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Journal Article | Jan 2020

The Customer is King: Evidence on VAT Compliance in Tanzania

Value Added Tax (VAT) has emerged as one of the main modes of raising tax revenue worldwide, but has significantly underperformed as a revenue source in African countries. To improve...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Cecilia Kagoma, Ephraim Mdee, Ingrid Hoem Sjursen, Vincent Somville (2020)
in World Development vol. 128
Journal Article | Jan 2020

Income Guarantees and Borrowing in Risky Environments: Evidence from India's Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme

This paper investigates the effects of an income guarantee on borrowing in a risky setting with marked seasonality. A three‐season, infinite‐horizon model is developed, in which the aims of smoothing...
Clive Bell and Abhiroop Mukhopadhyay (2020)
in Economica. Early view
Journal Article | Jan 2020

Kinship, Caste, and Health: Illness and Treatment in Upland Orissa

This paper investigates whether an individual’s relationship to the head of household and caste are associated with the level of his or her morbidity and, in the event of illness,...
Clive Bell and Susanne van Dillen (2020)
in Journal of Development Studies vol. 56 no. 1 pp. 45-62
Journal Article | 2019

The Political, Research, Programmatic, and Social Responses to Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights in the 25 Years Since the International Conference on Population and Development

Among the ground-breaking achievements of the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) was its call to place adolescent sexual and reproductive health (ASRH) on global health and development agendas....
Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli, M.B.B.S., M.Sc. a,*, B. Jane Ferguson, M.S.W., M.S.C. b, (2019)
in Journal of Adolescent Health vol. 65 no. 6
Newspaper Op-Ed | 2019

Hvordan lykkes i kampen mot barneekteskap?

Regjeringens rykende ferske strategi mot skadelige skikker (2019-2023) har som mål å avskaffe skadelige skikker innen 2030. Skolegang for jenter er i seg selv ikke nok til å få slutt...
Liv Tønnessen (2019)
Bistandsaktuelt 6.12.2019
Journal Article | 2019

Too big to fault? Effects of the 2010 Nobel Peace Prize on Norwegian exports to China and foreign policy

In October 2010, the Norwegian Nobel Committee awarded the Nobel peace prize to Chinese dissident Liu Xiaobo. The Chinese government responded by freezing political and economic relations with Norway, introducing...
Ivar Kolstad (2019)
in International Political Science Review
Journal Article | 2019

Acceptability of an economic support component to reduce early pregnancy and school dropout in Zambia: a qualitative case study

Background: Cash Transfer (CT) schemes have become popular poverty reducing measures in many low and middle-income countries. Research indicates that when provided to girls in resource poor settings, cash transfers...
Emmanuel Banda, Joar Svanemyr, Ingvild Fossgard Sandøy, Isabel Goicolea & Joseph Mumba Zulu (2019)
in Global Health Action vol. 12 no. 1
Book Chapter | 2019

'Here Men Are Becoming Women and Women Men'. Gender, Class and Space in Maputo, Mozambique

Outlining historical and contemporary processes of political and economic change in Mozambique’s capital city Maputo, and juxtaposing these with an ethnography of social positons and human agency, this chapter shows...
Inge Tvedten, Arlindo Uate and Lizete Mangueleze (2019)
in Joël Noret: Social Im/mobilities in Africa. Ehnographic Approaches. London: Berghahn Books
CMI Working Paper | 2019

Managing the born-free generation: Zimbabwe’s strategies for dealing with the youth

A rich literature on Africa’s autocratic and repressive regimes has discussed the diverse strategies through which these regimes seek to consolidate and stay in power. Prominent strategies include election rigging,...
Marjoke Oosterom and Simbarashe Gukurume (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2019:02)
Journal Article | 2019

Emergency Urbanism in Sabra, Beirut.

