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Journal Article | forthcoming 2020

Too big to fault? Effects of the 2010 Nobel Peace Prize on Norwegian exports to China and foreign policy

In October 2010, the Norwegian Nobel Committee awarded the Nobel peace prize to Chinese dissident Liu Xiaobo. The Chinese government responded by freezing political and economic relations with Norway, introducing...
Ivar Kolstad (2020)
in International Political Science Review vol. 41 no. 2 pp. 207-223
Journal Article | forthcoming 2020

European colonization and the corruption of local elites: the case of chiefs in Africa

The association between British colonial rule and lower levels of corruption is often emphasized in legal origins literature (La Porta et al., 2008). However, given the historical context of Africa, we hypothesize...
Merima Ali, Odd-Helge Fjeldstad and Abdulaziz Shifa (2020)
in Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization vol. 179
Journal Article | Oct 2020

Corruption and Anti-Corruption in Environmental and Resource Management

Corruption significantly affects the large majority of countries, and it has negative social and economic impacts. Its impacts on environmental and resource management (ERM) sectors are less well understood. We...
Luca Tacconi, David Aled Williams (2020)
in Annual Review of Environment and Resources vol. 45
Book Chapter | Sep 2020

Corruption in customs: How can it be tackled?

This chapter examines recent experiences in combating corruption in customs administration in developing countries. There is no lack of measures, norms, standards or ‘best practices’ to address corruption. Although development...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Ernani Checcucci Filho and Gaël Raballand (2020)
in World Bank (2020): Enhancing Government Effectiveness and Transparency: The Fight Against Corruption. Washington D.C.
Book | Sep 2020

Fishers, Monks and Cadres: Navigating State, Religion and the South China Sea in Central Vietnam, co-published by NIAS Press and the University of Hawai'i Press (Paperback February 2021)

This remarkable and timely ethnography explores how fishing communities living on the fringe of the South China Sea in central Vietnam interact with state and religious authorities as well as...
Edyta Roszko (2020)
NIAS Press and the University of Hawai'i Press
Journal Article | Aug 2020

Legal Reform or Erasure of History? The Politics of Moral Crimes in Afghanistan

Aziz Hakimi, Masooma Sa'adat (2020)
in Central Asian Survey
U4 Practitioner Experience Note | Aug 2020

Twenty years with anti-corruption. Part 10. Keeping the vision alive: new methods, new ambitions

The last 20 years has seen a solid international architecture established to fight corruption. However, the pace of progress has slowed in recent years. Two critical problems are that the...
Phil Mason OBE (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Practitioner Experience Note 2020:10)
CMI Brief | Jul 2020

UN Security Council Resolution 1325: Peacebuilding in Africa 20 years after its adoption

20 years ago the United Nations Security Council adopted Resolution 1325. The resolution underscored the important role of women in the prevention and resolution of conflicts and called for their...
Aili Mari Tripp (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2020:08) 6 p.
Journal Article | Jul 2020

Polygynous Neighbors, Excess Men, and Intergroup Conflict in Rural Africa

We argue that polygyny creates a social imbalance where few, economically well-off men marry many wives and many poor men marry late or never. By definition, polygyny produces what we...
Carlo Koos, Clara Neupert-Wentz (2020)
in Journal of Conflict Resolution vol. 64 no. 2-3 pp. 402-431
Master's Thesis | Jun 2020

The effect of a supply shock in the production of cocaine on violence: Evidence from Colombia and Venezuela

Using data on coca cultivation and homicides, this paper analyzes an otherwise little researched topic, linking cocaine production and violence in Colombia. I use an exogenous supply shock in gasoline,...
Monica Beeder (2020)
CMI Report | Jun 2020

Literature Review: Democracy and Human Rights in contemporary Latin America (2015-2020) Trends, challenges, and prospects

Abstract Through a review of scholarly and other well-informed articles as well as media reports, this CMI Report aims to summarize discussions on challenges for democracy and human rights in Latin...
Vegard Bye, Dr.philos, CMI Affiliated Researcher, Senior Partner Scanteam Peder Østebø, M.A., Graduate Research Fellow, NUPI (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2020:01)
Journal Article | Jun 2020

Armed governance: the case of the CIA-supported Afghan militias

This article examines the genealogy and behavior of the CIA militias in Afghanistan against the backdrop of persistent armed governance whereby a plurality of actors competes over control and rule....
Antonio De Lauri, Astri Suhrke (2020)
in Small Wars and Insurgency
CMI Brief | Jun 2020

La diplomatie humanitaire

Améliorer l’accès à l’aide humanitaire dans les conflits et dans les situations d’urgence complexes a toujours été la plus grande préoccupation pour les acteurs humanitaires. Historiquement l’humanitarisme a été conduit...
Antonio De Lauri (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2020:06) 4 p.
CMI Working Paper | Jun 2020

Preparing to leave? Household mobility decisions in climate affected areas of coastal Bangladesh

Abstract We present unique survey data on the migration predictions of 400 households in two extremely climate exposed unions of coastal Bangladesh. We have four main findings. First, despite having prospects...
Arne Wiig, Minhaj Mahmud, Ivar Kolstad, Päivi Lujala, Sosina Bezu (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2020:04) 33 p.
Journal Article | Jun 2020

Does an economics education produce technocratic paternalists? Experimental evidence from Tanzania

When confronted with information that ordinary citizens do not care that strongly about efficiency, do economists change their views of optimal public policy? In a randomized experiment on tax preferences...
Ivar Kolstad, Arne Wiig and Odd-Helge Fjeldstad (2020)
in Journal of Development Studies vol. 56
U4 Brief | Jun 2020

Covid-19 and donor financing. Minimising corruption risks while ensuring efficiency

With the spread of the Covid-19 pandemic, development aid and donor agencies face new challenges. They have to deliver essential products and financial assistance in a short time frame to...
Guillaume Nicaise (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2020:10)
U4 Brief | May 2020

Covid-19, cash transfers, and corruption

Cash transfer programmes are being created and extended in developing countries as an economic response to Covid-19. Many donors are increasing their support for these programmes. However, the scale and...
Inge Amundsen (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2020:9) 15 p.
U4 Issue | May 2020

Identifying feasible, high-impact anti-corruption interventions. The case of Albania

In developing and transition countries, blanket anti-corruption efforts often fail due to economic constraints and political resistance. In such contexts, development practitioners should target specific anti-corruption interventions that promise highest...
Luca J. Uberti (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2020:9)
CMI Insight | Mar 2020

The changing role of Chinese development aid

In recent years, China has significantly increased its development interventions. China is now among the major providers of aid to Africa. Foreign aid has become an important tool in the...
Elling Tjønneland (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Insight 2020:1) 8 p.
CMI Working Paper | Feb 2020

A place-based framework for assessing resettlement capacity in the context of climate change induced displacement

Place-based resettlement capacity assessments to identify potential resettlement places for climate migrants are needed to guide climate change related resettlement programs. The authors propose and validate a conceptual climate change...
Solomon Zena Walelign, Päivi Lujala (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2020:3) 46 p.