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Journal Article | Mar 2021

Prevalence, risk factors and association with delivery outcome of curable sexually transmitted infections among pregnant women in Southern Ethiopia

Introduction Curable sexually transmitted infections (STIs) such as infection with Chlamydia trachomatis (C. trachomatis), Neisseria gonorrhoeae (N. gonorrhoeae), and Trichomonas vaginalis (T. vaginalis) can lead to adverse pregnancy and birth outcome. There are limited data on the prevalence and correlate...
Mengistu Hailemariam Zenebe, Zeleke Mekonnen, Eskindir Loha, Elizaveta Padalko (2021)
in Plos One vol. 16 no. 3
CMI Working Paper | Feb 2021

Inter-group interaction and attitudes to migrants

Abstract We report results from a randomized field experiment conducted in the Tigray region of Ethiopia, which tests the impact of interaction with migrants on host community members’ attitudes towards migrants....
Mintewab Bezabih, Sosina Bezu, Tigabu Getahun, Ivar Kolstad, Päivi Lujala, and Arne Wiig (2021)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2021:02) 34 p.
Journal Article | 2020

A needs assessment for postgraduate training in selected public health disciplines: evidence from health services organisations in Lusaka, Zambia

Background As most low and middle-income countries seek to achieve universal health coverage targets, there is an ever-increasing need to train human resources with the required core skills and competencies. This...
Maio Bulawayo, Adam Silumbwe, Margarate Nzala Munakampe, Nawa Mukumbuta, Juliet Musabula, Mwimba Chewe, Chris Mweemba, Charles Michelo, Peter Hangoma (2020)
in BMC health services research vol. 20 no. 1 pp. 1-10
Journal Article | 2020

Acceptability of youth clubs focusing on comprehensive sexual and reproductive health education in rural Zambian schools: a case of Central Province

Background The youths in Zambia have limited access to information concerning Sexual Reproductive Health (SRH) and this puts them at risk of unwanted pregnancies. Talking about other methods of preventing pregnancy...
Eunice Chirwa-Kambole, Joar Svanemyr, Ingvild Sandøy, Peter Hangoma, Joseph Mumba Zulu (2020)
in BMC health services research vol. 20 no. 1 pp. 1-9
Journal Article | 2020

Efficacy of processed amaranth-containing bread compared to maize bread on hemoglobin, anemia and iron deficiency anemia prevalence among two-to-five year-old anemic children in Southern Ethiopia: A cluster randomized controlled trial

Background Few studies have evaluated iron-rich plant-based foods, such as amaranth grain, to reduce anemia and iron deficiency anemia. Amaranth is rich in nutrients, but with high level of phytate. The...
Alemselam Zebdewos Orsango, Eskindir Loha, Bernt Lindtjørn, Ingunn Marie S. Engebretsen (2020)
in Plos One vol. 15 no. 9
Journal Article | 2020

Patient and health system costs of managing pregnancy and birth-related complications in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review

Background Morbidity and mortality due to pregnancy and childbearing are high in developing countries. This study aims to estimate patient and health system costs of managing pregnancy and birth-related complications in...
Amani Thomas Mori, Peter Binyaruka, Peter Hangoma, Bjarne Robberstad, Ingvild Sandoy (2020)
in Health Economics Review vol. 10 no. 1 pp. 1-15
Sudan Working Paper | 2020

Food Security and Agricultural Development in Sudan: The case of Kassala State

This research discusses the relationship between agricultural development and food security, determinants of supply of (production of food) and demand for (consumption of food) food and determinants of food insecurity...
Prof. Dr. Samia Mohamed Nour, Dr. Eltayeb Mohamedain (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2020:1)
Journal Article | 2020

Pulse oximeter with integrated management of childhood illness for diagnosis of severe childhood pneumonia at rural health institutions in Southern Ethiopia: results from a cluster-randomised controlled trial

Objective To assess whether pulse oximetry improves health workers’ performance in diagnosing severe childhood pneumonia at health centres in Southern Ethiopia. Design Parallel cluster-randomised trial. Setting Government primary health centres. Participants Twenty-four health centres that treat at...
Solomon H Tesfaye, Yabibal Gebeyehu, Eskindir Loha, Kjell Arne Johansson, Bernt Lindtjørn (2020)
in BMJ Open vol. 10
CMI Report | 2020

Literature Review: Democracy and Human Rights in contemporary Latin America (2015-2020) Trends, challenges, and prospects

Abstract Through a review of scholarly and other well-informed articles as well as media reports, this CMI Report aims to summarize discussions on challenges for democracy and human rights in Latin...
Vegard Bye, Dr.philos, CMI Affiliated Researcher, Senior Partner Scanteam Peder Østebø, M.A., Graduate Research Fellow, NUPI (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2020:01)
CMI Working Paper | 2020

