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Journal Article | forthcoming 2020

European colonization and the corruption of local elites: the case of chiefs in Africa

The association between British colonial rule and lower levels of corruption is often emphasized in legal origins literature (La Porta et al., 2008). However, given the historical context of Africa, we hypothesize...
Merima Ali, Odd-Helge Fjeldstad and Abdulaziz Shifa (2020)
in Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization vol. 179
Journal Article | Oct 2020

Doing global investments the Nordic way. The 'business case' for Equinor’s support to union work among its employees in Tanzania

In the Nordic countries, unions are represented in company boards and can infl uence companies’ policies toward labor abroad. Th is article focuses on the Norwegian national oil company Equinor...
Siri Lange (2020)
in Focaal: Journal of Global and Historical Anthropology vol. 88 pp. 22-39
Journal Article | Jul 2020

Fighting Wildlife Trafficking: An Overview of the EU’s Implementation of Its Action Plan Against Wildlife Trafficking

Illegal wildlife trade is one of the most profitable criminal activities. Illegal wildlife usually comes from African and Asian countries, with destination countries including China, Malaysia, Vietnam, and Singapore. However,...
Sophie Lemaître; Nathalie Hervé-Fournereau (2020)
in Journal of International Wildlife Law & Policy vol. 23 no. 1 pp. 62-81
CMI Working Paper | Jun 2020

Preparing to leave? Household mobility decisions in climate affected areas of coastal Bangladesh

Abstract We present unique survey data on the migration predictions of 400 households in two extremely climate exposed unions of coastal Bangladesh. We have four main findings. First, despite having prospects...
Arne Wiig, Minhaj Mahmud, Ivar Kolstad, Päivi Lujala, Sosina Bezu (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2020:04) 33 p.
CMI Brief | 2019

The perfect enemy: From migrants to sexual minorities

Why did Poland´s conservative government, the Law and Justice Party, launch an attack on the rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual and trans people (LGBT) as part of their 2019 European...
Siri Gloppen,Lise Rakner (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2019:05) 4 p.
Journal Article | 2019

Elite behaviour and citizen mobilization

This paper studies the relation between self-serving elite behaviour and citizen political participation. We use a fixed effects approach to analyze the association between portfolio investment in tax havens and...
Ivar Kolstad and Arne Wiig (2019)
in European Journal of Political Research vol. 58 no. 2 pp. 769-794
Journal Article | 2019

Ethnically Biased? Experimental Evidence from Kenya

Ethnicity has been shown to shape political, social, and economic behavior in Africa, but the underlying mechanisms remain contested. We utilize lab experiments to isolate one mechanism—an individual's bias in...
Lars Ivar Oppedal Berge, Kjetil Bjorvatn, Simon Galle, Edward Miguel, Daniel N. Posner, Bertil Tungodden, Kelly Zhang (2019)
in Journal of the European Economic Association vol. 18 no. 1
Journal Article | 2019

Humanitarian Militarism and the Production of Humanity

The limits and consequences of humanitarian military operations continue to be major issues in Western public debates on global security, democracy and human rights. This article focuses on the intersection...
Antonio De Lauri (2019)
in Social Anthropology vol. 27 no. 1 pp. 84-99
Book | 2019

The Internal Protection Alternative in Refugee Law: Treaty basis and scope of application under the 1951 Convention on the Status of Refugees and its 1967 Protocol

Under what circumstances can a state refuse refugee status to a person whose risk of persecution exists in only part of her country of origin? This book is the first...
Jessica Schultz (2019)
Brill Nijhoff (International Refugee Law Series no. 14)
CMI Brief | 2018

Love in Law – The Indian Supreme Court decides in favour of LGBT persons

On 6 September 2018, the Indian Supreme Court delivered a 493-pages-long verdict on LGBT rights and love. “Navtej Singh Johar v. Union of India” is arguably one of the most...
Vikram Kolmannskog (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2018:06) 4 p.
Report in External Series | 2018

Russian Use of Private Military and Security Companies - the implications for European and Norwegian Security

How does the Russian use of private military and security companies affect Russian use of force and what are the implications for European and Norwegian security? Over the past couple of...
Åse Gilje Østensen and Tor Bukkvoll (2018)
Oslo (FFI-rapport no. 18/01300) 53 p.
Master's Thesis | 2018

Safeguarding borders, or safeguarding queers?

While the political field of immigration is getting increasingly stringent throughout Europe, rights for queer individuals are progressively strengthened in Western parts of the world. These two parallel trends have made...
Yngvild Gotaas Torvik (2018)
Paris: CNRS-CERI Sciences Po 99 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2018

Building a better world by establishing a Truth Commission: Incomplete healing in El Salvador

On 17 October 1992, as a consultant to the Commission on the Truth for El Salvador, I visited the village of Corinto to collect stories of ‘grave cases of violence’....
Stener Ekern (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2018:7) 19 p.
Journal Article | 2018

Explaining municipal governance in Kosovo: local agency, credibility and party patronage

What can explain the varied effectiveness of internationally led attempts at statebuilding? This article seeks to answer this question by comparing the contrasting trajectories of governance in two municipalities in...
David Jackson (2018)
in Southeast European and Black Sea Studies vol. 18 no. 2 pp. 165-184
Sudan Report | 2018

Community Views on Child Marriage in Kassala: Prospects for Change

Child marriage is any formal marriage or informal union where one or both parties are under 18 years of age. Child marriage affects both boys and girls, but disproportionately affects...
Samia El Nagar, Manal Mahjoub, Adil Idris, Liv Tønnessen (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Report SR 2018:1)
U4 Brief | 2018

Corruption and migrant returns. Managing risk in assisted return programmes

To incentivise the return of rejected asylum-seekers and irregular migrants, most European states support Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration programmes. Corruption impacts these programmes? performance. However, corruption control measures can...
Erlend Paasche (2018)
Bergen: U4 Anti-Corruption Resource Centre, Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2018:1)
Report in External Series | 2017

Nepal: A political economy analysis

This report is an integrated political economy analysis of Nepal. The main finding is that economic growth and poverty reduction have been steady in Nepal since the mid-1980s independently of...
Magnus Hatlebakk (2017)
NUPI (Report)
U4 Practitioner Experience Note | 2017

Prosecuting corruption across borders: Eurojust – Interview with Maria Schnebli

For fifteen years, Eurojust’s operational focus has been set by the European Commission’s Agendas on Security and Migration: treating terrorism, illegal immigrant smuggling and cybercrime as priorities. Corruption cases, which...
Sofie Arjon Schütte (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Practitioner Experience Note 2017:3)
Sudan Report | 2017

Girls, Child Marriage, and Education in Red Sea State, Sudan: Perspectives on Girls’ Freedom to Choose

Child marriage is any formal marriage or informal union where one or both parties are under 18 years of age. Child marriage affects both boys and girls, but disproportionately affects...
Samia El Nagar, Sharifa Bamkar, Liv Tønnessen (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Report SR 2017:3) 67 p.
Journal Article | 2017

Deciding over nature: Corruption and environmental impact assessments

Environmental Impact Assessments (EIAs) are an important analytic tool for identifying and potentially mitigating project risks and negative environmental and societal impacts. Their usefulness, however, depends on how they are...
Aled Williams and Kendra Dupuy (2017)
in Environmental Impact Assessment Review