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Journal Article | Jun 2020

Does an economics education produce technocratic paternalists? Experimental evidence from Tanzania

When confronted with information that ordinary citizens do not care that strongly about efficiency, do economists change their views of optimal public policy? In a randomized experiment on tax preferences...
Ivar Kolstad, Arne Wiig and Odd-Helge Fjeldstad (2020)
in Journal of Development Studies vol. 56
Journal Article | Jan 2020

The Customer is King: Evidence on VAT Compliance in Tanzania

Value Added Tax (VAT) has emerged as one of the main modes of raising tax revenue worldwide, but has significantly underperformed as a revenue source in African countries. To improve...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Cecilia Kagoma, Ephraim Mdee, Ingrid Hoem Sjursen, Vincent Somville (2020)
in World Development vol. 128
U4 Brief | 2019

‘Kenyapowerless’ – Corruption as 'Problem Solving' in Kenya's Periphery

Rising demand for electricity in the Kenyan periphery has created opportunities for corruption. Decentralised solar electricity exists, but those running a business from home using modern appliances need more energy....
Festus Boamah, David Aled Williams (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2019:1)
Journal Article | 2019

Active private sector development policies revisited: Impacts of the Ethiopian industrial cluster policy

We analyze impacts of a cluster policy aiming to increase firm growth through maximizing agglomeration benefits and improving production facilities. Firms located in a natural cluster were incentivized to move...
Tigabu Getahun and Espen Villanger (2019)
in Journal of Development Studies vol. 55 no. 7 pp. 1548-1564
Journal Article | 2018

Maputo: Ethnography of a Divided City

Rapid urbanisation is one of the most dramatic developments on the African continent, often yielding contrasting and shocking images of affluent businesses and residential districts alongside sprawling shantytowns or slums....
Inge Tvedten, Fábio Ribeiro, João Graca, Bjørn Bertelsen (2018)
in Journal of Anthropological Films vol. 2 no. 2
Report in External Series | 2018

The Customer is King: Evidence on VAT Compliance in Tanzania

Like governments in many other African countries, the Government of Tanzania has been striving to improve the effectiveness of its value added tax (VAT) regime by reducing tax evasion through...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Cecilia Kagoma, Ephraim Mdee, Ingrid Hoem Sjursen and Vincent Somville (2018)
Brighton: International Centre for Tax and Development (ICTD) (ICTD Working Paper no. 83) 28 p.
Journal Article | 2018

The commitment curve: Global regulation of business and human rights

The divide between hard law and soft law approaches to global regulation of corporations in relation to human rights is partly based on empirical assumptions. Taking a step back, we...
Tori Loven Kirkebø and Malcolm Langford (2018)
in Business and Human Rights Journal vol. 3 no. 2
CMI Working Paper | 2018

Professional Agency in the Ecology of Wrongdoing

This study offers an account of individual agency within a constructivist view of professional wrongdoing. The main contribution is a model in which the neglected role of individual professionals is...
Brooke Harrington, Copenhagen Business School (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2018:8)
Newspaper Op-Ed | 2018

Democracy decaying in Bangladesh

Bangladesh has taken yet another turn on its downwards spiral from democracy to authoritarianism. On 8 February 2018, a Bangladeshi judge convicted opposition leader Khaleda Zia — the nation’s former...
Inge Amundsen (2018)
East Asia Forum, 6 March 2018
Book Chapter | 2018

Ambigious land ownership in al-Salha, Omdurman: Land grabbing or business as usual?

Munzoul Assal (2018)
in Barbara Casciarria and Mohamed babiker: Anthropology of Law in Muslim Sudan. Leiden: Brill
Report in External Series | 2017

Nepal: A political economy analysis

This report is an integrated political economy analysis of Nepal. The main finding is that economic growth and poverty reduction have been steady in Nepal since the mid-1980s independently of...
Magnus Hatlebakk (2017)
NUPI (Report)
U4 Brief | 2017

Proxy indicators for the corrupt misuse of corporations

Winners of the U4 Proxy Challenge 2016 We need more imaginative ways of addressing corruption. It is important to generate indicators that development agencies can use. U4 and DFID developed a...
Mihály Fazekas, Bence Tóth (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2017:6)
U4 Issue | 2017

Trading in corruption: Evidence and mitigation measures for corruption in the trading of oil and minerals

Between 2011 and 2013, sales of government oil from the ten biggest producers in sub-Saharan Africa accounted for 56% of these countries’ total public revenues. Despite their importance, however, such...
Olivier Longchamp, Nathalie Perrot (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2017:6) 52 p.
Journal Article | 2017

Local content requirements in the petroleum sector in Tanzania: A thorny road from inception to implementation?

Tanzania has recently discovered huge offshore natural gas fields. This has led the Government to develop local content policies (LCPs) to increase job and business opportunities for nationals in the...
Abel Kinyondo and Espen Villanger (2017)
Kinyondo and Villanger, 2017. Local content requirements in the petroleum sector in Tanzania: A thorny road from inception to implementation? The Extractive Industries and Society, 4(2), 371-384.
Book | 2017

Mediatized China-Africa Relations: How Media Discourses Negotiate the Shifting of Global Order

This cutting edge book explores the role of the media in the highly disputed area of China-Africa relations, notably how various aspects of the issue have been portrayed, negotiated and...
Shubo Li (2017)
Palgrave Macmillan 236 p.
Report in External Series | 2017

Building Fiscal Capacity:The Role of ICT

Weak fiscal capacity for domestic resource mobilization is the hallmark of poor countries. Recently, many developing countries resorted to the application of information technology to consolidate tax mobilization; however, there...
Merima Ali, Abdulaziz B. Shifa, Abebe Shimeles and Firew Woldeyes (2017)
African Development Bank Group (Working Paper, # 290)
Book Chapter | 2017

Governance challenges in Tanzania’s natural gas sector: Unregulated lobbyism and uncoordinated policy

Resource discoveries often result in expectations of rapid growth, but also major concerns for increasing corruption. The resource curse literature puts a strong emphasis on the need to build capable...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad and Jesper Johnsøn (2017)
in Aled Williams and Philippe le Billon: Corruption, natural resources and development: from resource curse to political ecology. Edward Elgar Publishing
Report in External Series | 2016

Hard won wisdom: What conservationists need to know about wildlife-related corruption

Wildlife crime is big business — by some estimates it is the fourth largest source of illegal trade after drugs, counterfeit goods and human trafficking. Corruption is a key enabler...
Dilys Roe, Rob Parry-Jones, David Aled Williams (2016)
London: The International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) (IIED Briefing)
CMI Report | 2016

The costs of corruption to the Mozambican economy. Why it is important to fight corruption in a climate of fiscal fragility

What is the price that Mozambique has to pay for the widespread corruption in the country? What is the cost of corruption for the Mozambican economy, the state and its...
(2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2016:6) 76 p.
CMI Brief | 2016

Lack of consultation. Stakeholders perspectives on local content requirements in the petroleum sector in Tanzania

Tanzania has recently discovered huge offshore natural gas fields. This has led the Government to develop Local Content Policies (LCPs) to increase local job and business opportunities. This brief presents...
Espen Villanger (CMI), Abel Kinyondo (Repoa), Ingvild Hestad (CMI) (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 15) 4 p.