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Journal Article | forthcoming 2021

Legal Mobilization to Protect Women against Rape in Islamist Sudan

A popular uprising recently ousted Omar al-Bashir and his Islamist cronies from power after having ruled Sudan with an iron fist since 1989. Sexual abuse and torture orchestrated by the...
Liv Tønnessen and Samia al-Nagar (2021)
in Cahiers d'études africaines
Journal Article | forthcoming 2020

Too big to fault? Effects of the 2010 Nobel Peace Prize on Norwegian exports to China and foreign policy

In October 2010, the Norwegian Nobel Committee awarded the Nobel peace prize to Chinese dissident Liu Xiaobo. The Chinese government responded by freezing political and economic relations with Norway, introducing...
Ivar Kolstad (2020)
in International Political Science Review vol. 41 no. 2 pp. 207-223
Report in External Series | Sep 2020

ترتیبات آتش بس

مذاکرات آتش بس در کدام زمان و چگونه صورت میگیرد وعناصربنیادی آن کدام ها اند؟ این رهنمود عناصر بنیادی ۲۶۷ موافقتنامه های آتش بس مندرج بانک اطلاعاتی که بین سال...
Robert Forster (2020)
Edinburgh: University of Edinburgh (PA-X Spotlight) 21 p.
U4 Practitioner Experience Note | Aug 2020

Twenty years with anti-corruption. Part 10. Keeping the vision alive: new methods, new ambitions

The last 20 years has seen a solid international architecture established to fight corruption. However, the pace of progress has slowed in recent years. Two critical problems are that the...
Phil Mason OBE (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Practitioner Experience Note 2020:10)
Sudan Brief | Jul 2020

Patriarchy, Politics and Women’s Activism in Post-Revolution Sudan

While Sudanese women were at the forefront of the popular uprising under the banner "freedom, peace and justice" that started in December 2018 and eventually led to the ousting of...
Liv Tønnessen, Samia al-Nagar (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Brief 2010:02) 4 p.
Journal Article | Jul 2020

Polygynous Neighbors, Excess Men, and Intergroup Conflict in Rural Africa

We argue that polygyny creates a social imbalance where few, economically well-off men marry many wives and many poor men marry late or never. By definition, polygyny produces what we...
Carlo Koos, Clara Neupert-Wentz (2020)
in Journal of Conflict Resolution vol. 64 no. 2-3 pp. 402-431
Journal Article | Jun 2020

Armed governance: the case of the CIA-supported Afghan militias

This article examines the genealogy and behavior of the CIA militias in Afghanistan against the backdrop of persistent armed governance whereby a plurality of actors competes over control and rule....
Antonio De Lauri, Astri Suhrke (2020)
in Small Wars and Insurgency
Book Chapter | Mar 2020

Constituting Transitions: Predicting Unpredictability

This chapter examines how transitional governance arrangements are constituted in peace and transitions processes. We map and analyse the relationship between the legal ‘constitutionalisation’ of the transition, and the political...
Christine Bell, Robert Forster (2020)
in Emmanuel H. D. De Groof, Micha Wiebusch: International Law and Transitional Governance Critical Perspectives. London: Routledge
Journal Article | Feb 2020

Independence or Front Lines: Securing Southern Representation in Yemen's Peace Talks

The article addresses the consolidation and rise of the Southern Transitional Council in South Yemen and their push for access to a seat at the table of Yemen’s peace talks....
Robert Forster (2020)
Forster, Robert. 'Independence or Frontlines: Securing Southern Representation in Yemen's Peace Talks', Babylon: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Midtøstenstudier, Vol. 17, No. 2 (2019), pp. 8-21
Journal Article | Jan 2020

A critical look at civil society and peace building in Sudan (in arabic)

Munzoul Assal (2020)
in Bulletin of Sudanese Studies
Book Chapter | 2019

Ceasefires

A review of the practice and content of ceasefire agreements and provisions in peace agreements. The article include a discussion on the definition of ‘ceasefire’ and related terms, such as...
Robert Forster (2019)
in Romaniuk, S., Thapa M., and P. Marton: The Palgrave Encyclopedia of Global Security Studies. Cham: Palgrave MacMillan
Sudan Brief | 2019

