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Journal Article | forthcoming 2020

European colonization and the corruption of local elites: the case of chiefs in Africa

The association between British colonial rule and lower levels of corruption is often emphasized in legal origins literature (La Porta et al., 2008). However, given the historical context of Africa, we hypothesize...
Merima Ali, Odd-Helge Fjeldstad and Abdulaziz Shifa (2020)
in Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization vol. 179
Report in External Series | Sep 2020

Interim Governance Arrangements in Post-Conflict and Fragile Settings

This report provides an understanding of how temporary governance during major political transitions is structured and how it works in practice. Interim governance arrangements are the exercise of public power...
Robert Forster (2020)
Stockholm: International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (Edinburgh Dialogues on Post-Conflict Constitution Building) 45 p.
U4 Issue | Aug 2020

A Theory of Change for the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative. Designing resource governance pathways to improve developmental outcomes

The Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative is a major international effort to disclose information about extractive activities. Having an explicit Theory of Change could help it to improve natural resource governance...
Philippe Le Billon, Päivi Lujala, Siri Aas Rustad (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2020:11)
U4 Practitioner Experience Note | Aug 2020

Twenty years with anti-corruption. Part 9. The UK’s changing anti-corruption landscape – new energy, new horizons

Between 2013 and 2018, the UK made unusually rapid progress in improving instruments to address corruption. These advances included legal reforms, such as establishing beneficial ownership registers, Deferred Prosecution Agreements,...
Phil Mason OBE (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Practitioner Experience Note 2020:9)
U4 Practitioner Experience Note | Aug 2020

Twenty years with anti-corruption. Part 10. Keeping the vision alive: new methods, new ambitions

The last 20 years has seen a solid international architecture established to fight corruption. However, the pace of progress has slowed in recent years. Two critical problems are that the...
Phil Mason OBE (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Practitioner Experience Note 2020:10)
Sudan Working Paper | Jul 2020

Food Security and Agricultural Development in Sudan: The case of Kassala State

This research discusses the relationship between agricultural development and food security, determinants of supply of (production of food) and demand for (consumption of food) food and determinants of food insecurity...
Prof. Dr. Samia Mohamed Nour, Dr. Eltayeb Mohamedain (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2020:1)
U4 Brief | Jul 2020

Emergency release of people from prison because of Covid-19. A brief analysis through an anti-corruption lens

Many countries are implementing emergency releases of people from prison to mitigate the spread of Covid-19. Such measures, while critical to public health, can enable the unjust release from prison...
Victoria Jennett (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2020:11)
CMI Report | Jun 2020

Literature Review: Democracy and Human Rights in contemporary Latin America (2015-2020) Trends, challenges, and prospects

Abstract Through a review of scholarly and other well-informed articles as well as media reports, this CMI Report aims to summarize discussions on challenges for democracy and human rights in Latin...
Vegard Bye, Dr.philos, CMI Affiliated Researcher, Senior Partner Scanteam Peder Østebø, M.A., Graduate Research Fellow, NUPI (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2020:01)
Journal Article | Jun 2020

Does an economics education produce technocratic paternalists? Experimental evidence from Tanzania

When confronted with information that ordinary citizens do not care that strongly about efficiency, do economists change their views of optimal public policy? In a randomized experiment on tax preferences...
Ivar Kolstad, Arne Wiig and Odd-Helge Fjeldstad (2020)
in Journal of Development Studies vol. 56
U4 Issue | Jun 2020

Health sector corruption. Practical recommendations for donors

Corruption in the health sector can make the difference between life and death. It has severe consequences for access, quality, equity, efficiency, and efficacy of health services and is an...
Karen Hussmann (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2020:10)
U4 Issue | May 2020

Values education for public integrity. What works and what doesn’t

Schools and universities in various countries are teaching youth about integrity norms and values. Despite limited evidence on effectiveness, some good practices and lessons learned have emerged. Development partners, multilateral...
Carissa Munro, Monica Kirya (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2020:8)
CMI Brief | Apr 2020

Ebola outbreak 2014-2016: Effects on other health services

Ottar Mæstad,Eskindir Loha Shumbullo (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2020:03) 4 p.
Sudan Brief | Mar 2020

Irregular Migration or Human Trafficking? The Realities of Cross-border Population Mobility in Western Sudan

A new public discourse labels irregular migration as human trafficking. The new discourse has been shaped by emerging globalized migration patterns and the increased securitization of Europe’s borders.  This brief...
Abdelmageed M. Yahya (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Brief 2020:1) 4 p.
CMI Brief | Feb 2020

Everyday humanitarian diplomacy: Experiences from border areas

The term humanitarian diplomacy (HD) emerged in early 2000s. HD recognises the role of humanitarian actors when negotiating access, assistance and protection for civilians in situations of extreme insecurity and...
Cristina Churruca Muguruza (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2020:2) 4 p.
U4 Issue | Feb 2020

Reciprocity networks, service delivery, and corruption: The wantok system in Papua New Guinea

In all countries, informal systems of reciprocity influence the distribution of state resources. These social networks help people cope with adversity but can also promote favouritism and corruption, posing a...
Grant Walton, David Jackson (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2020:1)
Journal Article | Jan 2020

Acceptability of youth clubs focusing on comprehensive sexual and reproductive health education in rural Zambian schools: a case of Central Province

Eunice Chirwa-Kambole,Joar Svanemyr,Ingvild Fossgard Sandøy,Peter Hangoma,Joseph Mumba Zulu (2020)
in BMC Health Services Research vol. 20 no. 1 pp. -
Journal Article | Jan 2020

The Customer is King: Evidence on VAT Compliance in Tanzania

Value Added Tax (VAT) has emerged as one of the main modes of raising tax revenue worldwide, but has significantly underperformed as a revenue source in African countries. To improve...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Cecilia Kagoma, Ephraim Mdee, Ingrid Hoem Sjursen, Vincent Somville (2020)
in World Development vol. 128
TNRC Publication | 2019

Understanding effects of corruption on law enforcement and environmental crime

Law enforcement agencies monitor and enforce laws that protect landscapes, seascapes, and the species that inhabit them. Corruption helps violators circumvent these laws and regulations and makes law enforcement a...
David Aled Williams (2019)
Washington D.C.: Targeting Natural Resource Corruption Consortium
Journal Article | 2019

The right to abortion in Tunisia after the revolution of 2011: Legal, medical and social arrangements seen through seven abortion stories

In this article, we explore the effects that Tunisia’s post-revolutionary democratization process has had on the right to abortion, drawing on ethnographic material, interviews, and medical files that we collected...
Irene Maffi and Malika Affes (2019)
in Health and Human Rights Journal vol. 21 no. 2 pp. 69-78