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Journal Article | forthcoming 2021

Legal Mobilization to Protect Women against Rape in Islamist Sudan

A popular uprising recently ousted Omar al-Bashir and his Islamist cronies from power after having ruled Sudan with an iron fist since 1989. Sexual abuse and torture orchestrated by the...
Liv Tønnessen and Samia al-Nagar (2021)
in Cahiers d'études africaines
Journal Article | Jan 2021

Sur les routes de Kigali : évolution des pratiques de petite corruption

The fight against corruption increased the informal privatization of the managementof the road transport sector in Rwanda, to the benefit of transport cooperatives, whichreplaced traffic police. This interweaving of formal...
Guillaume Nicaise (2021)
in Politique Africaine no. 160 pp. pp. 87- 112
CMI Working Paper | 2020

Comparing legal activism in Zimbabwe and Zambia

Battles over democracy are manifested in contestations over legal frameworks and within judicial institutions. Lawfare refers to the strategic use of law and legal institutions by actors in civil and...
O'Brien Kaaba, Marja Hinfelaar, Tony Zhou (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2020:5) 30 p.
CMI Report | 2020

Literature Review: Democracy and Human Rights in contemporary Latin America (2015-2020) Trends, challenges, and prospects

Abstract Through a review of scholarly and other well-informed articles as well as media reports, this CMI Report aims to summarize discussions on challenges for democracy and human rights in Latin...
Vegard Bye, Dr.philos, CMI Affiliated Researcher, Senior Partner Scanteam Peder Østebø, M.A., Graduate Research Fellow, NUPI (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2020:01)
CMI Working Paper | 2019

Managing the born-free generation: Zimbabwe’s strategies for dealing with the youth

A rich literature on Africa’s autocratic and repressive regimes has discussed the diverse strategies through which these regimes seek to consolidate and stay in power. Prominent strategies include election rigging,...
Marjoke Oosterom and Simbarashe Gukurume (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2019:02)
Book Chapter | 2019

Citizenship, statelessness, and human rights protection in Sudan's constitutions and post South Sudan secession challenges

Sudan and South Sudan have suffered from repeated cycles of conflict and authoritarianism resulting in serious human rights and humanitarian law violations. Several efforts, such as the 2005 Comprehensive Peace...
Munzoul Assal (2019)
in Constitution-making and Human Rights in the Sudans (Lutz Oette, Mohamed Abdelsalam Babiker (eds.))
Newspaper Op-Ed | 2018

Democracy decaying in Bangladesh

Bangladesh has taken yet another turn on its downwards spiral from democracy to authoritarianism. On 8 February 2018, a Bangladeshi judge convicted opposition leader Khaleda Zia — the nation’s former...
Inge Amundsen (2018)
East Asia Forum, 6 March 2018
Newspaper Op-Ed | 2018

Mister Venezuela sin valuta etter presidentvalget?

Aslak Orre & Antulio Rosales (2018)
Aftenposten 19.05.2018
CMI Report | 2017

Family law reform in Sudan: competing claims for gender justice between sharia and women’s human rights

This paper focuses on family law reform in Sudan-a country that has been in a state of perpetual conflict that stretches back long before its independence in 1956. The signing...
Samia El Nagar, Liv Tønnessen (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2017:5) 28 p.
Book Chapter | 2017

The Impact of elections: The case of Uganda

The comparative democratization literature is divided on the effects of multiparty elections in non - democratic regimes. Early analyses assumed that elections would lead to democracy, yet more recent studies...
Svein-Erik Helle, Lise Rakner (2017)
in Johannes Gerschewski, Christoph H. Stefes: Crisis in Autocratic Regimes. Lynne Rienner Publishers pp. 111-134
Journal Article | 2017

Quotas and women's substantive representation: Evidence from a content analysis of Ugandan plenary debates

Despite the popularity of electoral gender quotas, the substantive impact of quotas on the plenary behavior of members of parliament (MPs) has yet to be thoroughly empirically explored, and in...
Amanda Clayton, Cecilia Josefsson and Vibeke Wang (2017)
in Politics & Gender pp. 1-29
Journal Article | 2017

Enemies of the state: Curbing women activists advocating rape reform in Sudan

Sudanese women activists launched a legal campaign in 2009 calling attention to how the country’s Sharia based Criminal Act of 1991 produced impunity for sexual assault in the Darfur conflict....
Liv Tønnessen (2017)
in Journal of International Women's studies vol. 18 no. 2
CMI Working Paper | 2016

Always choosing the oil rents: How leaders in Angola and Venezuela brought their countries to ruin

Angola and Venezuela are among the most oil dependent countries in the world. When oil prices fell in 2014, these states lost half of their income base. A combined economic,...
Leiv Marsteintredet, Aslak Orre (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2016:10) 28 p.
CMI Report | 2016

Women and Girls Caught between Rape and Adultery in Sudan: Criminal Law Reform, 2005–2015 (in Arabic)

This is an Arabic translation of the CMI report Women and Girls Caught between Rape and Adultery in Sudan: Criminal Law Reform, 2005–2015, published in November 2015.  The English version can be found...
Liv Tønnessen and Samia al-Nagar (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2015:10)
CMI Brief | 2016

The uneven playing field and the 2016 elections in Uganda

It is easy to document that the 2016 elections in Uganda were unfair. To combat the uneven playing field one needs to systematically assess the symptoms and identify the structural...
Svein-Erik Helle (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 7) 4 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2016

“Not a single crack where the light can come in” Civil-military relations in contemporary Honduras

This CMI Working Paper draws from several years of research in Honduras, including a series of interviews in February 2015, to assess the relationship between civilian and military authority in...
Dr. Tyler Shipley (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2016:1) 32 p.
CMI Report | 2015

Women and Girls Caught between Rape and Adultery in Sudan: Criminal Law Reform, 2005–2015

This report investigates criminal law reform in Sudan, focusing on two important and controversial legal reforms related to (a) a definition of rape that is clearly de-linked from the Islamic...
Liv Tønnessen and Samia al-Nagar (2015)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2015:10)
Book Chapter | 2015

Conclusions

A structured comparative analysis of one post-authoritarian case (Uruguay), two post-conflict cases (Rwanda and Angola), and one mixed case (Peru) demonstrates that contextual factors and timing are crucial to understanding...
Elin Skaar, Camila Gianella, and Trine Eide (2015)
in Elin Skaar, Camila Gianella, and Trine Eide: After Violence: Transitional Justice, Peace, and Democracy. London and New York: Routledge (Transitional Justice Series) pp. 174-198
Book Chapter | 2015

Uruguay: reconstructing peace and democracy through transitional justice

This chapter traces 30 years of transitional justice development following civil-military rule (1973–85) in Uruguay. The 1985 amnesty law helped end state-sponsored violence, but it precluded prosecution of human rights...
Elin Skaar (2015)
in Elin Skaar, Camila Gianella Malca, and Trine Eide: After Violence: Transitional Justice, Peace, and Democracy. London and New York: Routledge (Transitional Justice Series) pp. 67-93
Book Chapter | 2015

Towards a framework for impact assessment

Bridging the literatures on peacebuilding and transitional justice, this chapter outlines an analytical framework for assessing the impact of transitional justice mechanisms on peace and democracy. The multilayered qualitative framework...
Elin Skaar, Camila Gianella Malca, and Trine Eide (2015)
in Elin Skaar, Camila Gianella, and Trine Eide: After Violence: Transitional Justice, Peace, and Democracy. London and New York: Routledge (Transitional Justice Series) pp. 29-66