The paradox of federalism and decentralisation in South Sudan: An instrument and an obstacle for peace

A power sharing agreement and the inauguration of a new government in South Sudan has been put to a halt. Disagreement on the number of states and local self-government, security...
Lovise Aalen (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Brief 2019:01) 5 p.
Report in External Series | 2019

Local Peace Processes: Opportunities and Challenges for Women’s Engagement

When and how do local peace processes and agreements address conflict? What are the opportunities and challenges for women and gender-equality advocates seeking to meaningfully engage with local peace processes? When and how...
Laura Wise, Robert Forster, Christine Bell (2019)
Wise, L., Forster, R., and Bell, Christine. (2019). 'Local Peace Processes: Opportunties and Challenges for Women's Engagement', Edinburgh: Global Justice Academy, University of Edinburgh
Report in External Series | 2019

Women and the Renegotiation of Transitional Governance Arrangements

The PA-X Spotlight Series addresses questions regarding comparative peace processes, asked by those seeking to influence peace and transition processes to be more inclusive. Each Spotlight provides brief comparative material...
Christine Bell, Robert Forster (2019)
Forster, R. & Bell, C. (2019). Gender Mainstreaming in Ceasefires: Comparative Data and Examples (PA-X Report, Spotlight Series). Edinburgh: Global Justice Academy, University of Edinburgh
Report in External Series | 2019

Gender Mainstreaming in Ceasefires: Comparative Data and Examples

This Spotlight addresses the questions: How did peace agreements and transition documents signed in Libya between 2011 and 2018 provide for the inclusion of women and gender? When and how...
Robert Forster, Christine Bell (2019)
Forster, R. & Bell, C. (2019). Gender Mainstreaming in Ceasefires: Comparative Data and Examples (PA-X Report, Spotlight Series). Edinburgh: Global Justice Academy, University of Edinburgh
Report in External Series | 2019

A Gender Analysis of Peace Agreements and Transitional Documents in Libya, 2011-2018

This Spotlight addresses the questions: How did peace agreements and transition documents signed in Libya between 2011 and 2018 provide for the inclusion of women and gender? When and how...
Robert Forster (2019)
Forster, R. (2019). A Gender Analysis of Peace Agreements and Transitional Documents in Libya, 2011-2018 (PA-X Report, Spotlight Series). Edinburgh: Global Justice Academy, University of Edinburgh
Report in External Series | 2019

The “CIA’s Army”: A Threat to Human Rights and an Obstacle to Peace in Afghanistan

Afghan paramilitary forces working with the United States Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) have long been a staple in the US war on terrorism in Afghanistan and the border region with...
Astri Suhrke and Antonio De Lauri (2019)
Providence: The Watson Institute for International and Public Affairs, Brown University (Costs of War) 14 p.
CMI Brief | 2019

Civil society’s role in petroleum sector governance: The case of Tanzania

Good governance in the management of natural resources is now recognized by scholars and policy makers as key to ensuring that countries can prevent and escape the resource curse and...
Kendra Dupuy, Lise Rakner, Lucas Katera (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2019:02) 4 p.
Journal Article | 2019

Twenty Years After Ottawa: ‘Unpacking’ Mine Action in Peace Agreements

Mine action is essential for long-term peacebuilding and post-conflict reconstruction. Using new data, this paper explores the nexus between mine action and peace processes, providing an analysis of trends in...
Robert Forster (2019)
in Journal of Peacebuilding and Development vol. 14 no. 2 pp. 150-163
Journal Article | 2019

Exchange asymmetries in productive assets: Tools, fertilizer or cash?

Exchange asymmetries in individual decision-making have attracted substantial attention from economists since Thaler (1980) referred to the phenomenon that losses are weighted more heavily than gains as an “endowment effect”...
Stein Terje Holden,Sosina Bezu (2019)
in World Development vol. 115 pp. 269-278