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U4 Issue | Mar 2020

Urbanisation, informality, and corruption. Designing policies for integrity in the city

The world is rapidly urbanising, and urban informality is a central feature of our times. Conventional thinking views informality as corrosive to clean government, but new scholarship illuminates the complex...
Dieter Zinnbauer (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2020:6)
CMI Brief | Feb 2020

Everyday humanitarian diplomacy: Experiences from border areas

The term humanitarian diplomacy (HD) emerged in early 2000s. HD recognises the role of humanitarian actors when negotiating access, assistance and protection for civilians in situations of extreme insecurity and...
Cristina Churruca Muguruza (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2020:2) 4 p.
CMI Working Paper | Feb 2020

A place-based framework for assessing resettlement capacity in the context of climate change induced displacement

Place-based resettlement capacity assessments to identify potential resettlement places for climate migrants are needed to guide climate change related resettlement programs. The authors propose and validate a conceptual climate change...
Solomon Zena Walelign, Päivi Lujala (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2020:3) 46 p.
CMI Working Paper | Feb 2020

How do host–migrant proximities shape attitudes toward internal climate migrants?

Countries in Latin America, Asia, and Africa exposed to the environmental consequences of climate change are predicted to see voluntary and forced internal migration on an unprecedented scale in the...
Päivi Lujala, Sosina Bezu, Ivar Kolstad, Minhaj Mahmud, Arne Wiig (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2020:2)
Book Chapter | Jan 2020

'Here Men Are Becoming Women and Women Men'. Gender, Class and Space in Maputo, Mozambique

Outlining historical and contemporary processes of political and economic change in Mozambique’s capital city Maputo, and juxtaposing these with an ethnography of social positons and human agency, this chapter shows...
Inge Tvedten, Arlindo Uate and Lizete Mangueleze (2020)
in Joël Noret: Social Im/mobilities in Africa. Ehnographic Approaches. London: Berghahn Books
Journal Article | 2019

The New Lost Boys of Sudan

Currently, around seven million people are affected by migration and displacement to, from, and through Sudan. Nearly one million people are seeking refuge inside Sudan’s borders from neighboring and regional...
Sarah Tobin (2019)
in POMEPS Studies : Youth Politics in the Middle East and North Africa. vol. 36
U4 Brief | 2019

Towards cities of integrity: The role of urban planners

Getting urbanisation right is a prerequisite for human development and environmental sustainability. Yet, corruption risks in urbanisation abound and threaten to stymie ambitions for a prosperous, inclusive, resilient urban future....
Dieter Zinnbauer (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2019:4)
Book Chapter | 2019

Ceasefires

A review of the practice and content of ceasefire agreements and provisions in peace agreements. The article include a discussion on the definition of ‘ceasefire’ and related terms, such as...
Robert Forster (2019)
in Romaniuk, S., Thapa M., and P. Marton: The Palgrave Encyclopedia of Global Security Studies. Cham: Palgrave MacMillan
CMI Working Paper | 2019

Managing the born-free generation: Zimbabwe’s strategies for dealing with the youth

A rich literature on Africa’s autocratic and repressive regimes has discussed the diverse strategies through which these regimes seek to consolidate and stay in power. Prominent strategies include election rigging,...
Marjoke Oosterom and Simbarashe Gukurume (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2019:02)
Journal Article | 2019

Emergency Urbanism in Sabra, Beirut.

Since the mid-1980s, generations of displaced people have sought refuge in the ramshackle buildings that were once the Gaza-Ramallah Hospital, a multi-story hospital complex built by the Palestinian Liberation Organization...
Are John Knudsen (2019)
in Public Anthropologist vol. 1 no. 2 pp. 171-193
Report in External Series | 2019

Sunnism, Salafism, Sheikism: Urban Pathways of Resistance in Sidon, Lebanon

This brief analyses Salafism as an urban phenomenon, with an emphasis on the contentious period following the Syrian uprising turned civil war (2011–present). To understand Salafism’s popular appeal, it is...
Are John Knudsen (2019)
Norsk Utenrikspolitisk Institutt 18 p.
Journal Article | 2019

The historical roots of cooperative behavior—Evidence from eastern Congo

Cooperative norms and behavior are considered to be essential requirements for sustainable stabilization and development in conflict-affected states. It is therefore particularly important to understand what factors explain their salience...
Alexander De Juan, Carlo Koos (2019)
in World Development vol. 116 pp. 100-112
Book | 2019

The Internal Protection Alternative in Refugee Law: Treaty basis and scope of application under the 1951 Convention on the Status of Refugees and its 1967 Protocol

Under what circumstances can a state refuse refugee status to a person whose risk of persecution exists in only part of her country of origin? This book is the first...
Jessica Schultz (2019)
Brill Nijhoff (International Refugee Law Series no. 14)
Journal Article | 2018

'Goats eat where they are tied up': illicit and habitual corruption in Mozambique

The article shows that corruption is structural and omnipresent in Mozambican society, effectively legitimising corrupt practices at all levels. Using an anthropological approach, it argues that small-scale corruption has the...
Inge Tvedten and Rachi Picardo (2018)
in Review of African Political Economy vol. 45 no. 158
Journal Article | 2018

Decade of Despair: The Contested Rebuilding of the Nahr al-Bared Refugee Camp, Lebanon, 2007–2017

In mid-2007 the Nahr al-Bared refugee camp near Tripoli was destroyed by the Lebanese Army battling an insurgent Islamist group, Fatah al-Islam. Displacing about 30,000 Palestinian refugees, it was one...
Are John Knudsen (2018)
in Refuge - Canada's Journal on Refugees vol. 34 no. 2 pp. 135-149
Journal Article | 2018

Maputo: Ethnography of a Divided City

Rapid urbanisation is one of the most dramatic developments on the African continent, often yielding contrasting and shocking images of affluent businesses and residential districts alongside sprawling shantytowns or slums....
Inge Tvedten, Fábio Ribeiro, João Graca, Bjørn Bertelsen (2018)
in Journal of Anthropological Films vol. 2 no. 2
CMI Brief | 2018

Comparing urban and rural poverty in Angola

This brief compares living conditions in villages in rural Malanje and shantytowns in urban Luanda and argues that while material poverty is most pronounced in Malanje, disempowerment, vulnerability and the...
Inge Tvedten, Gilson Lázaro and Eyolf Jul-Larsen (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2018:05) 4 p.
Sudan Brief | 2018

Child marriage and education in Eastern Sudan

A new understanding that educating girls' does not constrain their marriage potential is emerging in eastern Sudan. Girls who continue their education and their families are role models who challenge...
Liv Tønnessen and Samia al-Nagar (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Brief no. 2018:01) 4 p.
Journal Article | 2018

"Flooding our eyes with rubbish": urban waste management in Maputo, Mozambique

Critical voices on urban management tend to portray conflicting governmentalities, with western 'top-down' municipal development models on the one hand, and the everyday practices and diffuse forms of power of...
Inge Tvedten and Sara Candiracci (2018)
in Environment and Urbanization pp. 1-16
Journal Article | 2018

"It's all about money": Urban-rural spaces and relations in Maputo, Mozambique

Within the anthropological urban scholarship on sub-Saharan Africa, there is a shared notion of the continued, and in some cases reemerging, importance of rural spaces, values and relations in cities...
Inge Tvedten (2018)
in Canadian Journal of African Studies