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Sudan Working Paper | Jul 2020

Food Security and Agricultural Development in Sudan: The case of Kassala State

This research discusses the relationship between agricultural development and food security, determinants of supply of (production of food) and demand for (consumption of food) food and determinants of food insecurity...
Prof. Dr. Samia Mohamed Nour, Dr. Eltayeb Mohamedain (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2020:1)
Master's Thesis | Jun 2020

The effect of a supply shock in the production of cocaine on violence: Evidence from Colombia and Venezuela

Using data on coca cultivation and homicides, this paper analyzes an otherwise little researched topic, linking cocaine production and violence in Colombia. I use an exogenous supply shock in gasoline,...
Monica Beeder (2020)
Journal Article | Jun 2020

Does an economics education produce technocratic paternalists? Experimental evidence from Tanzania

When confronted with information that ordinary citizens do not care that strongly about efficiency, do economists change their views of optimal public policy? In a randomized experiment on tax preferences...
Ivar Kolstad, Arne Wiig and Odd-Helge Fjeldstad (2020)
in Journal of Development Studies vol. 56
U4 Issue | 2019

Education sector corruption: How to assess it and ways to address it

Education sector corruption erodes social trust, worsens inequality, and sabotages development. Types of corruption in elementary-secondary education range from academic cheating to bribery and nepotism in teaching appointments to bid-rigging...
Monica Kirya (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2019:5)
U4 Guide | 2019

Guide to using corruption measurements and analysis tools for development programming

Development practitioners routinely encounter corruption as a key obstacle to achieving their programming objectives. They confront questions such as: How serious is corruption in the country and sector in which...
Elizabeth Hart (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Guide 2019:1)
Report in External Series | 2019

Corruption and Wildlife Crime: A Focus on Caviar Trade

Produced by TRAFFIC, WWF, U4 Anti-Corruption Resource Centre (U4 ACRC), Northumbria and Utrecht Universities, "Corruption and wildlife crime: A focus on caviar trade" examines how corruption facilitates the flow of...
Louisa Musing, Lindsey Harris, Aled Williams, Rob Parry-Jones, Daan van Uhm, Tanya Wyatt (2019)
Cambridge: TRAFFIC
CMI Report | 2018

Can Smallholders benefit from the new market opportunities from the extractive industry in Tanzania?

The recent discovery of huge oil and gas reserves in Tanzania has created a new opportunity for economic growth and development of the country. Tanzania is expected to be one...
Sosina Bezu, Espen Villanger, Abel Alfred Kinyondo (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2018:8) 38 p.
Journal Article | 2018

Do donors reduce bilateral aid to countries with restrictive NGO laws?: A panel study, 1993-2012

Foreign aid contributes to about 10% of gross domestic product of developing countries. To distribute aid in recipient countries, Western donors increasingly rely on non-governmental organizations (NGOs). Yet, since the...
Kendra Dupuy & Aseem Prakash (2018)
in Non-Profit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly vol. 47 no. 1 pp. 89-106
U4 Brief | 2017

Proxy indicators for the corrupt misuse of corporations

Winners of the U4 Proxy Challenge 2016 We need more imaginative ways of addressing corruption. It is important to generate indicators that development agencies can use. U4 and DFID developed a...
Mihály Fazekas, Bence Tóth (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2017:6)
U4 Issue | 2017

Shadow Value Chains: Tracing the link between corruption, illicit activity and lootable natural resources from West Africa

Illicit natural resource trade continues to benefit corrupt officials, criminal and terrorist networks and to divert resources away from development, security and the common good in West Africa. How are...
Åse Gilje Østensen, Mats Stridsman (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2017:7) 80 p.
U4 Issue | 2017

Trading in corruption: Evidence and mitigation measures for corruption in the trading of oil and minerals

Between 2011 and 2013, sales of government oil from the ten biggest producers in sub-Saharan Africa accounted for 56% of these countries’ total public revenues. Despite their importance, however, such...
Olivier Longchamp, Nathalie Perrot (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2017:6) 52 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2017

Policy Making in the Tanzanian Petro State: Building a Statistical Basis

This paper deals with needs and availability of data, statistics and information in Tanzania. It relates to a five-year (2014–19) research programme on prospects and challenges for the petroleum sector.  The...
Jan Isaksen, Blandina Kilama, Fred Matola (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2017:5) 53 p.
U4 Issue | 2017

Preventing corruption in community mineral beneficiation schemes

Abstract This paper analyses patterns of corruption and corruption risks related to community mineral beneficiation schemes (CMBSs) that distribute benefits funded by mineral revenues to communities. It analyses insights from existing...
Michael Nest (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2017:3) 40 p
Journal Article | 2017

Constellations of Power and Authority in the Political Economy of Illegal Timber Extraction in BTAD, Assam

This article seeks to comprehend the way the illegal timber economy in the Bodoland Territorial Autonomous Council (BTAD) in Assam is integrated within a constellation of power and authority. Based...
Anwesha Dutta and Bert Suykens (2017)
in Alternatives: Global, Local, Political vol. 42 no. 3 pp. 146-165
U4 Issue | 2016

The resource bites back: Entry-points for addressing corruption in wildlife crime

Corruption has recently risen up the global wildlife conservation agenda with a series of international agreements highlighting the role of corruption in facilitating wildlife crime. Though there are notable exceptions,...
David Aled Williams, Rob Parry-Jones, Dilys Roe (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2016:2) 25p
CMI Brief | 2016

Lack of consultation. Stakeholders perspectives on local content requirements in the petroleum sector in Tanzania

Tanzania has recently discovered huge offshore natural gas fields. This has led the Government to develop Local Content Policies (LCPs) to increase local job and business opportunities. This brief presents...
Espen Villanger (CMI), Abel Kinyondo (Repoa), Ingvild Hestad (CMI) (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 15) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2016

Petro-Governance in Tanzania: Opportunities and Challenges

Recent significant natural gas discoveries have pushed Tanzania into the international spotlight as a new petroleum producer. How can the country ensure that its newfound wealth is translated into economic...
Bryan Lee, Kendra Dupuy (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 14) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2016

The Gatekeepers: Political Participation of Women in Malawi

All over the world, there are gatekeepers with the power to facilitate – or restrict – peoples’ access. We have studied the role of the chairpersons and secretaries of the...
Happy Mickson Kayuni, Kondwani Farai Chikadza (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 12) 4 p.
Sudan Working Paper | 2016

From a Temporary Emergency Shelter to an Urbanized Neighborhood: The Abu Shoak IDP Camp in North Dārfūr

Introduction In early 2003, two rebel movements (the Sudanese Liberation Army and the Justice and Equality Movement) launched an insurgency against the rule in Khartoum. Supported by Janjaweed tribal militias, the...
Dr. Osman Mohamed Osman Ali and Ust. Ali Mohamed Mahmoud (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2016:3) 14 p.
U4 Issue | 2016

Doing accountability differently. A proposal for the vertical integration of civil society monitoring and advocacy

Civil society accountability initiatives that take into account power structures at multiple levels can produce more lasting institutional change, compared to locally-bounded initiatives that address the symptoms rather than the...
Jonathan Fox, Joy Aceron, Aránzazu Guillán (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2016:4) 67 p