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Book Chapter | Nov 2019

Congenitally Conjoined and Inseparable: Politics and Corruption in Nigeria

This chapter analyses political corruption in Nigeria through the trajectory of a number of scandals and their background. It underscores the resilience of political corruption in the country, where the...
Emmanuel Oladipo Ojo, Vaclav Prusa, Inge Amundsen (2019)
in Inge Amundsen (ed.): Political Corruption in Africa. Extraction and Power Preservation. Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishers Ltd.
Book | Sep 2019

Corruption, évitement fiscal, blanchiment dans le secteur extractif: de l'art de jouer avec le droit

Le pétrole, le gaz et les minerais sont des ressources indispensables pour le bon fonctionnement de nos économies et sont très convoitées. Elles sont ainsi particulièrement propices à l’émergence de...
Sophie Lemaître (2019)
Rennes: Presses Universitaires de Rennes (L'univers des normes)
Newspaper Op-Ed | 2018

Democracy decaying in Bangladesh

Bangladesh has taken yet another turn on its downwards spiral from democracy to authoritarianism. On 8 February 2018, a Bangladeshi judge convicted opposition leader Khaleda Zia — the nation’s former...
Inge Amundsen (2018)
East Asia Forum, 6 March 2018
Journal Article | 2018

Revisiting Health Rights Litigation and Access to Medications in Costa Rica: Preliminary Evidence fromthe Cochrane Collaboration Reform

In response to the incremental creation of an expansive constitutional right to health in Costa Rica, the country’s rights-friendly constitutional chamber of the Supreme Court (known as the Sala IV)...
Olman Rodríguez Loaiza, Sigrid Morales, Ole Frithjof Norheim, and Bruce Wilson (2018)
in Health and Human Rights Journal vol. 20 no. 1
U4 Brief | 2017

Proxy indicators for the corrupt misuse of corporations

Winners of the U4 Proxy Challenge 2016 We need more imaginative ways of addressing corruption. It is important to generate indicators that development agencies can use. U4 and DFID developed a...
Mihály Fazekas, Bence Tóth (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2017:6)
Sudan Report | 2017

Governance and Fiscal Federalism in Sudan, 1989–2015: Exploring Political and Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations in an Unstable Polity

This report analyses the implementation and impact of decentralisation in Sudan: To what extent has the efforts to implement decentralisation policies actually devolved power and fiscal resources to sub-national levels,...
Atta El-Hassan El-Battahani, Hassan Ali Gadkarim (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Report SR 2017:1) 44 p.
CMI Brief | 2016

Lack of consultation. Stakeholders perspectives on local content requirements in the petroleum sector in Tanzania

Tanzania has recently discovered huge offshore natural gas fields. This has led the Government to develop Local Content Policies (LCPs) to increase local job and business opportunities. This brief presents...
Espen Villanger (CMI), Abel Kinyondo (Repoa), Ingvild Hestad (CMI) (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 15) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2016

The uneven playing field and the 2016 elections in Uganda

It is easy to document that the 2016 elections in Uganda were unfair. To combat the uneven playing field one needs to systematically assess the symptoms and identify the structural...
Svein-Erik Helle (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 7) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2016

The ‘Joyce Banda Effect’: Public Opinion and Voting Behaviour in Malawi

In the 2014 elections in Malawi, the incumbent female president Joyce Banda lost the presidency, and the number of women MPs was reduced from 43 to 33. This decline in...
Tiyesere Mercy Chikapa (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 6) 4 p.
Journal Article | 2014

Understanding Inequalities in Child Health in Ethiopia: Health Achievements Are Improving in the Period 2000– 2011

Objective: In Ethiopia, coverage of key health services is low, and community based services have been implemented to improve access to key services. This study aims to describe and assess the...
Eirin Kruger Skaftun, Merima Ali , Ole Frithjof Norheim (2014)
in Plos one vol. 9 no. 8
CMI Insight | 2014

Reforming the personal income tax system in Angola: An alternative proposal

Reforming the personal income tax legislation in Angola has been under preparation since 2011. There are many challenges related to creating an effective and fair tax system in a highly...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Søren Kirk Jensen and Francisco Miguel Paulo (2014)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Insight no. 2014:3) 4 p.
Journal Article | 2014

Health rights litigation and access to medicines: Priority classification of successful cases from Costa Rica’s constitutional chamber of the supreme court

Although Costa Rica has no explicit constitutional right to health, its constitutional chamber of the Supreme Court (Sala IV) has become increasingly central to the resolution of many health care...
Ole Frithjof Norheim, Bruce Wilson (2014)
in Health and Human Rights: An International Journal vol. 16 no. 2 pp. 47-61
Journal Article | 2014

When incentives work too well: Locally implemented Pay for Performance (P4P) and adverse sanctions towards home birth in Tanzania - a qualitative study

Background: Despite limited evidence of its effectiveness,performance-based payments (P4P) are seen by leading policymakers as a potential solution to the slow progress in reaching Millennium Development Goal 5: improved maternal...
Victor Chimhutu, Ida Lindkvist and Siri Lange (2014)
in BMC Health Services Research vol. 14 no. 23 pp. 1-12
Edited Book | 2014

Corruption, grabbing and development: Real world challenges

All societies develop their own norms about what is fair behaviour and what is not. Violations of these norms, including acts of corruption, can collectively be described as forms of...
Søreide, T. and A. Williams (Eds.) (2014)
Edward Elgar Publishing
Newspaper Op-Ed | 2013

Compromise over land takeover

The Land Acquisition Bill passed by both houses of Parliament awaits presidential nod before it becomes law and replaces the Land Acquisition Act, 1894. Clearly, in a nod to the...
Namita Wahi (2013)
The New Indian Express 11.09
U4 Issue | 2012

Per diem policy analysis toolkit

Most organizations use per diems as a way to reimburse out-of-pocket expenses for travel and to encourage staff to attend professional development activities. However, weaknesses in policy design and control...
Taryn Vian, Laura Sabin (2012)
Bergen: U4 Anti-Corruption Resource Centre, Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2012:8) 40 p.
U4 Issue | 2012

Mapping evidence gaps in anti-corruption: Assessing the state of the operationally relevant evidence on donors' actions and approaches to reducing corruption

This paper charts the current evidence on effectiveness of different anti-corruption reforms, and identifies significant evidence gaps. Despite a substantial amount of literature on corruption, this review found very few...
Jesper Johnsøn, Nils Taxell, Dominik Zaum (2012)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2012:7) 74 p.
U4 Issue | 2012

Risks of corruption to state legitimacy and stability in fragile situations

Examining the cases of Liberia, Nepal and Colombia, this study asks how corruption poses risks to political legitimacy and stability in fragile situations. The report focuses on the key role...
Sarah Dix, Karen Hussmann, Grant Walton (2012)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2012:3) 79 p.
CMI Brief | 2011

Does the Colombian constitutional court undermine the health system?

Is right-to-health litigation a suitable strategy for advancing the right to health, or does it reinforce inequalities and undermine health authorities in their attempts to control costs and set fair priorities? Colombia...
Camila Gianella (2011)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 10 no. 7) 4 p.
CMI Report | 2011

Social security, poverty dynamics and economic growth in Angola's smallholder agriculture

A new Land Act introduced in Angola in 2004 demonstrates a genuine interest in the protection of the customary land rights of rural communities and underlines rural communities’ rights to...
Eyolf Jul-Larsen, Bjørn Enge Bertelsen (2011)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2011:5) 33 p.