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U4 Issue | Mar 2020

Urbanisation, informality, and corruption. Designing policies for integrity in the city

The world is rapidly urbanising, and urban informality is a central feature of our times. Conventional thinking views informality as corrosive to clean government, but new scholarship illuminates the complex...
Dieter Zinnbauer (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2020:6)
U4 Practitioner Experience Note | Mar 2020

Twenty years with anti-corruption. Part 1: Old issue, new concern – anti-corruption takes off

The two questions I’ve most often been asked are ‘why did development agencies like DFID only start to worry about corruption in the late 1990s, when the problem has been...
Phil Mason OBE (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Practitioner Experience Note 2020:1)
CMI Working Paper | Feb 2020

The UAE’s Humanitarian Diplomacy: Claiming State Sovereignty, Regional Leverage and International Recognition

The United Arab Emirates (UAE) became the world’s third-largest donor of humanitarian aid relative to Gross National Income in 2016. The country was among the top five humanitarian assistance state-donors...
Deniz Gökalp (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2020:1) 11 p.
Journal Article | Jan 2020

The Customer is King: Evidence on VAT Compliance in Tanzania

Value Added Tax (VAT) has emerged as one of the main modes of raising tax revenue worldwide, but has significantly underperformed as a revenue source in African countries. To improve...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Cecilia Kagoma, Ephraim Mdee, Ingrid Hoem Sjursen, Vincent Somville (2020)
in World Development vol. 128
CMI Brief | 2019

Turkey’s Humanitarian Diplomacy: The AKP Model

Turkey has become a major global humanitarian actor. They have been widely engaged in Somalia and Syria, Pakistan and Myanmar and hosts the world’s largest number of refugees with more...
Meliha Benli Altunısık (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2019:08) 5 p.
Journal Article | 2019

Vulnerable populations and the right to health: lessons from the Peruvian Amazon around tuberculosis control

In 2014 the World Health Organization (WHO) launched the “End TB Strategy”, setting new ambitious goals for elimination of tuberculosis (TB). In contrast with previous efforts to control TB, the...
Camila Gianella (2019)
in International Journal for Equity in Health vol. 18 no. 1 pp. 1-13
Journal Article | 2019

Legal Regimes, Women’s Work, and Women’s Empowerment

The second-wave feminist movement called attention to the endurance of discriminatory laws that deny women equal rights and opportunities. Since the 1970s, most countries around the world responded to feminist...
Mala Htun; Francesca R Jensenius; Liv Tønnessen (2019)
in Social Politics: International Studies in Gender, State & Society vol. 26 no. 2 pp. 189-192
CMI Report | 2019

Turkey`s international relations

Introduction This CMI report takes a snapshot of a few of Turkey’s most important international relations and vital issues that frame these relationships. Obviously, this report cannot cover everything, as Turkey...
Siri Neset, Chr. Michelsen Institute, Metin Gürcan, Episteme Turkey, Hasret Dikici Bilgin, Istanbul Bilgi University, Mustafa Aydin, Kadir Has University, Arne Strand (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2019:2)
Journal Article | 2019

Exchange asymmetries in productive assets: Tools, fertilizer or cash?

Exchange asymmetries in individual decision-making have attracted substantial attention from economists since Thaler (1980) referred to the phenomenon that losses are weighted more heavily than gains as an “endowment effect”...
Stein Terje Holden,Sosina Bezu (2019)
in World Development vol. 115 pp. 269-278
U4 Guide | 2019

Guide to using corruption measurements and analysis tools for development programming

Development practitioners routinely encounter corruption as a key obstacle to achieving their programming objectives. They confront questions such as: How serious is corruption in the country and sector in which...
Elizabeth Hart (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Guide 2019:1)
Book Chapter | 2019

Locating China's Maritime Silk Road in the context of the South China Sea disputes

The South China Sea (SCS) is a bitterly contested maritime battleground for state sovereignty, oil and gas and, perhaps above all, for the marine resources on which large populations of...
Edyta Roszko (2019)
in Carmen Amado Mendes: China's New Silk Road: An Emerging World Order. London: Routledge: Taylor&Francis Group pp. 165-179
Journal Article | 2019

The historical roots of cooperative behavior—Evidence from eastern Congo

Cooperative norms and behavior are considered to be essential requirements for sustainable stabilization and development in conflict-affected states. It is therefore particularly important to understand what factors explain their salience...
Alexander De Juan, Carlo Koos (2019)
in World Development vol. 116 pp. 100-112
Newspaper Op-Ed | 2019

Det politiske spillet truer Amazonas

Brasils president Jair Bolsonaros har ingen ønsker om å la klimahensyn gå foran økonomisk vekst. Hans planer for regnskogen kan føre til både folkemord og klimakatastrofe. Og han er ikke...
Camila Gianella,Samson Kleven (2019)
Journal Article | 2019

What does it mean to be poor? Investigating the qualitative-quantitative divide in Mozambique

Motivated by the siloed nature of much poverty research, as well as the challenge of finding inclusive operational definitions of poverty, this study reflects on the merits of seeking to...
Sam Jones and Inge Tvedten (2019)
in World Development vol. 117 pp. 153-166
CMI Brief | 2018

Love in Law – The Indian Supreme Court decides in favour of LGBT persons

On 6 September 2018, the Indian Supreme Court delivered a 493-pages-long verdict on LGBT rights and love. “Navtej Singh Johar v. Union of India” is arguably one of the most...
Vikram Kolmannskog (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2018:06) 4 p.
Report in External Series | 2018

Russian Use of Private Military and Security Companies - the implications for European and Norwegian Security

How does the Russian use of private military and security companies affect Russian use of force and what are the implications for European and Norwegian security? Over the past couple of...
Åse Gilje Østensen and Tor Bukkvoll (2018)
Oslo (FFI-rapport no. 18/01300) 53 p.
Sudan Brief | 2018

Interventions for the abandonment of child marriage in Sudan

Child marriage is legal, and accepted, throughout Sudan and the country has one of the highest rates of child marriage in the world. This brief examines interventions against child marriage...
Liv Tønnessen and Samia al-Nagar (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Brief 2018:03) 4 p.
U4 Brief | 2018

Promoting global health through clinical trial transparency. Prevent research waste and grand corruption

The current lack of transparency in clinical trials threatens progress on the Sustainable Development Goals' health objectives. Unreported and misreported clinical trial outcomes result in the misallocation of public health...
Till Bruckner (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2018:5)
Master's Thesis | 2018

Safeguarding borders, or safeguarding queers?

While the political field of immigration is getting increasingly stringent throughout Europe, rights for queer individuals are progressively strengthened in Western parts of the world. These two parallel trends have made...
Yngvild Gotaas Torvik (2018)
Paris: CNRS-CERI Sciences Po 99 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2018

Building a better world by establishing a Truth Commission: Incomplete healing in El Salvador

On 17 October 1992, as a consultant to the Commission on the Truth for El Salvador, I visited the village of Corinto to collect stories of ‘grave cases of violence’....
Stener Ekern (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2018:7) 19 p.