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Book Chapter | Sep 2020

Corruption in customs: How can it be tackled?

This chapter examines recent experiences in combating corruption in customs administration in developing countries. There is no lack of measures, norms, standards or ‘best practices’ to address corruption. Although development...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Ernani Checcucci Filho and Gaël Raballand (2020)
in World Bank (2020): Enhancing Government Effectiveness and Transparency: The Fight Against Corruption. Washington D.C.
U4 Practitioner Experience Note | Aug 2020

Twenty years with anti-corruption. Part 9. The UK’s changing anti-corruption landscape – new energy, new horizons

Between 2013 and 2018, the UK made unusually rapid progress in improving instruments to address corruption. These advances included legal reforms, such as establishing beneficial ownership registers, Deferred Prosecution Agreements,...
Phil Mason OBE (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Practitioner Experience Note 2020:9)
CMI Report | Jun 2020

Literature Review: Democracy and Human Rights in contemporary Latin America (2015-2020) Trends, challenges, and prospects

Abstract Through a review of scholarly and other well-informed articles as well as media reports, this CMI Report aims to summarize discussions on challenges for democracy and human rights in Latin...
Vegard Bye, Dr.philos, CMI Affiliated Researcher, Senior Partner Scanteam Peder Østebø, M.A., Graduate Research Fellow, NUPI (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2020:01)
Journal Article | Jun 2020

The non-oil tax reform in Angola: Escaping from petroleum dependency?

  Angola experienced an extraordinary oil boom between 2004 and 2014. During this period, oil revenue accounted for 80% of all government revenue. In 2011, the Government of Angola started implementing...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Aslak Orre and Francisco Paulo (2020)
in The Extractive Industries and Society vol. 7
Book Chapter | Jun 2020

Relieving Women’s Costs of Standing for Election: Malawi’s 50/50 Campaigns

Vibeke Wang, Happy Kayuni, Asiyati Chiweza, Samantha Soyiyo (2020)
in Ragnhild Louise Muriaas, Vibeke Wang, Rainbow Murray: Gendered Electoral Financing. Money, Power and Representation in Comparative Perspective. London: Routledge
Book Chapter | Jun 2020

Legislated Candidate Quotas with Reward for Compliance in Cabo Verde: Victory for No One?

Aleida C. Borges, Ragnhild L. Muriaas, Vibeke Wang (2020)
in Ragnhild Louise Muriaas, Vibeke Wang, Rainbow Murray: Gendered Electoral Financing. Money, Power and Representation in Comparative Perspective. London: Routledge
Book Chapter | Jun 2020

Introducing the Concept of Gendered Electoral Financing

Ragnhild Louise Muriaas, Vibeke Wang, Rainbow Murray (2020)
in Ragnhild Louise Muriaas, Vibeke Wang, Rainbow Murray: Gendered Electoral Financing. Money, Power and Representation in Comparative Perspective. London: Routledge
Edited Book | Jun 2020

Gendered Electoral Financing: Money, Power and Representation in Comparative Perspective

Ragnhild Louise Muriaas, Vibeke Wang, Rainbow Murray (2020)
London: Routledge (Gender and Comparative Politics) 178 p.
Journal Article | Jan 2020

Sheikhs and the City: Urban Paths of Contention in Sidon, Lebanon

This article examines the rise and fall of the “Assir movement,” a neo-Salafist campaign led by a charismatic local sheikh who, after years of community activism, rose to prominence in the...
Are John Knudsen (2020)
in Conflict and Society vol. 6 no. 1 pp. 34-51
Journal Article | Jan 2020

The Customer is King: Evidence on VAT Compliance in Tanzania

Value Added Tax (VAT) has emerged as one of the main modes of raising tax revenue worldwide, but has significantly underperformed as a revenue source in African countries. To improve...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Cecilia Kagoma, Ephraim Mdee, Ingrid Hoem Sjursen, Vincent Somville (2020)
in World Development vol. 128
Journal Article | 2019

The right to abortion in Tunisia after the revolution of 2011: Legal, medical and social arrangements seen through seven abortion stories

In this article, we explore the effects that Tunisia’s post-revolutionary democratization process has had on the right to abortion, drawing on ethnographic material, interviews, and medical files that we collected...
Irene Maffi and Malika Affes (2019)
in Health and Human Rights Journal vol. 21 no. 2 pp. 69-78
Newspaper Op-Ed | 2019

Why fix KPK when it is not broken?

