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CMI Report | Jun 2020

Literature Review: Democracy and Human Rights in contemporary Latin America (2015-2020) Trends, challenges, and prospects

Abstract Through a review of scholarly and other well-informed articles as well as media reports, this CMI Report aims to summarize discussions on challenges for democracy and human rights in Latin...
Vegard Bye, Dr.philos, CMI Affiliated Researcher, Senior Partner Scanteam Peder Østebø, M.A., Graduate Research Fellow, NUPI (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2020:01)
CMI Brief | Feb 2020

Everyday humanitarian diplomacy: Experiences from border areas

The term humanitarian diplomacy (HD) emerged in early 2000s. HD recognises the role of humanitarian actors when negotiating access, assistance and protection for civilians in situations of extreme insecurity and...
Cristina Churruca Muguruza (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2020:2) 4 p.
Book Chapter | Jan 2020

'Here Men Are Becoming Women and Women Men'. Gender, Class and Space in Maputo, Mozambique

Outlining historical and contemporary processes of political and economic change in Mozambique’s capital city Maputo, and juxtaposing these with an ethnography of social positons and human agency, this chapter shows...
Inge Tvedten, Arlindo Uate and Lizete Mangueleze (2020)
in Joël Noret: Social Im/mobilities in Africa. Ehnographic Approaches. London: Berghahn Books
Journal Article | 2019

Acceptability of an economic support component to reduce early pregnancy and school dropout in Zambia: a qualitative case study

Background: Cash Transfer (CT) schemes have become popular poverty reducing measures in many low and middle-income countries. Research indicates that when provided to girls in resource poor settings, cash transfers...
Emmanuel Banda, Joar Svanemyr, Ingvild Fossgard Sandøy, Isabel Goicolea & Joseph Mumba Zulu (2019)
in Global Health Action vol. 12 no. 1
Journal Article | 2019

Polygynous Neighbors, Excess Men, and Intergroup Conflict in Rural Africa

We argue that polygyny creates a social imbalance where few, economically well-off men marry many wives and many poor men marry late or never. By definition, polygyny produces what we...
Carlo Koos, Clara Neupert-Wentz (2019)
in Journal of Conflict Resolution
U4 Issue | 2019

Education sector corruption: How to assess it and ways to address it

Education sector corruption erodes social trust, worsens inequality, and sabotages development. Types of corruption in elementary-secondary education range from academic cheating to bribery and nepotism in teaching appointments to bid-rigging...
Monica Kirya (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2019:5)
Book Chapter | 2019

Children’s Rights’ Indexes: Measuring Norway’s Performance

Global indexes are commonly used to measure a country’s performance, including on the implementation of human rights conventions. Such audit-like tools project neutrality and avoid the charges of anecdotal evidence....
Malcolm Langford and Tori Loven Kirkebø (2019)
in Malcolm Langford , Marit Skivenes and Karl Harald Søvig (eds.): Children's Rights in Norway An Implementation Paradox?. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget pp. 42-99
Journal Article | 2018

'Goats eat where they are tied up': illicit and habitual corruption in Mozambique

The article shows that corruption is structural and omnipresent in Mozambican society, effectively legitimising corrupt practices at all levels. Using an anthropological approach, it argues that small-scale corruption has the...
Inge Tvedten and Rachi Picardo (2018)
in Review of African Political Economy vol. 45 no. 158
Journal Article | 2018

Maputo: Ethnography of a Divided City

Rapid urbanisation is one of the most dramatic developments on the African continent, often yielding contrasting and shocking images of affluent businesses and residential districts alongside sprawling shantytowns or slums....
Inge Tvedten, Fábio Ribeiro, João Graca, Bjørn Bertelsen (2018)
in Journal of Anthropological Films vol. 2 no. 2
CMI Brief | 2018

Comparing urban and rural poverty in Angola

This brief compares living conditions in villages in rural Malanje and shantytowns in urban Luanda and argues that while material poverty is most pronounced in Malanje, disempowerment, vulnerability and the...
Inge Tvedten, Gilson Lázaro and Eyolf Jul-Larsen (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2018:05) 4 p.
Book Chapter | 2018

Globally designed accountability and local social inequality. A case study of two maternal deaths in Tanzania.

