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U4 Practice Insight | Feb 2020

Trial monitoring of corruption cases: An innovative answer to the quest for evaluation tools

Impartial, competent and efficient judiciaries are vital in addressing corruption. Both qualitative and quantitative aspects of performance should be considered when assessing the effectiveness of a judicial system in handling...
Francesco De Sanctis (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Practice Insight 2020:1)
Report in External Series | 2017

Malawi: A Political Economy Analysis

This report provides a comprehensive political economy analysis of contemporary Malawi. The country epitomises the primacy of patrimonial politics – including endemic corruption – with a powerful presidency at the...
Arne Tostensen (2017)
Oslo: Norsk Utenrikspolitisk Institutt 81 p.
U4 Issue | 2016

Specialised anti-corruption courts: A comparative mapping

Frustration with the capacity of the ordinary machinery of justice to deal adequately with corruption has prompted many countries to develop specialised anti-corruption institutions. While anti-corruption agencies with investigative and/or...
Sofie Arjon Schütte, Matthew C. Stephenson (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2016:7) 28 p
CMI Report | 2016

Women and Girls Caught between Rape and Adultery in Sudan: Criminal Law Reform, 2005–2015 (in Arabic)

This is an Arabic translation of the CMI report Women and Girls Caught between Rape and Adultery in Sudan: Criminal Law Reform, 2005–2015, published in November 2015.  The English version can be found...
Liv Tønnessen and Samia al-Nagar (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2015:10)
Report in External Series | 2016

A transparent and accountable judiciary to deliver justice for all

A transparent and accountable judiciary to deliver justice for all » U4 Corruption is hampering the delivery of justice globally. People perceive the judiciary as the second most corrupt public service,...
Sofie Arjon Schütte, Paavani Reddy, Liviana Zorzi (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute
CMI Report | 2016

Women’s Activism in Saudi Arabia: Male Guardianship and Sexual Violence

Saudi Arabia is often presented in Western media as the poster child of women’s oppression. It is the country where women are forced to cover their heads and body in...
Liv Tønnessen (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2016:1)
CMI Report | 2015

Women and Girls Caught between Rape and Adultery in Sudan: Criminal Law Reform, 2005–2015

This report investigates criminal law reform in Sudan, focusing on two important and controversial legal reforms related to (a) a definition of rape that is clearly de-linked from the Islamic...
Liv Tønnessen and Samia al-Nagar (2015)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2015:10)
U4 Issue | 2015

Corruption risks in the criminal justice chain and tools for assessment

This U4 issue paper provides policymakers in developing nations, their citizens, and U4’s partners in the donor community with an overview of where corruption is most likely to arise in...
Sofie Arjon Schütte, Victoria Jennett, Richard E. Messick, Jay S. Albanese, Heike Gramckow, Gary Hill (2015)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2015:6) 62 p.
Journal Article | 2015

Why Judicial Review?

Despite the flourishing of judicialisation of rights across the world, scepticism is not in short supply. Critiques range from concerns over the democratic legitimacy and institutional competence of courts to...
Malcolm Langford (2015)
in Oslo Law Review no. 1 pp. 36-85
CMI Insight | 2014

Military trials in Egypt: 2011-2014

The use of military tribunals to try civilians was one of the issues that made people rise against then Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak in 2011. This CMI Insight investigates the...
Heather McRobie (2014)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Insight no. 10) 5 p.
U4 Brief | 2014

The case for asset declarations in the judiciary: Identifying illicit enrichment and conflicts of interests

Asset declarations serve in many countries as a tool for detecting and preventing illicit enrichment and conflicts of interests among public officials. However, not all countries with an asset declaration...
Tilman Hoppe (2014)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2014:5) 4 p.
Book Chapter | 2014

Courts, Corruption and Judicial Independence

A well-functioning justice system is crucial to address corruption effectively, which in turn is important for development. But judicial institutions are themselves corruptible. Surveys show that experiences with and perceptions...
Siri Gloppen (2014)
in Tina Søreide, Aled Williams: Corruption, Grabbing and Development: Real World Challenges . Cheltenham and Northampton (MA): Edward Elgar Publishing
Journal Article | 2013

Special Tribunal for Lebanon (STL): Impartial or Imposed International Justice?

The Special Tribunal for Lebanon (STL) was set up in 2007, under UN auspices to try those involved in the murder of former Prime Minister Rafik Hariri in 2005. The...
Are John Knudsen, Sari Hanafi (2013)
in Nordic Journal of Human Rights vol. 31 no. 2 pp. 176-200
Report in External Series | 2011

Political economy of the petroleum sector in Nigeria

The relatively slow pace of Nigeria’s development has often been attributed to the phenomenon of the resource curse whereby the nature of the state as a “rentier” dilutes accountability for...
Alex Gboyega, Tina Søreide, G.P Shukla and Tuan Minh Le (2011)
Washington DC. : World Bank (World Bank Policy Research Working Paper no. 5779 )
Report in External Series | 2011

Gender equality and development in Mozambique

This article outlines some of the main policies and interventions for economic development and gender equality in Mozambique since Independence in 1975, and assesses key implications for the positions of...
Inge Tvedten (2011)
Background article for the World Development Report 2012
Book | 2010

Courts and power in Latin America and Africa

Why do courts hold political power-holders accountable in some democratic and democratizing countries, but not in others?  And, why do some courts remain very timid while others—under seemingly similar circumstances—become...
Siri Gloppen, Bruce M. Wilson, Roberto Gargarella, Elin Skaar, and Morten Kinander (2010)
New York: Palgrave Macmillan 231 p.
U4 Brief | 2009

The UNCAC and judicial corruption: Requirements and avenues for reform

An independent and impartial justice system underpins the effective implementation of the United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC). Where it does not exist, pliant prosecutors, judges, and court staff may...
Jessica Schultz (2009)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2009:18) 4 p.
Book Chapter | 2008

'Informal Practice, Cultural Capital and Politics in the Czech Republic, Slovenia, Bulgaria and Romania'

The book concludes with a chapter by åse Berit Grødeland that deals with the ways in which negative consequences of reform and the opportunity structures it has created have similarly...
Åse Berit Grødeland (2008)
in John Pickles: State and Society in Post-Socialist Economies . Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan pp. 229-252
CMI Working Paper | 2008

The Mapuche People's Battle for Indigenous Land. Litigation as a Strategy to Defend Indigenous Land Rights

Land is the foundation for the economic sustenance of indigenous peoples and for the continued survival of their cultures. One of the major problems faced by indigenous peoples is the...
Anne Skjævestad (2008)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2008: 3) 23 p.
Book Chapter | 2008

Elections in Court: The Judiciary and Uganda's 2006 Election Process

Siri Gloppen, Emmanuel Kazimbazi and Alexander Kibandama (2008)
in Julius Kiiza, Sabiti Makara and Lise Rakner (Eds.): Electoral Democracy in Uganda. Understanding the Institutional Processes and Outcomes of the 2006 Multiparty Elections. Kampala: Fountain Publishers pp. 53-89