Preparing to leave? Household mobility decisions in climate affected areas of coastal Bangladesh

Abstract We present unique survey data on the migration predictions of 400 households in two extremely climate exposed unions of coastal Bangladesh. We have four main findings. First, despite having prospects...
Arne Wiig, Minhaj Mahmud, Ivar Kolstad, Päivi Lujala, Sosina Bezu (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2020:04) 33 p.
Journal Article | 2020

Financial risk of seeking maternal and neonatal healthcare in southern Ethiopia: a cohort study of rural households

Introduction Ethiopian households’ out-of-pocket healthcare payments constitute one-third of the national healthcare budget and are higher than the global and low-income countries average, and even the global target. Such out-of-pocket payments...
Moges Tadesse Borde, Eskindir Loha, Kjell Arne Johansson, Bernt Lindtjørn (2020)
in International Journal for Equity in Health vol. 19 no. 69
Book Chapter | 2020

Constituting Transitions: Predicting Unpredictability

This chapter examines how transitional governance arrangements are constituted in peace and transitions processes. We map and analyse the relationship between the legal ‘constitutionalisation’ of the transition, and the political...
Christine Bell, Robert Forster (2020)
in Emmanuel H. D. De Groof, Micha Wiebusch: International Law and Transitional Governance Critical Perspectives. London: Routledge
CMI Working Paper | 2020

How do host–migrant proximities shape attitudes toward internal climate migrants?

Countries in Latin America, Asia, and Africa exposed to the environmental consequences of climate change are predicted to see voluntary and forced internal migration on an unprecedented scale in the...
Päivi Lujala, Sosina Bezu, Ivar Kolstad, Minhaj Mahmud, Arne Wiig (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2020:2)
Journal Article | 2019

Contradictions within the SDGs: are sin taxes for health improvement at odds with employment and economic growth in Zambia

Background A recurring discussion in the literature relates to the possible contradictions among the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The focus has been on economic goals, such as economic growth and goals...
Peter Hangoma, Gavin Surgey (2019)
in Globalization and health vol. 15 no. 1 pp. 1-9
Sudan Brief | 2019

Sudan’s popular uprising and the demise of Islamism

This Sudan Brief is concerned with the fractionalization of Islamism during Bashir’s rule (1989-2019). It does not focus on the details of Bashir’s brutal rule, rather, it is about the...
Munzoul A. M. Assal (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2019:3) 4 p.
Journal Article | 2019

Performance of an adapted household food insecurity access scale in measuring seasonality in household food insecurity in rural Ethiopia: a cohort analysis

Background Seasonality poses a considerable food security challenge in Ethiopia. Yet, measuring seasonal variations in food insecurity, particularly the dimension of food access, lacks an adequately validated tool. We therefore evaluated...
Bereket Yohannes Kabalo, Seifu Hagos Gebreyesus, Eskindir Loha, Bernt Lindtjørn (2019)
in BMC Nutrition vol. 5 no. 54
Journal Article | 2019

Spatiotemporal clustering of malaria in southern-central Ethiopia: A community based cohort study

Introduction Understanding the spatiotemporal clustering of malaria transmission would help target interventions in settings of low malaria transmission. The aim of this study was to assess whether malaria infections were clustered...
Tarekegn Solomon, Eskindir Loha, Wakgari Deressa, Taye Gari, Bernt Lindtjørn (2019)
in Plos One vol. 14 no. 9
Journal Article | 2019

Fabrikker mot fattigdom?

Kvinners deltakelse i arbeidsmarkedet blir ofte sett på som en transformerende faktor for å styrke deres stilling, bidra til økt velferd gjennom høyere inntekt og redusere ulikheter. Etiopias voksende fabrikkindustri...
Espen Villanger,Sandra Halvorsen (2019)
in Magma vol. 22 no. 0619 pp. 56-64
Journal Article | 2019

The magnitude of hypertension and its risk factors in southern Ethiopia: A community based study

Background Prevention and control of hypertension has not been given due attention though previous studies indicated that hypertension is growing public health problem. Objective This study aimed to determine the prevalence of hypertension...
Alemayehu Zekewos, Tariku Egeno, Eskindir Loha (2019)
in Plos One vol. 14 no. 8
Journal Article | 2019

Inadequate management of pneumonia among children in South Ethiopia: findings from descriptive study

Background Health system support is crucial for quality child healthcare. Therefore, this baseline survey, which is part of the community-based management study of severe pneumonia, was conducted to assess the state...
Solomon Hailemariam, Yabibal Gebeyehu, Eskindir Loha, Kjell Arne Johansson, Bernt Lindtjørn (2019)
in BMC Health Services Research vol. 19 no. 426