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Journal Article | forthcoming 2021

Legal Mobilization to Protect Women against Rape in Islamist Sudan

A popular uprising recently ousted Omar al-Bashir and his Islamist cronies from power after having ruled Sudan with an iron fist since 1989. Sexual abuse and torture orchestrated by the...
Liv Tønnessen and Samia al-Nagar (2021)
in Cahiers d'études africaines
Report in External Series | Sep 2020

Interim Governance Arrangements in Post-Conflict and Fragile Settings

This report provides an understanding of how temporary governance during major political transitions is structured and how it works in practice. Interim governance arrangements are the exercise of public power...
Robert Forster (2020)
Stockholm: International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (Edinburgh Dialogues on Post-Conflict Constitution Building) 45 p.
Journal Article | Jul 2020

Fighting Wildlife Trafficking: An Overview of the EU’s Implementation of Its Action Plan Against Wildlife Trafficking

Illegal wildlife trade is one of the most profitable criminal activities. Illegal wildlife usually comes from African and Asian countries, with destination countries including China, Malaysia, Vietnam, and Singapore. However,...
Sophie Lemaître; Nathalie Hervé-Fournereau (2020)
in Journal of International Wildlife Law & Policy vol. 23 no. 1 pp. 62-81
Sudan Brief | Jul 2020

Patriarchy, Politics and Women’s Activism in Post-Revolution Sudan

While Sudanese women were at the forefront of the popular uprising under the banner "freedom, peace and justice" that started in December 2018 and eventually led to the ousting of...
Liv Tønnessen, Samia al-Nagar (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Brief 2010:02) 4 p.
U4 Brief | Jul 2020

Emergency release of people from prison because of Covid-19. A brief analysis through an anti-corruption lens

Many countries are implementing emergency releases of people from prison to mitigate the spread of Covid-19. Such measures, while critical to public health, can enable the unjust release from prison...
Victoria Jennett (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2020:11)
Journal Article | Jun 2020

Armed governance: the case of the CIA-supported Afghan militias

This article examines the genealogy and behavior of the CIA militias in Afghanistan against the backdrop of persistent armed governance whereby a plurality of actors competes over control and rule....
Antonio De Lauri, Astri Suhrke (2020)
in Small Wars and Insurgency
U4 Issue | May 2020

Identifying feasible, high-impact anti-corruption interventions. The case of Albania

In developing and transition countries, blanket anti-corruption efforts often fail due to economic constraints and political resistance. In such contexts, development practitioners should target specific anti-corruption interventions that promise highest...
Luca J. Uberti (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2020:9)
Sudan Brief | Mar 2020

Irregular Migration or Human Trafficking? The Realities of Cross-border Population Mobility in Western Sudan

A new public discourse labels irregular migration as human trafficking. The new discourse has been shaped by emerging globalized migration patterns and the increased securitization of Europe’s borders.  This brief...
Abdelmageed M. Yahya (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Brief 2020:1) 4 p.
Book Chapter | Mar 2020

Constituting Transitions: Predicting Unpredictability

This chapter examines how transitional governance arrangements are constituted in peace and transitions processes. We map and analyse the relationship between the legal ‘constitutionalisation’ of the transition, and the political...
Christine Bell, Robert Forster (2020)
in Emmanuel H. D. De Groof, Micha Wiebusch: International Law and Transitional Governance Critical Perspectives. London: Routledge
Journal Article | Mar 2020

'He should learn that he cannot get a woman for free’: Male elopers and constructions of masculinity in the Afghan justice system

This article explores constructions of gender, masculinity, and class in moral crimes prosecutions, and their legal aftermaths in Afghanistan. It argues that the lack of attention to men in advocacy...
Torunn Wimpelmann, Aziz Hakimi, Masooma Sa'adat (2020)
in Men and Masculinities, March 2020
Journal Article | Feb 2020

Independence or Front Lines: Securing Southern Representation in Yemen's Peace Talks