Since the mid-1980s, generations of displaced people have sought refuge in the ramshackle buildings that were once the Gaza-Ramallah Hospital, a multi-story hospital complex built by the Palestinian Liberation Organization...
Are John Knudsen (2019)
in Public Anthropologist vol. 1 no. 2 pp. 171-193
Report in External Series | 2019

The “CIA’s Army”: A Threat to Human Rights and an Obstacle to Peace in Afghanistan

Afghan paramilitary forces working with the United States Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) have long been a staple in the US war on terrorism in Afghanistan and the border region with...
Suhrke Astri and Antonio De Lauri (2019)
Providence: The Watson Institute for International and Public Affairs, Brown University (Costs of War) 14 p.
Journal Article | 2019

Vulnerable populations and the right to health: lessons from the Peruvian Amazon around tuberculosis contro

In 2014 the World Health Organization (WHO) launched the “End TB Strategy”, setting new ambitious goals for elimination of tuberculosis (TB). In contrast with previous efforts to control TB, the...
Camila Gianella (2019)
in International Journal for Equity in Health
CMI Brief | 2019

The role of ICT in property tax administration: Lessons from Tanzania

A key problem facing revenue administrations in many developing countries is that they operate manual paper-based recording systems. This is particularly the case for property taxation. Revenue leakages are common...
William McCluskey, Chyi-Yun Huang (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2019:06) 4 p.
U4 Issue | 2019

China and global integrity-building: Challenges and prospects for engagement

Due to its economic weight and an increasingly active outreach towards developing countries under the framework of "South-South Cooperation", the People's Republic of China's (PRC) global footprint has become such...
Bertram Lang (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2019:7)
Journal Article | 2019

Factors influencing the use of reproductive health care services among married adolescent girls in Dang District, Nepal: a qualitative study

Background: Child marriage is associated with adverse reproductive health outcomes, and the practice is still alarmingly common. Together with efforts to end child marriage, it is essential to provide adequate...
Binita Maharjan, Poonam Rishal and Joar Svanemyr (2019)
in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth vol. 19 no. 152
Journal Article | 2019

Elite behaviour and citizen mobilization

This paper studies the relation between self-serving elite behaviour and citizen political participation. We use a fixed effects approach to analyze the association between portfolio investment in tax havens and...
Ivar Kolstad and Arne Wiig (2019)
in European Journal of Political Research
U4 Issue | 2019

Comparing peer-based anti-corruption missions in Kosovo and Guatemala

International missions brought foreign experts to help local partners tackle corruption and organised crime in Kosovo and Guatemala. With unprecedented investigative powers, those efforts sought to disrupt criminal networks and...
Gabriel Kuris (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2019:6)
Journal Article | 2019

Twenty Years After Ottawa: ‘Unpacking’ Mine Action in Peace Agreements

Mine action is essential for long-term peacebuilding and post-conflict reconstruction. Using new data, this paper explores the nexus between mine action and peace processes, providing an analysis of trends in...
Robert Forster (2019)
in Journal of Peacebuilding and Development vol. 14 no. 2 pp. 150-163
Journal Article | 2019

A Triad of Confrontation: State Discipline, Buddhist Purification, and Indiscipline as a Local Strategy in Central Vietnam

In the village of Sa Huỳnh, state, fishers, and Buddhist clergy draw from semiotic ideologies but often employ a common political language, rarely agreeing on its meaning. Highlighting different structural...
Edyta Roszko (2019)
in Journal of Contemporary Ethnography vol. 48 no. 2 pp. 183-208
Journal Article | 2019

Overcoming the Limits of Legal Opportunity Structures: LGBT Rights’ Divergent Paths in Costa Rica and Colombia

Costa Rica and Colombia, two of the earliest Latin American countries to protect many LGBT rights, attempted to amplify those rights and litigate same-sex marriage (SSM) in mid-2000s; however, these...
Bruce M. Wilson,Camila Gianella (2019)
in Latin American Politics and Society. vol. 61, Special Issue 2 pp. 138-163