Indonesia’s most promising attempt at controlling corruption and an inspiration for its peers internationally is about to lose a lot of what enabled it to be so effective and trusted...
Sofie Arjon Schütte (2019)
Jakarta Post 27 September
CMI Brief | 2019

The role of ICT in property tax administration: Lessons from Tanzania

A key problem facing revenue administrations in many developing countries is that they operate manual paper-based recording systems. This is particularly the case for property taxation. Revenue leakages are common...
William McCluskey, Chyi-Yun Huang (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2019:06) 4 p.
Journal Article | 2019

Policy implementation under stress: Central-local government relations in property tax administration in Tanzania

Inter-organisational cooperation in revenue collection has received limited attention in the tax administration literature. Recent experiences from Tanzania offer a unique opportunity to examine opportunities and challenges facing such cooperation...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Merima Ali and Lucas Katera (2019)
in Journal of Financial Management of Property and Construction vol. 26 no. 2 pp. 129-147
U4 Issue | 2019

Follow the integrity trendsetter. How to support change in youth opinion and build social trust

In some societies people come to see corruption as the norm. When popular opinion in a country normalises corruption, this results in low trust in public administration. In Nepal, a...
Jenny Bentley, Saul Mullard (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2019:3)
Journal Article | 2019

Local power dynamics and petty corruption in Burundi

Based on five months’ field research in two districts of Burundi (Bukeye and Mabayi), this case study analyses tax collectors’ rationales and informal practices during their interactions with citizens. The...
Guillaume Nicaise (2019)
in Journal of Eastern African Studies vol. 13 no. 4 pp. 698-717
Journal Article | 2018

Introducing post-discharge malaria chemoprevention (PMC) for management of severe anemia in Malawian children: a qualitative study of community health workers’ perceptions and motivation

Background Severe malarial anaemia is one of the leading causes of paediatric hospital admissions in Malawi. Post-discharge malaria chemoprevention (PMC) is the intermittent administration of full treatment courses of antimalarial to...
Thandile Nkosi-Gondwe, Bjarne Robberstad, Björn Blomberg, Kamija S. Phiri, Siri Lange (2018)
in BMC Health Services Research vol. 18 no. 984 pp. 1-15
Report in External Series | 2018

The Customer is King: Evidence on VAT Compliance in Tanzania

Like governments in many other African countries, the Government of Tanzania has been striving to improve the effectiveness of its value added tax (VAT) regime by reducing tax evasion through...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Cecilia Kagoma, Ephraim Mdee, Ingrid Hoem Sjursen and Vincent Somville (2018)
Brighton: International Centre for Tax and Development (ICTD) (ICTD Working Paper no. 83) 28 p.
Journal Article | 2018

Counter-mobilization against child marriage reform in Africa

Legislating a minimum age of marriage at 18 has stirred counter-mobilization in some, but not all, countries where religious or traditional institutions enjoy constitutional authority. To explore differences between states...
Ragnhild L. Muriaas, Liv Tønnessen, Vibeke Wang (2018)
in Political Studies, first published online: December 1, 2017 vol. 66 no. 4 pp. 851-868
U4 Issue | 2018

Promoting electoral integrity through aid: Analysis and advice for donors

Despite increased donor spending on electoral integrity, elections in democratising countries often suffer from irregularities, intimidation, and corruption. Based on an analysis of new indicators, we suggest that practitioners should...
Luca J. Uberti , David Jackson (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2018:5)