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U4 Issue | May 2020

Identifying feasible, high-impact anti-corruption interventions. The case of Albania

In developing and transition countries, blanket anti-corruption efforts often fail due to economic constraints and political resistance. In such contexts, development practitioners should target specific anti-corruption interventions that promise highest...
Luca J. Uberti (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2020:9)
Journal Article | 2019

The right to abortion in Tunisia after the revolution of 2011: Legal, medical and social arrangements seen through seven abortion stories

In this article, we explore the effects that Tunisia’s post-revolutionary democratization process has had on the right to abortion, drawing on ethnographic material, interviews, and medical files that we collected...
Irene Maffi and Malika Affes (2019)
in Health and Human Rights Journal vol. 21 no. 2 pp. 69-78
Journal Article | 2019

Women at work in Sudan: Marital privilege or constitutional right

This article explores how working women in Sudan's capital negotiate legal constraints placing them under the guardianship of their husbands, imposing strict public dress and behavioral codes upon them, and...
Liv Tønnessen (2019)
in Social Politics: International Studies in Gender, State & Society vol. 26 no. 2 pp. 223-244
Journal Article | 2019

Colonial legacy, state building and the salience of ethnicity in Sub-Saharan Africa

African colonial history suggests that British colonial rule may have undermined state centralisation due to legacies of ethnic segregation and stronger executive constraints. Using micro-data from anglophone and francophone countries...
Merima Ali, Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Boqian Jiang and Abdulaziz Shifa (2019)
in The Economic Journal vol. 129 no. 617 pp. 1048-1081
Journal Article | 2019

Policy implementation under stress: Central-local government relations in property tax administration in Tanzania

Inter-organisational cooperation in revenue collection has received limited attention in the tax administration literature. Recent experiences from Tanzania offer a unique opportunity to examine opportunities and challenges facing such cooperation...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Merima Ali and Lucas Katera (2019)
in Journal of Financial Management of Property and Construction vol. 26 no. 2 pp. 129-147
Journal Article | 2019

Local power dynamics and petty corruption in Burundi

Based on five months’ field research in two districts of Burundi (Bukeye and Mabayi), this case study analyses tax collectors’ rationales and informal practices during their interactions with citizens. The...
Guillaume Nicaise (2019)
in Journal of Eastern African Studies vol. 13 no. 4 pp. 698-717
Book Chapter | 2018

Reducing Early Pregnancy in Low-Income Countries

Early pregnancies are generally associated with negative effects on women’shealth and education (Goldin & Katz 2002; Rasul 2008), as well as theireconomic achievement (Bailey 2006; Miller 2010). Early pregnancies arealso...
Lars Ivar Oppedal Berge, Kjetil Bjorvatn, Amina Mohamed Maalim, Vincent Somville, Bertil Tungodden (2018)
in Siwan Anderson, Lori Beaman, and Jean-Philippe Platteau: Towards Gender Equity in Development. Oxford: Oxford University Press pp. 141-166
CMI Working Paper | 2018

Policy implementation under stress: Central-local government relations in property tax collection in Tanzania

Inter-organisational cooperation in revenue collection has received limited attention in the tax administration literature. Recent experiences from Tanzania offer a unique opportunity to examine opportunities and challenges facing such cooperation...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Merima Ali and Lucas Katera (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2018:1) 27 p.
CMI Report | 2018

Norwegian aid to food security, nutrition and agriculture

The report reviews available research on the links between agriculture and the rest of the economy, with a focus on structural adjustment and the role of agriculture in economic growth...
Magnus Hatlebakk (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2018:01) 57 p.
Journal Article | 2018

Understanding the lie of the land: an institutional analysis of petro-governance in Tanzania

Tanzania has recently discovered large petroleum and natural gas reserves, boosting its natural resource stocks and potential future revenue flows. Whether the country’s petroleum resources will translate into economic development...
Kendra Dupuy and Bryan Lee (2018)
in Journal of Energy and Natural Resources Law vol. 36 no. 1 pp. 85-101
Report in External Series | 2017

Country Evaluation Brief: Somalia

Somalia is one of the world’s poorest countries having suffered from decades of acute political fragility, instability, violent conflict and lack of development. It is also ranked as the most...
Marcus Manuel, Raphaelle Faure, Dina Mansour-Ille (2017)
Oslo: Norad (Norad Country Evaluation Briefs no. 3/2017) 36 p.
CMI Insight | 2017

Taxing the urban boom: property taxation in Africa

The growth of Africa’s towns and cities has outpaced local governments’ capacity for service delivery in terms of management, infrastructure, and financing. As a result, many African towns and cities...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Merima Ali, Tom Goodfellow (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Insight no. 1) 8 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2017

Access to Formal Banking and Household Finances: Experimental Evidence from India

Access to formal banking is spreading across the world. Obtaining a bank account may transform how people manage their finances, and affect their savings and consumption. We report from a...
Vincent Somville, Lore Vandewalle (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2017:1) 28 p.
Journal Article | 2017

Women and legal pluralism: Lessons from indigenous governance systems in the Andes

The shift towards legally plural multicutural and pluri-national citizenship regimes in the Andes formally recognised indigenous peoples' community-based governance systems. These tend to emphasise participation, deliberation and service to the...
Anna Barrera and Rachel Sieder (2017)
in Journal of Latin American Studies vol. 49 no. 3 pp. 633-658
Report in External Series | 2017

Country Evaluation Brief: Palestine

The Occupied Palestinian Territories is one of the world’s most aid-dependent countries. Despite overall levels of aid falling since 2009, the Territories remain one of the world’s largest per capita...
Are John Knudsen, Alaa Tartir (2017)
Country Evaluation Brief, Palestine
Book Chapter | 2017

Syria's refugees in Lebanon: Brothers, burden and bone of contention

The Syrian civil war has displaced more than one million Syrians as refugees in Lebanon. Lebanon has not set up formal camps, but instituted a “non–camp” approach, meaning that nearly...
Are John Knudsen (2017)
in Rosita di Peri, Daniel Meier: Lebanon Facing the Arab Uprisings: Between Internal Challenges and External Constraints. London: Palgrave Macmillan pp. 135-154
CMI Working Paper | 2016

Understanding the Lay of the Land: An Institutional Analysis of Petro-Governance in Tanzania

Tanzania has recently discovered large petroleum reserves, boosting its reserve natural resource stocks and potential future revenue flows. What is the likelihood that the country’s petroleum resources will translate into...
Bryan Lee, Kendra Dupuy (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2016:12) 20 p.
U4 Brief | 2016

Specialised anti-corruption courts: Indonesia

The Indonesian Court for Corruption Crimes, or Tipikor court, has handled corruption cases for more than a decade. Initially there was only one Tipikor court in Jakarta, exclusively hearing cases...
Sofie Arjon Schütte (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2016:4) 4 p
CMI Report | 2016

Women’s Activism in Saudi Arabia: Male Guardianship and Sexual Violence

Saudi Arabia is often presented in Western media as the poster child of women’s oppression. It is the country where women are forced to cover their heads and body in...
Liv Tønnessen (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2016:1)
CMI Report | 2015

We shall speak where others are silent? Fragments of an oral history of Norwegian assistance to Afghan women

Norway has a strong political commitment to promote the rights of women and their participation in public life through its development cooperation programs. A government White Paper on the subject...
Astri Suhrke (2015)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2015:11) 36 p.