Siri Lange (2018)
in Håkon Fyhn, Harald Aspen, Anne Kathrine Larsen: Edges of Global Transformation: Ethnographies of Uncertainty. Lanham, Boulder, New York and London: Lexington Books pp. 133-152
Journal Article | 2018

"Flooding our eyes with rubbish": urban waste management in Maputo, Mozambique

Critical voices on urban management tend to portray conflicting governmentalities, with western 'top-down' municipal development models on the one hand, and the everyday practices and diffuse forms of power of...
Inge Tvedten and Sara Candiracci (2018)
in Environment and Urbanization pp. 1-16
CMI Report | 2018

The gendering of poverty and inequality in rural Malanje, Angola

This report is concerned with analyzing the gendered dimensions of rural poverty, based on qualitative and quantitative research in the rural municipality of Kalandula in the northeastern province of Malanje,...
Iselin Åsedotter Strønen and Margaret Nangacovie (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2018:10) 42 p.
Report in External Series | 2018

Non-formal girls’ life skills programming Implications for policy and practice

Research in developing countries demonstrates the importance of life skills for improving a range of outcomes for adolescent girls. These outcomes include improved psychosocial and mental health (e.g., emotional resilience,...
Christina Kwauk, Amanda Braga, Helyn Kim, Kendra Dupuy, Sosina Bezu, Are Knudsen (2018)
NW Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution (POLICY BRIEF) 12 p.
CMI Insight | 2018

Breaking BAD: Understanding Backlash Against Democracy in Africa

There is a trend of democratic retrenchment across the African continent. Despite democratic gains in some states, the overall tendency over the past decade has been the erosion of democratic...
Lise Rakner (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Insight 2018:3)
Sudan Working Paper | 2018

Unpleasant homecoming: The predicament of returning pastoralists from South Sudan to Aljabalain Area, White Nile State

In many countries around the world (especially in Africa), the livelihood of pastoralists depends largely on trekking over vast areas of land in constant search of water and pasture for...
Musa Adam Abdul-Jalil (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2018:1) 20 p.
CMI Report | 2018

Urban poverty in Luanda, Angola

Angola’s capital Luanda is a city of stark inequalities and contrasts. While it offers opportunities and wealth for the few, people in the informal musseques are effectively trapped in poverty...
Inge Tvedten, Gilson Lázaro, Eyolf Jul-Larsen, Mateus Agostinho (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2018:6) 70 p.
CMI Report | 2018

Life skills in non-formal contexts for adolescent girls in developing countries

Executive summary How can young women in developing countries best be prepared for success in their lives and livelihoods? Life preparation requires learning different types of knowledge and skills in formal,...
Kendra Dupuy, Sosina Bezu, Are Knudsen, Sandra Halvorsen, Christina Kwauk (Brookings Institution), Amanda Braga (Brookings Institution), Helyn Kim (Brookings Institution) (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2018:5) 115 p.
Newspaper Op-Ed | 2018

The ruins of Bangladesh’s LGBT community

What was once a fledgling lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) community in the Bangladeshi capital of Dhaka is now destroyed. In 2014 and 2015 the Bangladeshi gay scene was...
Inge Amundsen (2018)
East Asia Forum, Australia 23.03.2018
Journal Article | 2018

Fertility, household size and poverty in Nepal

Highlights We study how fertility affects household size, composition, and poverty in Nepal. The gender of the first child serves as an IV for the total number of children. New births immediately increase...
François Libois and Vincent Somville (2018)
in World Development vol. 103 no. March pp. 311-322