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Journal Article | forthcoming 2020

Too big to fault? Effects of the 2010 Nobel Peace Prize on Norwegian exports to China and foreign policy

In October 2010, the Norwegian Nobel Committee awarded the Nobel peace prize to Chinese dissident Liu Xiaobo. The Chinese government responded by freezing political and economic relations with Norway, introducing...
Ivar Kolstad (2020)
in International Political Science Review vol. 41 no. 2 pp. 207-223
Journal Article | Oct 2020

Doing global investments the Nordic way. The 'business case' for Equinor’s support to union work among its employees in Tanzania

In the Nordic countries, unions are represented in company boards and can infl uence companies’ policies toward labor abroad. Th is article focuses on the Norwegian national oil company Equinor...
Siri Lange (2020)
in Focaal: Journal of Global and Historical Anthropology vol. 88 pp. 22-39
Journal Article | Sep 2020

Household Bargaining and Spending on Children: Experimental Evidence from Tanzania

This paper studies whether an increase in women's intrahousehold bargaining power causes couples to allocate more resources to their child's education, and, if so, what the underlying mechanisms for this...
Charlotte Ringdal and Ingrid Hoem Sjursen (2020)
in Economica
Journal Article | Jun 2020

Does an economics education produce technocratic paternalists? Experimental evidence from Tanzania

When confronted with information that ordinary citizens do not care that strongly about efficiency, do economists change their views of optimal public policy? In a randomized experiment on tax preferences...
Ivar Kolstad, Arne Wiig and Odd-Helge Fjeldstad (2020)
in Journal of Development Studies vol. 56
U4 Report | Mar 2020

Submission to the UK Parliament International Development Committee “Effectiveness of UK Aid Inquiry”, 2020

Corruption in its various guises is well established as an impediment both to aid effectiveness and broader development goals: this is why anti-corruption efforts are a core aspect of official development...
David Aled Williams (2020)
Presented at: International Development Committee, House of Commons, UK
CMI Insight | Mar 2020

The changing role of Chinese development aid

In recent years, China has significantly increased its development interventions. China is now among the major providers of aid to Africa. Foreign aid has become an important tool in the...
Elling Tjønneland (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Insight 2020:1) 8 p.
CMI Working Paper | Feb 2020

The UAE’s Humanitarian Diplomacy: Claiming State Sovereignty, Regional Leverage and International Recognition

The United Arab Emirates (UAE) became the world’s third-largest donor of humanitarian aid relative to Gross National Income in 2016. The country was among the top five humanitarian assistance state-donors...
Deniz Gökalp (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2020:1) 11 p.
Journal Article | Jan 2020

The Customer is King: Evidence on VAT Compliance in Tanzania

Value Added Tax (VAT) has emerged as one of the main modes of raising tax revenue worldwide, but has significantly underperformed as a revenue source in African countries. To improve...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Cecilia Kagoma, Ephraim Mdee, Ingrid Hoem Sjursen, Vincent Somville (2020)
in World Development vol. 128
Journal Article | Jan 2020

Income Guarantees and Borrowing in Risky Environments: Evidence from India's Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme

This paper investigates the effects of an income guarantee on borrowing in a risky setting with marked seasonality. A three‐season, infinite‐horizon model is developed, in which the aims of smoothing...
Clive Bell and Abhiroop Mukhopadhyay (2020)
in Economica. Early view
Journal Article | 2019

The Political, Research, Programmatic, and Social Responses to Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights in the 25 Years Since the International Conference on Population and Development

Among the ground-breaking achievements of the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) was its call to place adolescent sexual and reproductive health (ASRH) on global health and development agendas....
Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli et al. (2019)
in Journal of Adolescent Health vol. 65 no. 6
CMI Brief | 2019

Turkey’s Humanitarian Diplomacy: The AKP Model

Turkey has become a major global humanitarian actor. They have been widely engaged in Somalia and Syria, Pakistan and Myanmar and hosts the world’s largest number of refugees with more...
Meliha Benli Altunısık (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2019:08) 5 p.
U4 Issue | 2019

Asset recovery and illicit financial flows from a developmental perspective: Concepts, scope, and potential

The transfer abroad of assets acquired through corruption deprives developing countries of their domestic resources. Asset recovery offers a path to repatriate ill-gotten gains, but the amounts recovered pale in...
Mathis Lohaus (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2019:12)
Journal Article | 2019

Will REDD+ safeguards mitigate corruption? Qualitative evidence from Southeast Asia

High levels of faith and finance have been invested in REDD+ as a promising global climate change mitigation policy. Since its inception in 2007, corruption has been viewed as a...
Aled Williams, Kendra Dupuy (2019)
in The Journal of Development Studies vol. 55 no. 10 pp. 2129-2144
CMI Report | 2019

Turkish foreign policy: structures and decision-making processes

On 16 April 2017 Turkish voters went to the polls to deliver their verdict on a set of constitutional amendments that would replace the existing parliamentary system with that of...
Siri Neset, Chr. Michelsen Institute, Mustafa Aydın, Kadir Has University, Hasret Dikici Bilgin, Istanbul Bilgi University, Metin Gürcan, Episteme Turkey, Arne Strand, Chr. Michelsen Institute (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2019:3)
CMI Report | 2019

Turkey`s international relations

Introduction This CMI report takes a snapshot of a few of Turkey’s most important international relations and vital issues that frame these relationships. Obviously, this report cannot cover everything, as Turkey...
Siri Neset, Chr. Michelsen Institute, Metin Gürcan, Episteme Turkey, Hasret Dikici Bilgin, Istanbul Bilgi University, Mustafa Aydin, Kadir Has University, Arne Strand (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2019:2)
Journal Article | 2019

Elite behaviour and citizen mobilization

This paper studies the relation between self-serving elite behaviour and citizen political participation. We use a fixed effects approach to analyze the association between portfolio investment in tax havens and...
Ivar Kolstad and Arne Wiig (2019)
in European Journal of Political Research vol. 58 no. 2 pp. 769-794
U4 Issue | 2019

Comparing peer-based anti-corruption missions in Kosovo and Guatemala

International missions brought foreign experts to help local partners tackle corruption and organised crime in Kosovo and Guatemala. With unprecedented investigative powers, those efforts sought to disrupt criminal networks and...
Gabriel Kuris (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2019:6)
Journal Article | 2019

Exchange asymmetries in productive assets: Tools, fertilizer or cash?

Exchange asymmetries in individual decision-making have attracted substantial attention from economists since Thaler (1980) referred to the phenomenon that losses are weighted more heavily than gains as an “endowment effect”...
Stein Terje Holden,Sosina Bezu (2019)
in World Development vol. 115 pp. 269-278
U4 Issue | 2019

Follow the integrity trendsetter. How to support change in youth opinion and build social trust

In some societies people come to see corruption as the norm. When popular opinion in a country normalises corruption, this results in low trust in public administration. In Nepal, a...
Jenny Bentley, Saul Mullard (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2019:3)
Journal Article | 2019

What does it mean to be poor? Investigating the qualitative-quantitative divide in Mozambique

Motivated by the siloed nature of much poverty research, as well as the challenge of finding inclusive operational definitions of poverty, this study reflects on the merits of seeking to...
Sam Jones and Inge Tvedten (2019)
in World Development vol. 117 pp. 153-166