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U4 Brief | Jul 2020

Emergency release of people from prison because of Covid-19. A brief analysis through an anti-corruption lens

Many countries are implementing emergency releases of people from prison to mitigate the spread of Covid-19. Such measures, while critical to public health, can enable the unjust release from prison...
Victoria Jennett (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2020:11)
U4 Issue | May 2020

Values education for public integrity. What works and what doesn’t

Schools and universities in various countries are teaching youth about integrity norms and values. Despite limited evidence on effectiveness, some good practices and lessons learned have emerged. Development partners, multilateral...
Carissa Munro, Monica Kirya (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2020:8)
Sudan Brief | Mar 2020

Irregular Migration or Human Trafficking? The Realities of Cross-border Population Mobility in Western Sudan

A new public discourse labels irregular migration as human trafficking. The new discourse has been shaped by emerging globalized migration patterns and the increased securitization of Europe’s borders.  This brief...
Abdelmageed M. Yahya (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Brief 2020:1) 4 p.
CMI Brief | Feb 2020

Everyday humanitarian diplomacy: Experiences from border areas

The term humanitarian diplomacy (HD) emerged in early 2000s. HD recognises the role of humanitarian actors when negotiating access, assistance and protection for civilians in situations of extreme insecurity and...
Cristina Churruca Muguruza (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2020:2) 4 p.
CMI Brief | Feb 2020

Candidate selection and informal soft quotas for women: Insights from Zambia

What does it take for a female politician to win a party nomination? We still know little about women’s entry into politics in countries without formal gender quotas. Using data...
Vibeke Wang, Ragnhild L. Muriaas (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2020:1) 4 p.
Journal Article | Jan 2020

The Customer is King: Evidence on VAT Compliance in Tanzania

Value Added Tax (VAT) has emerged as one of the main modes of raising tax revenue worldwide, but has significantly underperformed as a revenue source in African countries. To improve...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Cecilia Kagoma, Ephraim Mdee, Ingrid Hoem Sjursen, Vincent Somville (2020)
in World Development vol. 128
Sudan Brief | 2019

Sudan’s popular uprising and the demise of Islamism

This Sudan Brief is concerned with the fractionalization of Islamism during Bashir’s rule (1989-2019). It does not focus on the details of Bashir’s brutal rule, rather, it is about the...
Munzoul A. M. Assal (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2019:3) 4 p.
Journal Article | 2019

A Critique of the Humanitarian (B)order of Things

The reification of humanitarian borders generates a politics of crisis that weakens the capacity to produce structural political changes and legitimizes exceptionalism and the reproduction of hierarchized borders. In this...
Antonio De Lauri (2019)
in Journal of Identity and Migration Studies vol. 13 no. 2 pp. 148-166
Edited Book | 2019

The Handbook of Law and Society in Latin America

Understanding law and its efficacy in Latin America demands concepts distinct from the hegemonic notions of rule of law which have dominated debates on law, politics and society, and that...
Rachel Sieder, Karina Ansolabehere and Tatiana Alfonso (2019)
New York: Routledge
Journal Article | 2019

Emergency Urbanism in Sabra, Beirut.

Since the mid-1980s, generations of displaced people have sought refuge in the ramshackle buildings that were once the Gaza-Ramallah Hospital, a multi-story hospital complex built by the Palestinian Liberation Organization...
Are John Knudsen (2019)
in Public Anthropologist vol. 1 no. 2 pp. 171-193
Journal Article | 2019

The Taliban and the humanitarian soldier: Configurations of freedom and humanity in Afghanistan

Humanitarian wars are a primary means of globally affirming a specific model of humanity, built according to the cultural, moral, and economic standards of Western democracies. How are forms of...
Antonio De Lauri (2019)
in Anuac vol. 8 no. 1 pp. 31-57
CMI Brief | 2019

The role of ICT in property tax administration: Lessons from Tanzania

A key problem facing revenue administrations in many developing countries is that they operate manual paper-based recording systems. This is particularly the case for property taxation. Revenue leakages are common...
William McCluskey, Chyi-Yun Huang (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2019:06) 4 p.
CMI Report | 2019

Turkish foreign policy: structures and decision-making processes

On 16 April 2017 Turkish voters went to the polls to deliver their verdict on a set of constitutional amendments that would replace the existing parliamentary system with that of...
Siri Neset, Chr. Michelsen Institute, Mustafa Aydın, Kadir Has University, Hasret Dikici Bilgin, Istanbul Bilgi University, Metin Gürcan, Episteme Turkey, Arne Strand, Chr. Michelsen Institute (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2019:3)
CMI Brief | 2019

Petroleum’s potential impact on future state-society relations in Tanzania

Tanzanian citizens continue to have high expectations about the benefits that the country’s emerging petroleum sector will provide them with, yet they possess low knowledge about the sector. Policy makers...
Kendra Dupuy, Lucas Katera (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2019:03) 4 p.
Book Chapter | 2019

Peace Agreements

Peace agreements are the codification of the terms of settlement between some or all conflict parties for the purpose of ending conflict between them. Between 1990 and 2018, over 1700...
Robert Forster (2019)
in Scott Romaniuk, Manish Thapa, Péter Marton: The Palgrave Encyclopedia of Global Security Studies. Cham: Palgrave MacMillan
Book Chapter | 2019

Introduction: Implementing Child Rights

The UN Convention for the Rights of the Child (CRC) has emerged as a central yardstick in assessing policies and practices concerning children. Norway has incorporated the convention in domestic...
Malcolm Langford, Marit Skivenes, Karl Harald Søvig and Tori Loven Kirkebø (2019)
in Malcolm Langford , Marit Skivenes and Karl Harald Søvig (eds.): Children's Rights in Norway An Implementation Paradox?. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget pp. 15-41
Book Chapter | 2019

The ‘Secret Loans Affair’ and Political Corruption in Mozambique

In 2016, the ‘secret loans affair’ sprung on to the Mozambican political scene with the discovery that three government-owned companies – controlled by the military intelligence – had borrowed around...
Adriano Nuvunga and Aslak Orre (2019)
in Inge Amundsen (ed.): Political Corruption in Africa. Extraction and Power Preservation. Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishers Ltd.
Book Chapter | 2019

Locating China's Maritime Silk Road in the context of the South China Sea disputes

The South China Sea (SCS) is a bitterly contested maritime battleground for state sovereignty, oil and gas and, perhaps above all, for the marine resources on which large populations of...
Edyta Roszko (2019)
in Carmen Amado Mendes: China's New Silk Road: An Emerging World Order. London: Routledge: Taylor&Francis Group pp. 165-179
Journal Article | 2018

Maputo: Ethnography of a Divided City

Rapid urbanisation is one of the most dramatic developments on the African continent, often yielding contrasting and shocking images of affluent businesses and residential districts alongside sprawling shantytowns or slums....
Inge Tvedten, Fábio Ribeiro, João Graca, Bjørn Bertelsen (2018)
in Journal of Anthropological Films vol. 2 no. 2
Sudan Brief | 2018

Drivers of child marriage in eastern Sudan

There are several causes that contribute to child marriage in eastern Sudan, including poverty, lack of education for girls, avoiding stigma and the legality of child marriage. However, tradition and...
Liv Tønnessen and Samia al-Nagar (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Brief 2018:02) 4 p.