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Impact Series | Apr 2019

Changing the public narrative: The case of forced sterilizations in Peru

In a drive for lower birth rates during the mid-90’s, Peruvian authorities launched a campaign to persuade women to get sterilized. More than 200 000 women underwent the surgical procedure...
Åse Johanne Roti Dahl (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Impact Series IS 2019:01)
U4 Brief | 2018

The Mozambique hidden loans case: An opportunity for donors to demonstrate anti-corruption commitment

When the Mozambican government issued guarantees for over 1 billion US$ - ignoring their own oversight mechanisms and lending rules - they ended up in public debt distress. Donors have...
David Aled Williams (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2018:6)
CMI Working Paper | 2018

Building a better world by establishing a Truth Commission: Incomplete healing in El Salvador

On 17 October 1992, as a consultant to the Commission on the Truth for El Salvador, I visited the village of Corinto to collect stories of ‘grave cases of violence’....
Stener Ekern (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2018:7) 19 p.
Journal Article | 2018

Decay or Resilience? The Long-Term Social Consequences of Conflict-Related Sexual Violence in Sierra Leone

This article examines the long-term impact of conflict-related sexual violence (CRSV) on prosocial behavior in Sierra Leone. Two theoretical arguments are developed and tested. The first draws on the feminist...
Carlo Koos (2018)
in World Politics vol. 70 no. 2 pp. 194-238
CMI Working Paper | 2017

Adultery, rape, and escaping the house: The protection and policing of female sexuality in Afghanistan

This working paper undertakes an initial survey of the dynamics through which the criminalization of female sexuality structures women’s access to protection against rape in Afghanistan, examining both legislation and...
Torunn Wimpelmann (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2017:9) 16 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2017

The Criminalisation of Rape in Pakistan

In Pakistan, the legal recognition of rape as a crime has changed in pace with the dominant narrative on women’s sexuality. The country’s most troublesome categorisation of rape was, unfortunately,...
Shehar Bano Khan and Shirin Gul (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2017:08) 24 p.
Sudan Working Paper | 2017

Compensatory Livestock Thievery: A New Trend in Economic Crime In Dilling/South Kordofan State (2014–2016)

“Compensatory livestock thievery” within the greater Dilling locality in South Kordofan State (SKS) is an economic crime that was born out of a war environment. In this form of crime,...
Dr. Ahmed Elhassab, Mohammed Elhassab (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2017:3) 28 p.
Journal Article | 2017

Enemies of the state: Curbing women activists advocating rape reform in Sudan

Sudanese women activists launched a legal campaign in 2009 calling attention to how the country’s Sharia based Criminal Act of 1991 produced impunity for sexual assault in the Darfur conflict....
Liv Tønnessen (2017)
in Journal of International Women's studies vol. 18 no. 2
Journal Article | 2016

Death of a Statesman – Birth of a Martyr: Martyrdom and Memorials in Post–Civil War Lebanon

This (open access) article furthers the study of post-civil war memorialisation in Lebanon by analysing the trajectory of the late Prime Minister Rafik Hariri from statesman to martyr. This transformative...
Are John Knudsen (2016)
in Anthropology of the Middle East vol. 11 no. 2 pp. 1-17
CMI Brief | 2016

Violence against women in the context of urban poverty in Angola

Violence against women is widespread in Angola. This brief presents the main findings in a recent study of how violence against women is playing out in the context of urban...
Iselin Åsedotter Strønen, Margareth Nangacovie (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 16) 4 p.
CMI Report | 2016

Women and Girls Caught between Rape and Adultery in Sudan: Criminal Law Reform, 2005–2015 (in Arabic)

This is an Arabic translation of the CMI report Women and Girls Caught between Rape and Adultery in Sudan: Criminal Law Reform, 2005–2015, published in November 2015.  The English version can be found...
Liv Tønnessen and Samia al-Nagar (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2015:10)
CMI Insight | 2016

See you in court! Holding the military to account in Latin America

The courtroom has become an increasingly common meeting place for retired military officials, and victims and their families who have suffered various forms of abuse at the hands of the...
Elin Skaar (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Insight no. 2)
CMI Report | 2015

Women and Girls Caught between Rape and Adultery in Sudan: Criminal Law Reform, 2005–2015

This report investigates criminal law reform in Sudan, focusing on two important and controversial legal reforms related to (a) a definition of rape that is clearly de-linked from the Islamic...
Liv Tønnessen and Samia al-Nagar (2015)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2015:10)
Book Chapter | 2015

Transitional justice alternatives: claims and counterclaims

How do transitional justice mechanisms contribute to peace and democracy after authoritarian rule or violent conflict has ended? This chapter examines current theoretical and empirical knowledge on impact assessment in...
Elin Skaar and Camila Gianella Malca (2015)
in Elin Skaar, Camila Gianella and Trine Eide: After Violence: Transitional Justice, Peace, and Democracy. London and New York: Routledge pp. 1-28
CMI Insight | 2015

Women’s Right to Abortion after Rape in Sudan

In 1991, Sudan’s Islamist regime expanded the circumstances under which abortions are permitted within 90 days of conception, to include rape. This reform has received great attention, especially given the...
Liv Tønnessen (2015)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Insight no. 2) 7 p.
Journal Article | 2013

Access to Justice and Human Rights in Afghanistan

In anthropological and legal literature, the phenomenon termed ‘legal pluralism’ has been interpreted as a co-presence of legal orders which act in relation to their own ‘levels’ of referring ‘fields’....
Antonio De Lauri (2013)
in Journal of Crime, Law and Social Change vol. 60
Book Chapter | 2012

From "Enemies of the Revolution" to Unfulfilled Ideal: Private Industrial Entrepreneurs in the Islamic Republic of Iran

Private sector industrial entrepreneurs are usually perceived as “victims” of the Iranian revolution. This reading has been shaped by events like the Revolutionary council’s dispossession of the Pahlavi industrial elite...
Kjetil Selvik (2012)
in Negin Nabavi: Iran: From Theocracy to the Green Movement. Palgrave Macmillan
Report in External Series | 2012

From impunity to prosecution? Sexual violence in Sudan beyond Darfur

Serious shortcomings in Sudanese laws and practices contribute to the lack of protection of victims of rape in Sudan. There is need for comprehensive legal reform, particularly of Sudan’s Criminal...
Liv Tønnessen (2012)
(NOREF Report, February 2012)
Report in External Series | 2011

Supporting child rights. Synthesis of lessons learned in four countries

This evaluation was commissioned jointly by the Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (Norad) and the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida) with the dual purpose of: (a) summarising results achieved...
Arne Tostensen, Hugo Stokke, Sven Trygged and Kate Halvorsen (2011)
Stockholm: Sida (Joint Evaluation no. 2011:1) 258 p.
Report in External Series | 2011

Supporting child rights: Synthesis of lessons learned in four countries

This evaluation was commissioned jointly by the Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (Norad) and the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida) with the dual purpose of: (a) summarising results achieved...
Arne Tostensen, Hugo Stokke, Sven Trygged and Kate Halvorsen (2011)
(Available from Sida)