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U4 Brief | Jul 2020

Emergency release of people from prison because of Covid-19. A brief analysis through an anti-corruption lens

Many countries are implementing emergency releases of people from prison to mitigate the spread of Covid-19. Such measures, while critical to public health, can enable the unjust release from prison...
Victoria Jennett (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2020:11)
U4 Practitioner Experience Note | Jul 2020

Twenty years with anti-corruption. Part 8. Working with other parts of government … when they don’t want to work with you

Within two years of starting its anti-corruption drive, the UK Department for International Development had secured a number of successes. This was despite having to work with other departments in...
Phil Mason OBE (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Practitioner Experience Note 2020:8)
Journal Article | Jun 2020

Does an economics education produce technocratic paternalists? Experimental evidence from Tanzania

When confronted with information that ordinary citizens do not care that strongly about efficiency, do economists change their views of optimal public policy? In a randomized experiment on tax preferences...
Ivar Kolstad, Arne Wiig and Odd-Helge Fjeldstad (2020)
in Journal of Development Studies vol. 56
U4 Practitioner Experience Note | Jun 2020

Twenty years with anti-corruption. Part 5. Money laundering and illicit financial flows – the ‘getaway car’ of corruption

Combatting money laundering and flows of illicit finance is central to the global response to corruption. These are the means by which criminals enjoy the fruits of their wrongdoing. Yet...
Phil Mason OBE (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Practitioner Experience Note 2020:5)
U4 Brief | Jun 2020

Covid-19 and donor financing. Minimising corruption risks while ensuring efficiency

With the spread of the Covid-19 pandemic, development aid and donor agencies face new challenges. They have to deliver essential products and financial assistance in a short time frame to...
Guillaume Nicaise (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2020:10)
U4 Issue | Jun 2020

Health sector corruption. Practical recommendations for donors

Corruption in the health sector can make the difference between life and death. It has severe consequences for access, quality, equity, efficiency, and efficacy of health services and is an...
Karen Hussmann (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2020:10)
U4 Issue | May 2020

Values education for public integrity. What works and what doesn’t

Schools and universities in various countries are teaching youth about integrity norms and values. Despite limited evidence on effectiveness, some good practices and lessons learned have emerged. Development partners, multilateral...
Carissa Munro, Monica Kirya (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2020:8)
Sudan Brief | Mar 2020

Irregular Migration or Human Trafficking? The Realities of Cross-border Population Mobility in Western Sudan

A new public discourse labels irregular migration as human trafficking. The new discourse has been shaped by emerging globalized migration patterns and the increased securitization of Europe’s borders.  This brief...
Abdelmageed M. Yahya (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Brief 2020:1) 4 p.
Book Chapter | Mar 2020

Constituting Transitions: Predicting Unpredictability

This chapter examines how transitional governance arrangements are constituted in peace and transitions processes. We map and analyse the relationship between the legal ‘constitutionalisation’ of the transition, and the political...
Christine Bell, Robert Forster (2020)
in Emmanuel H. D. De Groof, Micha Wiebusch: International Law and Transitional Governance Critical Perspectives. London: Routledge
U4 Practitioner Experience Note | Mar 2020

Twenty years with anti-corruption. Part 2. Fighting the ‘seven deadly thins’ – starting the DFID journey

DFID’s experience between 1997 and 2010 saw a fundamental shift in the accepted role of a development agency and unique innovations in anti-corruption thinking and operations. The years would also...
Phil Mason OBE (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Practitioner Experience Note 2020:2)
U4 Issue | Mar 2020

Blockchain as an anti-corruption tool. Case examples and introduction to the technology

The technology behind bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies was supposed to end poverty, eliminate corruption, and provide financial inclusion for all. The very financial institutions it was created to exclude are...
Per Aarvik (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2020:7)
Journal Article | Jan 2020

The Customer is King: Evidence on VAT Compliance in Tanzania

Value Added Tax (VAT) has emerged as one of the main modes of raising tax revenue worldwide, but has significantly underperformed as a revenue source in African countries. To improve...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Cecilia Kagoma, Ephraim Mdee, Ingrid Hoem Sjursen, Vincent Somville (2020)
in World Development vol. 128
TNRC Publication | 2019

Understanding effects of corruption on law enforcement and environmental crime

Law enforcement agencies monitor and enforce laws that protect landscapes, seascapes, and the species that inhabit them. Corruption helps violators circumvent these laws and regulations and makes law enforcement a...
David Aled Williams (2019)
Washington D.C.: Targeting Natural Resource Corruption Consortium
Report in External Series | 2019

Building accountable resource governance institutions

Formal institutions are central actors in natural resource governance decisions and a key arena in which policies, laws and regulations ranging from forest concessions to trade in wildlife products are...
David Aled Williams (2019)
Washington D.C.: Targeting Natural Resource Corruption Consortium (TNRC Introductory Overview)
Edited Book | 2019

Governing Petroleum Resources: Prospects and Challenges for Tanzania

Over the last decade, large deposits of natural gas have been discovered off the southern coast of Tanzania. This book analyzes the long-term process of how a country develops the...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Donald Mmari and Kendra Dupuy (Eds.) (2019)
Bergen: CMI and REPOA 186 p.
Book Chapter | 2019

Extractive and Power-Preserving Political Corruption

This introductory chapter outlines the distinctions between, on the one hand, political and bureaucratic corruption, and, on the other hand, between extractive and power-preserving corruption. It is argued that the...
Inge Amundsen (2019)
in Inge Amundsen (ed.): Political Corruption in Africa. Extraction and Power Preservation. Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishers Ltd.
Edited Book | 2019

Political Corruption in Africa. Extraction and Power Preservation

Analysing political corruption as a distinct but separate entity from bureaucratic corruption, this timely book separates these two very different social phenomena in a way that is often overlooked in...
Inge Amundsen (ed.) (2019)
Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishers Ltd. c 200 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2019

Managing the born-free generation: Zimbabwe’s strategies for dealing with the youth

A rich literature on Africa’s autocratic and repressive regimes has discussed the diverse strategies through which these regimes seek to consolidate and stay in power. Prominent strategies include election rigging,...
Marjoke Oosterom and Simbarashe Gukurume (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2019:02)
U4 Brief | 2019

Madagascar’s specialised anti-corruption court: The quest to end impunity

In 2018, Madagascar established a specialised independent anti-corruption court – the 'Pôle Anti-Corruption' – in response to impunity in conventional courts. Special features aimed to protect the court against executive...
Florian Schatz (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2019:2)