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CMI Brief | Jul 2020

Excluding women: the clanization of Somali political institutions

Hawa Jibril, a poetess and a long-time activist for Somali women’s rights, identified male elders as a barrier to women’s inclusion in the politics and governance of their society. In...
Ladan Affi (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2020:9) 4 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2019

Managing the born-free generation: Zimbabwe’s strategies for dealing with the youth

A rich literature on Africa’s autocratic and repressive regimes has discussed the diverse strategies through which these regimes seek to consolidate and stay in power. Prominent strategies include election rigging,...
Marjoke Oosterom and Simbarashe Gukurume (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2019:02)
Sudan Brief | 2019

The paradox of federalism and decentralisation in South Sudan: An instrument and an obstacle for peace

A power sharing agreement and the inauguration of a new government in South Sudan has been put to a halt. Disagreement on the number of states and local self-government, security...
Lovise Aalen (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Brief 2019:01) 5 p.
Report in External Series | 2017

Nepal: A political economy analysis

This report is an integrated political economy analysis of Nepal. The main finding is that economic growth and poverty reduction have been steady in Nepal since the mid-1980s independently of...
Magnus Hatlebakk (2017)
NUPI (Report)
Sudan Report | 2017

Governance and Fiscal Federalism in Sudan, 1989–2015: Exploring Political and Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations in an Unstable Polity

This report analyses the implementation and impact of decentralisation in Sudan: To what extent has the efforts to implement decentralisation policies actually devolved power and fiscal resources to sub-national levels,...
Atta El-Hassan El-Battahani, Hassan Ali Gadkarim (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Report SR 2017:1) 44 p.
Report in External Series | 2016

Considering the State: Perspectives on South Sudan's subdivision and federalism debate

In October 2015, the president of the Republic of South Sudan, Salva Kiir Mayardit, decreed a change in the country’s administrative structure and increased the number of states from 10...
Mareike Schomerus and Lovise Aalen (eds.) (2016)
Overseas Development Institute /Chr. Michelsen Institute no. August 2016
CMI Brief | 2016

Enforcement of water rights

In 2010, a UN Resolution explicitly recognized the human right to water and sanitation (HRtWS). But has this international recognition improved the ability of poor and marginalized people to secure...
Lara Côrtes, Camila Gianella, Bruce Wilson (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 9) 4 p.
Journal Article | 2016

The Effects of Oil Production and Ethnic Representation on Violent Conflict in Nigeria: A Mixed-Methods Approach

A large qualitative literature on violent conflict in Nigeria has identified the importance of oil production and ethnicity as salient factors in understanding violence, especially in the oil-rich Niger Delta....
Carlo Koos, Jan Pierskalla (2016)
in Terrorism and Political Violence vol. 28 no. 5 pp. 888-911
Sudan Report | 2016

Revenue mobilization at sub-national levels in Sudan

Sudan has undertaken decentralization reforms since the early 1990s, in a federal government system with three tiers: federal, state, and local government levels. Fiscal decentralization was fueled by a decade-long...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Report SR 2016:1 ) 60 p.
Newspaper Op-Ed | 2014

The population basis for ethnic provinces in Nepal

Nepal is in the process of forming a federal state, where the map is likely to be drawn based on the ethnic composition of the provinces. But will, in fact,...
Magnus Hatlebakk (2014)
Setopati (Nepal)
CMI Report | 2014

Restructuring the state: Federalist Dynamics in Nepal

Since the end of the civil war in 2006, Nepal has been on the edge of a peaceful but truly revolutionary change to restructure the state along federal lines. The...
Astri Suhrke (2014)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2014:02) 18 p.
CMI Report | 2013

Bands crossing borders: A review of the cooperation between South Africa's Field Band Foundation and Norges Musikkorps Forbund

The Bands Crossing Borders project between South Africa’s Field Band Foundation and the Norwegian Band Federation was initiated in 1999 and funded by Fredskorpset. In Norway the project seeks to...
Elling N. Tjønneland (2013)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2013:3) 36 p.
Book | 2013

The economic and social basis for state-restructuring in Nepal

Nepal is in the process of forming a federal state, where the borders of the provinces is one essential, but disputed, issue. The book discusses underlying economic and social conditions...
Magnus Hatlebakk and Charlotte Ringdal (2013)
Kathmandu: Himal Books
CMI Report | 2013

The economic and social basis for state-restructuring in Nepal

Nepal is in the process of forming a federal state, where the borders of the provinces is one essential, but disputed, issue. The report discusses underlying economic and social conditions...
Magnus Hatlebakk, Charlotte Ringdal (2013)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2013:1) 75 p.
Report in External Series | 2011

Pawns of peace. Evaluation of Norwegian peace efforts in Sri Lanka, 1997-2009

This evaluation assesses Norway’s peace efforts in Sri Lanka from 1997 to 2009. It tells the story of Norway’s engagement, assesses the effects and identifies broader implications and lessons. The...
Gunnar M. Sørbø, Jonathan Goodhand, Bart Klem, Ada Elisabeth Nissen, Hilde Selbervik (2011)
Oslo: Norad (Evaluation report no. 5/2011) 183 p.
Report in External Series | 2011

Political economy of the petroleum sector in Nigeria

The relatively slow pace of Nigeria’s development has often been attributed to the phenomenon of the resource curse whereby the nature of the state as a “rentier” dilutes accountability for...
Alex Gboyega, Tina Søreide, G.P Shukla and Tuan Minh Le (2011)
Washington DC. : World Bank (World Bank Policy Research Working Paper no. 5779 )
Report in External Series | 2011

Review of and recommendations for Norwegian support to good governance in Pakistan

The report introduces a theoretical framework for analysis, and then discusses how Pakistan and Norway define governance and good governance before moving on to a political economy analysis of Pakistan,...
Petter Bauck (Norad, team leader), Arne Strand and Shirin Gul (2011)
Oslo: Norad (Norad Report Discussion no. 12/2011) 84 p.
Book | 2011

The politics of ethnicity in Ethiopia: Actors. power and mobilisation under ethnic federalism

Most governments in Africa, seeing the political mobilisation of ethnicity as a threat, have rejected the use of ethnic differences as an explicit basis for political representation. The one prominent...
Lovise Aalen (2011)
Leiden: Brill (African Social Studies Series no. 25) 214 p.
U4 Practice Insight | 2009

The anatomy of a failed anti corruption project: A case study from Nepal

In 2004 and 2005, the Federation of Nepalese Chambers of Commerce and Industries (FNCCI) implemented the first anti‑corruption project involving the private sector in Nepal. Despite the novelty of a supply‑side...
Narayan Manandhar (2009)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Practice Insight no. 2009:3) 8 p.
Journal Article | 2009

The end of democracy? Curtailing political and civil rights in Ethiopia

This article assesses political developments in Ethiopia after its 2005 federal and regional watershed elections. Although an unprecedented liberalisation took place ahead of the contested and controversial 2005 polls, a...
Lovise Aalen and Kjetil Tronvoll (2009)
in Review of African Political Economy no. 120 pp. 193-207