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Journal Article | Apr 2019

Colonial legacy, state building and the salience of ethnicity in Sub-Saharan Africa

African colonial history suggests that British colonial rule may have undermined state centralisation due to legacies of ethnic segregation and stronger executive constraints. Using micro-data from anglophone and francophone countries...
Merima Ali, Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Boqian Jiang and Abdulaziz Shifa (2019)
in The Economic Journal
Journal Article | Feb 2019

Humanitarian Militarism and the Production of Humanity

The limits and consequences of humanitarian military operations continue to be major issues in Western public debates on global security, democracy and human rights. This article focuses on the intersection...
Antonio De Lauri (2019)
in Social Anthropology
Book Chapter | Jan 2019

Locating China's Maritime Silk Road in the context of the South China Sea disputes

The South China Sea (SCS) is a bitterly contested maritime battleground for state sovereignty, oil and gas and, perhaps above all, for the marine resources on which large populations of...
Edyta Roszko (2019)
in Carmen Amado Mendes: China's New Silk Road: An Emerging World Order. London: Routledge: Taylor&Francis Group pp. 165-179
Journal Article | Jan 2019

Access to What? Legal Agency and Access to Justice for Indigenous Peoples in Latin America

In this paper I issue a call for a primary focus on expanding and strengthening alternative, community-based justice systems, as a strategy for securing the full benefits of legal agency...
Daniel M. Brinks (2019)
in The Journal of Development Studies vol. 55 no. 3 pp. 348-365
Book Chapter | Jan 2019

The plain drone, the armed drone and human security

The plain drone and the armed drone differ greatly in their impact on human security. The plain drone is essentially neutral; its impact depends on the nature and purpose of...
Astri Suhrke (2019)
in Handbook of Intervention and Statebuilding. Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd
Report in External Series | Jan 2019

Transforming Pastoralist Mobility in West Darfur: Understanding Continuity and Change

In the Darfur Region of Sudan, patterns of livestock mobility and livelihood systems are continually adapting and transforming themselves in the face of multiple challenges. Earlier studies have shown that...
Hussein Sulieman and Helen Young (2019)
A Feinstein International Center publication, January 2019
CMI Working Paper | 2018

Most people are not economists: Citizen preferences for corporate taxation

On what bases should corporations be taxed? This article presents evidence from a series of discrete choice experiments designed to elicit the tax preferences of ordinary citizens. We find that...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad,Ivar Kolstad,Arne Wiig (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2018:11)
Journal Article | 2018

A Good Ally - Norway and International Statebuilding in Afghanistan, 2001-2014

The article examines the findings of the Commission of Inquiry established by the Norwegian government in 2014 to evaluate all aspects of Norway's civilian and military contribution to the international operation in...
Mats Berdal, Astri Suhrke (2018)
in Journal of Strategic Studies
Report in External Series | 2018

Russian Use of Private Military and Security Companies - the implications for European and Norwegian Security

How does the Russian use of private military and security companies affect Russian use of force and what are the implications for European and Norwegian security? Over the past couple of...
Åse Gilje Østensen and Tor Bukkvoll (2018)
Oslo (FFI-rapport no. 18/01300) 53 p.
U4 Issue | 2018

Open data for transparency and accountability in health service delivery: What's new in the digital age?

Open data platforms have a great unexplored potential. Publicly available health data can make service delivery more transparent and accountable. Experience from Peru, Mexico and Uruguay show how civil society...
Fabrizio Scrollini (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2018:6)
U4 Issue | 2018

Capacity building for the Nigerian Navy: Eyes wide shut on corruption?

Pervasive corruption in the Nigerian maritime security sector facilitates smuggling, piracy and oil theft. Building capacity while ignoring corruption risks making corruption and related crimes worse. The United States Africa...
Åse Gilje Østensen, Sheelagh Brady, Sofie Arjon Schütte (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2018:4)
CMI Brief | 2018

Humanitarian Diplomacy: A New Research Agenda

Improving access to humanitarian aid in conflict and complex emergencies has always been a major concern for policy makers and humanitarian actors. Historically, humanitarianism has been conducted in situations of...
Antonio De Lauri (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2018:4) 4 p.
Sudan Working Paper | 2018

Unpleasant homecoming: The predicament of returning pastoralists from South Sudan to Aljabalain Area, White Nile State

In many countries around the world (especially in Africa), the livelihood of pastoralists depends largely on trekking over vast areas of land in constant search of water and pasture for...
Musa Adam Abdul-Jalil (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2018:1) 20 p.
Journal Article | 2018

Labour-Intensive Jobs for Women and Development: Intra-household Welfare Effects and Its Transmission Channels

We examine the welfare impacts of poor women getting low-skilled jobs and find large positive income, consumption and poverty effects at household and individual levels. However, the women workers, their...
Tigabu Getahun and Espen Villanger (2018)
in Journal of Development Studies vol. 54 no. 7 pp. 1232-1252
CMI Report | 2018

Building tax systems in fragile states. Challenges, achievements and policy recommendations

The purpose of this study is to systematise and analyse existing knowledge on taxation in fragile states. Efforts to support domestic revenue mobilisation in conflict situations require a different approach...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Morten Bøås, Julie Brun Bjørkheim, Frida Margrethe Kvamme (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2018:03) 49 p.
Newspaper Op-Ed | 2018

Democracy decaying in Bangladesh

Bangladesh has taken yet another turn on its downwards spiral from democracy to authoritarianism. On 8 February 2018, a Bangladeshi judge convicted opposition leader Khaleda Zia — the nation’s former...
Inge Amundsen (2018)
East Asia Forum, 6 March 2018
CMI Brief | 2018

Humanitarian borders: The merging of rescue with security and control

In the past few years, mass-media and political actors, especially emergent populist and right-wing political movements, effectively enhanced sentiments of panic and fear nourished by the idea that there is...
Antonio De Lauri (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2018:11) 4 p.
CMI Report | 2018

Has recent political unrest affected garment exports from Bangladesh?

According to the World Bank, political unrest in Bangladesh in the first part of 2015 resulted in a loss of 1% of GDP.[1] A previous study by UNDP (2005) estimated...
Arne Wiig (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2018:02) 21 p.
CMI Report | 2018

Norwegian aid to food security, nutrition and agriculture

The report reviews available research on the links between agriculture and the rest of the economy, with a focus on structural adjustment and the role of agriculture in economic growth...
Magnus Hatlebakk (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2018:01) 57 p.
CMI Brief | 2017

Counter-mobilization against child marriage reform in Africa

Legislating a minimum age of marriage at 18 has stirred counter-mobilization in some, but not all, countries where religious or traditional institutions enjoy constitutional authority. Why does counter-mobilization arise in...
Ragnhild Louise Muriaas, Liv Tønnessen, Vibeke Wang (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 8) 4 p.