicious beginnings in a post-socialist, highly dysfunctionalfinancial system, Angolan banking grew in less than a decade after theend of the country's long civil war into one of Africa's largest....
Manuel Ennes Ferreira and Ricardo Soares de Oliveira (2019)
in African Affairs vol. 118 no. 470 pp. 49-74
Journal Article | 2018

Diversification and democracy

Does diversification of an economy improve the chances of democracy? In theory, diversification may reduce elite cohesion and improve citizen outside options, making democracy more likely. This paper estimates the...
Ivar Kolstad and Arne Wiig (2018)
in International Political Science Review vol. 39 no. 4 pp. 551-569
Report in External Series | 2017

Country Evaluation Brief: Malawi

Malawi is one of the world's least developed countries, with a poverty rate that is consistently high compared to other countries in sub-Saharan Africa and declining at a slower pace. The...
Inge Amundsen (2017)
Norad Country Evaluation Brief
Book Chapter | 2016

Diversification of employment in Angola 2002-2014

Ivar Kolstad, Alves da Rocha, Arne Wiig (2016)
in Universidade Católica de Angola: Relatório Económico de Angola 2015. Luanda: Angola Catholic University Press pp. 172-182
Book Chapter | 2016

Diversification of employment in Angola 2002-2014

Arne Wiig, Ivar Kolstad (2016)
in Universidade Católica de Angola:Estudos sobre a diversificacao da economia Angolana . Luanda: Angola Catholic University Press pp. 203 -213
Journal Article | 2015

Diversification of employment in Angola 2002-2014

Ivar Kolstad, Alves da Rocha, Arne Wiig (2015)
in Lucere - Revista Académica da UCAN vol. Dezembro 2015 pp. 35-48
CMI Report | 2015

Diversification and Development,or “White Elephants”? Transport in Angola’s Lobito Corridor

The Angolan government has put much emphasis on rehabilitating and expanding the country’s transport infrastructure. Assisted by oil revenues, foreign construction companies, credits lines and loans Angola has embarked upon...
Ana Duarte, Fernando Pacheco, Regina Santos, Elling N. Tjønneland (2015)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2015:07) 44 p.
Journal Article | 2014

Diversification, income, and democracy: A descriptive overview

Ivar Kolstad and Arne Wiig (2014)
in Lucere - Revista Académica da UCAN vol. September 2014 pp. 115-128
CMI Insight | 2014

Diversification of the Angolan economy

Angola has the second most concentrated economy in the world, oil representing more than 97 per cent of its exports in 2011. Concentration has increased since independence in 1975, and...
Alves da Rocha, Regina Santos, Luís Bonfim, Francisco Miguel Paulo , Ivar Kolstad and Arne Wiig (2014)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Insight no. 2014:5) 6 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2014

Diversification and democracy

Does diversification of an economy improve the chances of democracy? This paper estimates the effect of export diversification on democracy levels, using data from 143 countries. The endogeneity of diversification...
Ivar Kolstad and Arne Wiig (2014)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2014:9) 36 p.
Angola Brief | 2012

Does diversification improve institutions in resource rich countries?

Angola is the world’s second most concentrated country in terms of exports. Furthermore, concentration has increased during recent years. Angola also faces the challenge of a resource curse prevalent in...
Arne Wiig, Ivar Kolstad (2012)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Angola Brief vol. 2 no. 5) 4 p.
Report in External Series | 2012

Who Rules Nigeria?

Nigeria has experienced military coups, a civil war and very poor economic development, and its population is more impoverished today than at independence. Behind this lies the “oil curse”. The...
Inge Amundsen (2012)
Oslo: NOREF - Norwegian Peacebuilding Resource Centre (Report no. Report November 2012) 7 p.
Newspaper Op-Ed | 2012

Is oil-rich Angola a development success?

Ten years after the end of its civil war, Angola, which is heading to the polls Friday, has been transformed into a regional African power with a strong economy, but...
Arne Wiig and Ivar Kolstad (2012)
CNN 30.08.2012
Journal Article | 2012

Does the Nonfarm Economy Offer Pathways for Upward Mobility? Evidence from a Panel Data Study in Ethiopia

Empirical studies across many developing countries routinely document a positive correlation between participation in rural nonfarm employment and households’ wealth or income. This paper explores whether nonfarm employment leads to...
Sosina Bezu, Christopher B. Barrett, Stein T. Holden (2012)
in World Development vol. 40 no. 8 1634-1646 p.
Journal Article | 2012

Employment Dynamics in the Rural Nonfarm Sector in Ethiopia: Do the Poor Have Time on Their Side?

We study rural employment transitions in Ethiopia between farming and both low- and high-return nonfarm employment. We find that initial asset holdings and access to saving and credit are important...
Sosina Bezu, Christopher B. Barrett (2012)
in The Journal of Development Studies vol. 48 no. 9 pp. 1223-1240
Angola Brief | 2012

Taking stock of the tax reform process in Angola, and why tax incentives should be avoided

Angola is currently implementing a tax reform. The main objective of the reform is to increase non-oil tax revenues by broadening the tax base, rationalize incentives, increase control with voluntary...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Søren Kirk Jensen, Aslak Orre (2012)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Angola Brief vol. 2 no. 1) 4 p.
Journal Article | 2012

Regional variation in livelihood strategies in Malawi

We identified livelihood strategies at the household level as a function of assets held using survey data from Malawi. We only included endowments that we expected to be predetermined. As...
Magnus Hatlebakk (2012)
in South African Journal of Economics vol. 80 no. 1 pp. 62-76
Journal Article | 2012

If diversification is good, why don't countries diversify more? The political economy of diversification in resource- rich countries

For resource-rich countries, diversification is claimed to represent a strategy for reducing resource curse problems. This, however, depends on whether diversification has a positive effect on the country’s institutions. While...
Arne Wiig and Ivar Kolstad (2012)
in Energy Policy vol. 40 no. 1 pp. 196-203
Journal Article | 2010

Networks, middlemen and other (urban) labour market mysteries

The purpose of this paper is to explore the roles of social networks and intermediares in recruitment and as instruments to control the workforce in lower end urban labour markets...
Vegard Iversen and Gaute Torsvik (2010)
in Indian Growth and Development Review vol. 3 no. 1 pp. 62-80