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Journal Article | 2020

The Customer is King: Evidence on VAT Compliance in Tanzania

Value Added Tax (VAT) has emerged as one of the main modes of raising tax revenue worldwide, but has significantly underperformed as a revenue source in African countries. To improve...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Cecilia Kagoma, Ephraim Mdee, Ingrid Hoem Sjursen, Vincent Somville (2020)
in World Development vol. 128
Book Chapter | 2020

'Here Men Are Becoming Women and Women Men'. Gender, Class and Space in Maputo, Mozambique

Outlining historical and contemporary processes of political and economic change in Mozambique’s capital city Maputo, and juxtaposing these with an ethnography of social positons and human agency, this chapter shows...
Inge Tvedten, Arlindo Uate and Lizete Mangueleze (2020)
in Joël Noret: Social Im/mobilities in Africa. Ehnographic Approaches. London: Berghahn Books
Journal Article | 2019

The Limits of Law: Abortion in the Middle East and Northern Africa

Irene Maffi and Liv Tønnessen (2019)
in Health and Human Rights Journal vol. 21 no. 2 pp. 1-6
Journal Article | 2019

The New Lost Boys of Sudan

Currently, around seven million people are affected by migration and displacement to, from, and through Sudan. Nearly one million people are seeking refuge inside Sudan’s borders from neighboring and regional...
Sarah Tobin (2019)
in POMEPS Studies : Youth Politics in the Middle East and North Africa. vol. 36
Edited Book | 2019

Governing Petroleum Resources: Prospects and Challenges for Tanzania

Over the last decade, large deposits of natural gas have been discovered off the southern coast of Tanzania. This book analyzes the long-term process of how a country develops the...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Donald Mmari and Kendra Dupuy (Eds.) (2019)
Bergen: CMI and REPOA 186 p.
Journal Article | 2019

Acceptability of an economic support component to reduce early pregnancy and school dropout in Zambia: a qualitative case study

Background: Cash Transfer (CT) schemes have become popular poverty reducing measures in many low and middle-income countries. Research indicates that when provided to girls in resource poor settings, cash transfers...
Emmanuel Banda, Joar Svanemyr, Ingvild Fossgard Sandøy, Isabel Goicolea & Joseph Mumba Zulu (2019)
in Global Health Action vol. 12 no. 1
Book Chapter | 2019

Stuck in Transition: Political Corruption as Power Abuse

The final chapter summarises some of the findings of the previous country analyses, against the background of the conceptual pair of extractive and power-preserving political corruption. It is argued that...
Inge Amundsen (2019)
in Inge Amundsen (ed.): Political Corruption in Africa. Extraction and Power Preservation. Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishers Ltd.
Book Chapter | 2019

Congenitally Conjoined and Inseparable: Politics and Corruption in Nigeria

This chapter analyses political corruption in Nigeria through the trajectory of a number of scandals and their background. It underscores the resilience of political corruption in the country, where the...
Emmanuel Oladipo Ojo, Vaclav Prusa, Inge Amundsen (2019)
in Inge Amundsen (ed.): Political Corruption in Africa. Extraction and Power Preservation. Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishers Ltd.
Book Chapter | 2019

Extractive and Power-Preserving Political Corruption

This introductory chapter outlines the distinctions between, on the one hand, political and bureaucratic corruption, and, on the other hand, between extractive and power-preserving corruption. It is argued that the...
Inge Amundsen (2019)
in Inge Amundsen (ed.): Political Corruption in Africa. Extraction and Power Preservation. Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishers Ltd.
Edited Book | 2019

Political Corruption in Africa. Extraction and Power Preservation

Analysing political corruption as a distinct but separate entity from bureaucratic corruption, this timely book separates these two very different social phenomena in a way that is often overlooked in...
Inge Amundsen (ed.) (2019)
Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishers Ltd. c 200 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2019

Managing the born-free generation: Zimbabwe’s strategies for dealing with the youth

A rich literature on Africa’s autocratic and repressive regimes has discussed the diverse strategies through which these regimes seek to consolidate and stay in power. Prominent strategies include election rigging,...
Marjoke Oosterom and Simbarashe Gukurume (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2019:02)
U4 Issue | 2019

Social accountability and water integrity: Learning from experiences with participatory and transparent budgeting in Ethiopia and Nepal

Experiences with social accountability measures in water management schemes in Nepal and Ethiopia offer useful lessons for practitioners. Participation and transparency in budgeting measures open up new spaces for deliberation,...
Birke Otto, Floriane Clement, Binayak Das, Hari Dhungana, Lotte Feuerstein, Girma Senbeta, Jasmina Van Driel (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2019:11)
Journal Article | 2019

A little skin in the game: reducing moral hazard in joint liability lending through a mandatory collateral requirement

While joint liability group lending has been shown to resolve information problems in rural credit markets, the mutual insurance against default provided by such contracts is subject to moral hazard,...
Jon Einar Flåtnes, Michael R. Carter (2019)
in Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization vol. 164 pp. 199-214
Report in External Series | 2019

The “CIA’s Army”: A Threat to Human Rights and an Obstacle to Peace in Afghanistan

Afghan paramilitary forces working with the United States Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) have long been a staple in the US war on terrorism in Afghanistan and the border region with...
Astri Suhrke and Antonio De Lauri (2019)
Providence: The Watson Institute for International and Public Affairs, Brown University (Costs of War) 14 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2019

Crop market participation among smallholder farmers in Tanzania

This paper assesses determinants of crop market participation among smallholder farmers in Tanzania, with a focus on transaction cost, asset endowment and cooperatives. The study is based on household survey...
Sosina Bezu and Espen Villanger (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2010:1)
Journal Article | 2019

Adolescent pregnancy and social norms in Zambia

Early pregnancy occurs frequently in Zambia and is considered a public health issue. The aim of this study was to improve understanding of how gendered sexual norms make young unmarried...
Joar Svanemyr (2019)
in Culture, Health & Sexuality
Journal Article | 2019

Candidate selection and informal soft quotas for women: gender imbalance in political recruitment in Zambia

Vibeke Wang and Ragnhild L. Muriaas (2019)
in Politics, Groups, & Identities (Published online 03 Jan 2019)
Journal Article | 2019

Active private sector development policies revisited: Impacts of the Ethiopian industrial cluster policy

We analyze impacts of a cluster policy aiming to increase firm growth through maximizing agglomeration benefits and improving production facilities. Firms located in a natural cluster were incentivized to move...
Tigabu Getahun and Espen Villanger (2019)
in Journal of Development Studies vol. 55 no. 7 pp. 1548-1564
Journal Article | 2019

Factors influencing the use of reproductive health care services among married adolescent girls in Dang District, Nepal: a qualitative study

Background: Child marriage is associated with adverse reproductive health outcomes, and the practice is still alarmingly common. Together with efforts to end child marriage, it is essential to provide adequate...
Binita Maharjan, Poonam Rishal and Joar Svanemyr (2019)
in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth vol. 19 no. 152 pp. 1-9
Newspaper Op-Ed | 2019

Europas nye grensevakter

Er vi med på å støtte en utvikling som sender enda flere flyktninger til Europa? Gunnar Sørbø, in Bergens Tidende, 05.05.19 Over en million migranter krysset Middelhavet under flyktningkrisen i 2015. 850,000 av...
Gunnar M. Sørbø (2019)
Bergens Tidende 05.05.19