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U4 Brief | Jul 2020

Emergency release of people from prison because of Covid-19. A brief analysis through an anti-corruption lens

Many countries are implementing emergency releases of people from prison to mitigate the spread of Covid-19. Such measures, while critical to public health, can enable the unjust release from prison...
Victoria Jennett (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2020:11)
Master's Thesis | Jun 2020

The effect of a supply shock in the production of cocaine on violence: Evidence from Colombia and Venezuela

Using data on coca cultivation and homicides, this paper analyzes an otherwise little researched topic, linking cocaine production and violence in Colombia. I use an exogenous supply shock in gasoline,...
Monica Beeder (2020)
Journal Article | Jun 2020

The non-oil tax reform in Angola: Escaping from petroleum dependency?

  Angola experienced an extraordinary oil boom between 2004 and 2014. During this period, oil revenue accounted for 80% of all government revenue. In 2011, the Government of Angola started implementing...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Aslak Orre and Francisco Paulo (2020)
in The Extractive Industries and Society vol. 7
CMI Brief | Jun 2020

La diplomatie humanitaire

Améliorer l’accès à l’aide humanitaire dans les conflits et dans les situations d’urgence complexes a toujours été la plus grande préoccupation pour les acteurs humanitaires. Historiquement l’humanitarisme a été conduit...
Antonio De Lauri (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2020:06) 4 p.
CMI Working Paper | Jun 2020

Preparing to leave? Household mobility decisions in climate affected areas of coastal Bangladesh

Abstract We present unique survey data on the migration predictions of 400 households in two extremely climate exposed unions of coastal Bangladesh. We have four main findings. First, despite having prospects...
Arne Wiig, Minhaj Mahmud, Ivar Kolstad, Päivi Lujala, Sosina Bezu (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2020:04) 33 p.
U4 Guide | Apr 2020

Supporting civil society during the Covid-19 pandemic. The potentials of online collaborations for social accountability

There are significant corruption risks during times of crisis. Civil society has an important role to play in ensuring funds to tackle the Covid-19 pandemic reach their destination. Donors and...
Saul Mullard, Per Aarvik (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Guide 2020:1)
Journal Article | Mar 2020

'He should learn that he cannot get a woman for free’: Male elopers and constructions of masculinity in the Afghan justice system

This article explores constructions of gender, masculinity, and class in moral crimes prosecutions, and their legal aftermaths in Afghanistan. It argues that the lack of attention to men in advocacy...
Torunn Wimpelmann, Aziz Hakimi, Masooma Sa'adat (2020)
in Men and Masculinities, March 2020
CMI Brief | Feb 2020

Everyday humanitarian diplomacy: Experiences from border areas

The term humanitarian diplomacy (HD) emerged in early 2000s. HD recognises the role of humanitarian actors when negotiating access, assistance and protection for civilians in situations of extreme insecurity and...
Cristina Churruca Muguruza (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2020:2) 4 p.
CMI Working Paper | Feb 2020

A place-based framework for assessing resettlement capacity in the context of climate change induced displacement

Place-based resettlement capacity assessments to identify potential resettlement places for climate migrants are needed to guide climate change related resettlement programs. The authors propose and validate a conceptual climate change...
Solomon Zena Walelign, Päivi Lujala (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2020:3) 46 p.
U4 Brief | Feb 2020

Networks of anti-corruption authorities. Living up to their aspirations?

Networks of anti-corruption authorities pursue cross-border collaboration and joint capacity building, and sometimes even joint principles, joint policy making, and harmonization of national laws. Information about these activities and their...
Sofie Arjon Schütte (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2020:2)
Book Chapter | 2019

Non-resource taxation in a resource-rich setting

Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Cornel Jahari, Donald Mmari and Ingrid Hoem Sjursen (2019)
in Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Donald Mmari and Kendra Dupuy: Governing petroleum resources: Prospects and challenges for Tanzania. Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute & REPOA pp. 66-71
Journal Article | 2019

Family Law Reform, Employment, and Women’s Political Participation in Ethiopia

Research showing that there is strong correlation between increased female labor force participation and women’s political participation is essentially based on empirical data from Western, democratic, and developed contexts. In...
Lovise Aalen, Andreas Kotsadam, Espen Villanger (2019)
in Social Politics: International Studies in Gender, State & Society vol. 26 no. 2 pp. 299-323
CMI Brief | 2019

The role of ICT in property tax administration: Lessons from Tanzania

A key problem facing revenue administrations in many developing countries is that they operate manual paper-based recording systems. This is particularly the case for property taxation. Revenue leakages are common...
William McCluskey, Chyi-Yun Huang (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2019:06) 4 p.
Newspaper Op-Ed | 2019

Evalueringer – se til Sverige

Evalueringer har få venner – men de fleste i bistandsbransjen erkjenner at de er nødvendige. Utenriksdepartementet og Norad – som de fleste andre institusjoner – liker egentlig ikke å bli kikket...
Inge Tvedten (2019)
Bistandsaktuelt Mai 2019
U4 Issue | 2019

Comparing peer-based anti-corruption missions in Kosovo and Guatemala

International missions brought foreign experts to help local partners tackle corruption and organised crime in Kosovo and Guatemala. With unprecedented investigative powers, those efforts sought to disrupt criminal networks and...
Gabriel Kuris (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2019:6)
Journal Article | 2019

Twenty Years After Ottawa: ‘Unpacking’ Mine Action in Peace Agreements

Mine action is essential for long-term peacebuilding and post-conflict reconstruction. Using new data, this paper explores the nexus between mine action and peace processes, providing an analysis of trends in...
Robert Forster (2019)
in Journal of Peacebuilding and Development vol. 14 no. 2 pp. 150-163
Journal Article | 2019

Ethnically Biased? Experimental Evidence from Kenya

Ethnicity has been shown to shape political, social, and economic behavior in Africa, but the underlying mechanisms remain contested. We utilize lab experiments to isolate one mechanism—an individual's bias in...
Lars Ivar Oppedal Berge, Kjetil Bjorvatn, Simon Galle, Edward Miguel, Daniel N. Posner, Bertil Tungodden, Kelly Zhang (2019)
in Journal of the European Economic Association vol. 18 no. 1
Journal Article | 2019

Policy implementation under stress: Central-local government relations in property tax administration in Tanzania

Inter-organisational cooperation in revenue collection has received limited attention in the tax administration literature. Recent experiences from Tanzania offer a unique opportunity to examine opportunities and challenges facing such cooperation...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Merima Ali and Lucas Katera (2019)
in Journal of Financial Management of Property and Construction vol. 26 no. 2 pp. 129-147
Newspaper Op-Ed | 2019

Når kan kvoteringsordninger for kvinner i politikken fjernes?

Bruken av kjønnskvotering i politikken skal i utgangspunktet være midlertidig og avskaffes når målet er nådd. Likevel bryr få seg om denne ‘midlertidigheten’. For når er egentlig tiden moden for...
Vibeke Wang (2019)
Bistandsaktuelt 25.02.19
Book Chapter | 2019

Introduction: Implementing Child Rights

The UN Convention for the Rights of the Child (CRC) has emerged as a central yardstick in assessing policies and practices concerning children. Norway has incorporated the convention in domestic...
Malcolm Langford, Marit Skivenes, Karl Harald Søvig and Tori Loven Kirkebø (2019)
in Malcolm Langford , Marit Skivenes and Karl Harald Søvig (eds.): Children's Rights in Norway An Implementation Paradox?. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget pp. 15-41