The article addresses the consolidation and rise of the Southern Transitional Council in South Yemen and their push for access to a seat at the table of Yemen’s peace talks....
Robert Forster (2020)
Forster, Robert. 'Independence or Frontlines: Securing Southern Representation in Yemen's Peace Talks', Babylon: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Midtøstenstudier, Vol. 17, No. 2 (2019), pp. 8-21
U4 Issue | Feb 2020

Using legal empowerment to curb corruption and advance accountability

Legal empowerment refers to the use of laws and rights to increase relatively powerless populations’ control over their lives. A growing field, it overlaps with social accountability but emphasises laws...
Stephen Golub (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2020:4)
U4 Brief | Feb 2020

Ukraine’s High Anti-Corruption Court. Innovation for impartial justice

In 2018, Ukraine established a High Anti-Corruption Court (HACC). Ukrainian civil society groups, with the crucial support of the international community, pushed for this specialised court as a way to...
Ivanna Y. Kuz, Matthew C. Stephenson (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2020:3)
U4 Brief | 2019

An International Anti-Corruption Court? A synopsis of the debate

Impunity and the transnational nature of corruption have led to calls for an international anti-corruption court that could hold kleptocrats accountable and spur governments to improve national justice systems. But...
Matthew C. Stephenson, Sofie Arjon Schütte (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2019:5)
Book Chapter | 2019

Stuck in Transition: Political Corruption as Power Abuse

The final chapter summarises some of the findings of the previous country analyses, against the background of the conceptual pair of extractive and power-preserving political corruption. It is argued that...
Inge Amundsen (2019)
in Inge Amundsen (ed.): Political Corruption in Africa. Extraction and Power Preservation. Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishers Ltd.
Book Chapter | 2019

Congenitally Conjoined and Inseparable: Politics and Corruption in Nigeria

This chapter analyses political corruption in Nigeria through the trajectory of a number of scandals and their background. It underscores the resilience of political corruption in the country, where the...
Emmanuel Oladipo Ojo, Vaclav Prusa, Inge Amundsen (2019)
in Inge Amundsen (ed.): Political Corruption in Africa. Extraction and Power Preservation. Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishers Ltd.
Edited Book | 2019

Political Corruption in Africa. Extraction and Power Preservation

Analysing political corruption as a distinct but separate entity from bureaucratic corruption, this timely book separates these two very different social phenomena in a way that is often overlooked in...
Inge Amundsen (ed.) (2019)
Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishers Ltd. c 200 p.
Report in External Series | 2019

Women and the Renegotiation of Transitional Governance Arrangements

The PA-X Spotlight Series addresses questions regarding comparative peace processes, asked by those seeking to influence peace and transition processes to be more inclusive. Each Spotlight provides brief comparative material...
Christine Bell, Robert Forster (2019)
Forster, R. & Bell, C. (2019). Gender Mainstreaming in Ceasefires: Comparative Data and Examples (PA-X Report, Spotlight Series). Edinburgh: Global Justice Academy, University of Edinburgh
Report in External Series | 2019

Gender Mainstreaming in Ceasefires: Comparative Data and Examples

This Spotlight addresses the questions: How did peace agreements and transition documents signed in Libya between 2011 and 2018 provide for the inclusion of women and gender? When and how...
Robert Forster, Christine Bell (2019)
Forster, R. & Bell, C. (2019). Gender Mainstreaming in Ceasefires: Comparative Data and Examples (PA-X Report, Spotlight Series). Edinburgh: Global Justice Academy, University of Edinburgh
Report in External Series | 2019

A Gender Analysis of Peace Agreements and Transitional Documents in Libya, 2011-2018

This Spotlight addresses the questions: How did peace agreements and transition documents signed in Libya between 2011 and 2018 provide for the inclusion of women and gender? When and how...
Robert Forster (2019)
Forster, R. (2019). A Gender Analysis of Peace Agreements and Transitional Documents in Libya, 2011-2018 (PA-X Report, Spotlight Series). Edinburgh: Global Justice Academy, University of Edinburgh