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Journal Article | Jun 2020

Does an economics education produce technocratic paternalists? Experimental evidence from Tanzania

When confronted with information that ordinary citizens do not care that strongly about efficiency, do economists change their views of optimal public policy? In a randomized experiment on tax preferences...
Ivar Kolstad, Arne Wiig and Odd-Helge Fjeldstad (2020)
in Journal of Development Studies vol. 56
U4 Issue | May 2020

Values education for public integrity. What works and what doesn’t

Schools and universities in various countries are teaching youth about integrity norms and values. Despite limited evidence on effectiveness, some good practices and lessons learned have emerged. Development partners, multilateral...
Carissa Munro, Monica Kirya (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2020:8)
Book Chapter | Mar 2020

Constituting Transitions: Predicting Unpredictability

This chapter examines how transitional governance arrangements are constituted in peace and transitions processes. We map and analyse the relationship between the legal ‘constitutionalisation’ of the transition, and the political...
Christine Bell, Robert Forster (2020)
in Emmanuel H. D. De Groof, Micha Wiebusch: International Law and Transitional Governance Critical Perspectives. London: Routledge
CMI Brief | Feb 2020

Candidate selection and informal soft quotas for women: Insights from Zambia

What does it take for a female politician to win a party nomination? We still know little about women’s entry into politics in countries without formal gender quotas. Using data...
Vibeke Wang, Ragnhild L. Muriaas (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2020:1) 4 p.
U4 Issue | Feb 2020

Overcoming the pitfalls of engaging communities in anti-corruption programmes

Effective engagement by communities is a crucial strategy for anti-corruption initiatives. However, encouraging involvement and civic-mindedness at a local level can present challenges for donors and practitioners. Trust, the sense...
Petra Burai (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2020:3)
Journal Article | Jan 2020

The Customer is King: Evidence on VAT Compliance in Tanzania

Value Added Tax (VAT) has emerged as one of the main modes of raising tax revenue worldwide, but has significantly underperformed as a revenue source in African countries. To improve...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Cecilia Kagoma, Ephraim Mdee, Ingrid Hoem Sjursen, Vincent Somville (2020)
in World Development vol. 128
Journal Article | 2019

The right to abortion in Tunisia after the revolution of 2011: Legal, medical and social arrangements seen through seven abortion stories

In this article, we explore the effects that Tunisia’s post-revolutionary democratization process has had on the right to abortion, drawing on ethnographic material, interviews, and medical files that we collected...
Irene Maffi and Malika Affes (2019)
in Health and Human Rights Journal vol. 21 no. 2 pp. 69-78
Journal Article | 2019

The politicization of abortion and hippocratic disobedience in Islamist Sudan

In Sudan's Islamist state, abortion is politicized through its association to illegal pregnancy. Fornication is crime against God punishable with 100 lashes. Pregnancy outside a marriage contract constitute sufficient evidence...
Liv Tønnessen and Samia al-Nagar (2019)
in Health and Human Rights Journal vol. 21 no. 2 pp. 7-19
Edited Book | 2019

Political Corruption in Africa. Extraction and Power Preservation

Analysing political corruption as a distinct but separate entity from bureaucratic corruption, this timely book separates these two very different social phenomena in a way that is often overlooked in...
Inge Amundsen (ed.) (2019)
Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishers Ltd. c 200 p.
U4 Brief | 2019

Towards cities of integrity: The role of urban planners

Getting urbanisation right is a prerequisite for human development and environmental sustainability. Yet, corruption risks in urbanisation abound and threaten to stymie ambitions for a prosperous, inclusive, resilient urban future....
Dieter Zinnbauer (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2019:4)
Newspaper Op-Ed | 2019

Why fix KPK when it is not broken?

Indonesia’s most promising attempt at controlling corruption and an inspiration for its peers internationally is about to lose a lot of what enabled it to be so effective and trusted...
Sofie Arjon Schütte (2019)
Jakarta Post 27 September
Book | 2019

Corruption, évitement fiscal, blanchiment dans le secteur extractif: de l'art de jouer avec le droit

Le pétrole, le gaz et les minerais sont des ressources indispensables pour le bon fonctionnement de nos économies et sont très convoitées. Elles sont ainsi particulièrement propices à l’émergence de...
Sophie Lemaître (2019)
Rennes: Presses Universitaires de Rennes (L'univers des normes)
Journal Article | 2019

Women at work in Sudan: Marital privilege or constitutional right

This article explores how working women in Sudan's capital negotiate legal constraints placing them under the guardianship of their husbands, imposing strict public dress and behavioral codes upon them, and...
Liv Tønnessen (2019)
in Social Politics: International Studies in Gender, State & Society vol. 26 no. 2 pp. 223-244
Book Chapter | 2019

Citizenship, statelessness, and human rights protection in Sudan's constitutions and post South Sudan secession challenges

Sudan and South Sudan have suffered from repeated cycles of conflict and authoritarianism resulting in serious human rights and humanitarian law violations. Several efforts, such as the 2005 Comprehensive Peace...
Munzoul Assal (2019)
in Constitution-making and Human Rights in the Sudans (Lutz Oette, Mohamed Abdelsalam Babiker (eds.))
Report in External Series | 2019

Transforming Pastoralist Mobility in West Darfur: Understanding Continuity and Change

In the Darfur Region of Sudan, patterns of livestock mobility and livelihood systems are continually adapting and transforming themselves in the face of multiple challenges. Earlier studies have shown that...
Hussein Sulieman and Helen Young (2019)
A Feinstein International Center publication, January 2019
Report in External Series | 2018

The Customer is King: Evidence on VAT Compliance in Tanzania

Like governments in many other African countries, the Government of Tanzania has been striving to improve the effectiveness of its value added tax (VAT) regime by reducing tax evasion through...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Cecilia Kagoma, Ephraim Mdee, Ingrid Hoem Sjursen and Vincent Somville (2018)
Brighton: International Centre for Tax and Development (ICTD) (ICTD Working Paper no. 83) 28 p.
Newspaper Op-Ed | 2018

Besteuerung und Kapitalflucht aus Afrika: Die Steuervermeidungsindustrie [The tax avoidance industry: facilitators of capital flight from Africa]

To combat the global problems of tax evasion, corruption and money laundering, it is vital to understand the essential role tax havens play as providers of secrecy. This requires knowledge...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad (2018)
Afrika-bulletin 171 Entwicklungspolitische Zeitschrift des Afrika-Komitees Basel Sept/Okt 2018
Book | 2018

Taxing Africa: Coercion, Reform and Development

It has long been debated whether Africa's lack of growth is best explained by the continent's exploitation by the global system, or by internal failures of domestic political leadership, and...
Mick Moore, Wilson Prichard and Odd-Helge Fjeldstad (2018)
London/New York: Zed Books (African Arguments Book Series,) 216 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2018

Professional Agency in the Ecology of Wrongdoing

This study offers an account of individual agency within a constructivist view of professional wrongdoing. The main contribution is a model in which the neglected role of individual professionals is...
Brooke Harrington, Copenhagen Business School (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2018:8)
CMI Brief | 2018

Switches from quota- to non-quota seats: A comparative study of Tanzania and Uganda

Reserved-seat quotas have been used worldwide as a measure to get more women in parliament. However, they are meant to be temporary until women can compete with men for open...
Vibeke Wang and Mi Yung Yoon (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2) 4 p.