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CMI Brief | Feb 2020

Everyday humanitarian diplomacy: Experiences from border areas

The term humanitarian diplomacy (HD) emerged in early 2000s. HD recognises the role of humanitarian actors when negotiating access, assistance and protection for civilians in situations of extreme insecurity and...
Cristina Churruca Muguruza (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2020:2) 4 p.
Journal Article | 2019

The New Lost Boys of Sudan

Currently, around seven million people are affected by migration and displacement to, from, and through Sudan. Nearly one million people are seeking refuge inside Sudan’s borders from neighboring and regional...
Sarah Tobin (2019)
in POMEPS Studies : Youth Politics in the Middle East and North Africa. vol. 36
CMI Brief | 2019

Turkey’s Humanitarian Diplomacy: The AKP Model

Turkey has become a major global humanitarian actor. They have been widely engaged in Somalia and Syria, Pakistan and Myanmar and hosts the world’s largest number of refugees with more...
Meliha Benli Altunısık (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2019:08) 5 p.
Journal Article | 2018

Decade of Despair: The Contested Rebuilding of the Nahr al-Bared Refugee Camp, Lebanon, 2007–2017

In mid-2007 the Nahr al-Bared refugee camp near Tripoli was destroyed by the Lebanese Army battling an insurgent Islamist group, Fatah al-Islam. Displacing about 30,000 Palestinian refugees, it was one...
Are John Knudsen (2018)
in Refuge - Canada's Journal on Refugees vol. 34 no. 2 pp. 135-149
Journal Article | 2018

Vernacular Politics, Sectarianism, and National Identity among Syrian Refugees in Jordan

In Jordan - home to some one million Syrian refugees - the vital roles played by vernacular politics, discourses of inclusion and exclusion, and sectarian social histories for Syrians are...
Sarah A. Tobin (2018)
in Religions vol. 9 no. 7
Journal Article | 2018

The Great Escape? Converging Refugee Crises in Tyre, Lebanon

This article analyses the convergence of two refugee crises, Palestine (1948-present) and Syria (2012-present), having brought old and new refugees into close, and increasingly, conflictual contact. While the former settled...
Are John Knudsen (2018)
in Refugee Survey Quarterly vol. 37 no. 1 pp. 96-115
Journal Article | 2017

Campements, abris et squats: Des zones floues où vivent les réfugiés syriens au Liban (Camps, shelters, squats: Syrian refugees in Lebanon’s twilight zones)

In Lebanon, self-settled Syrian refugees live under very difficult, poor and unsanitary conditions in camps, shelters, and squatted buildings. The majority have limited spatial mobility to the degree of women...
Are John Knudsen (2017)
in hommes & migrations vol. 1319 no. September-December pp. 66-76
Book Chapter | 2017

Syria's refugees in Lebanon: Brothers, burden and bone of contention

The Syrian civil war has displaced more than one million Syrians as refugees in Lebanon. Lebanon has not set up formal camps, but instituted a “non–camp” approach, meaning that nearly...
Are John Knudsen (2017)
in Rosita di Peri, Daniel Meier: Lebanon Facing the Arab Uprisings: Between Internal Challenges and External Constraints. London: Palgrave Macmillan pp. 135-154
Journal Article | 2016

Recapturing Refugee Camps: Hybrid Spaces of Humanitarianism

Recent decades have seen a proliferation of refugee camps, and today the refugee camp is one of the most poignant manifestations of humanitarian space. This dossier furthers the emerging critique...
Maja Janmyr, Are John Knudsen (2016)
in Humanity - An International Journal of Human RIghts, Humanitarianism, and Development vol. 7 no. 3 pp. 391-395
Sudan Working Paper | 2016

From a Temporary Emergency Shelter to an Urbanized Neighborhood: The Abu Shoak IDP Camp in North Dārfūr

Introduction In early 2003, two rebel movements (the Sudanese Liberation Army and the Justice and Equality Movement) launched an insurgency against the rule in Khartoum. Supported by Janjaweed tribal militias, the...
Dr. Osman Mohamed Osman Ali and Ust. Ali Mohamed Mahmoud (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2016:3) 14 p.
Journal Article | 2016

Camp, ghetto, zinco, slum: Lebanon’s transitional zones of emplacement

Following six decades of forced residential immobility, Lebanon is the quintessential example of long-term encampment of Palestinian refugees. The camp-based refugees have been subject to a double marginalisation that affects...
Are John Knudsen (2016)
in Humanity Journal vol. 7 no. 3 pp. 443-457
CMI Report | 2015

UMOJA and the Maputo Festival. Midterm review of the UMOJA Cultural Flying Carpet and the Maputo Festival

This review was commissioned by the Royal Norwegian Embassy in Maputo. The Terms of Reference (ToR) for the study says that the team shall visit Mozambique and one of the other...
Siri Lange, Chris Albertyn, Anne Bang, Melita Matsinhe (2015)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report 1) 61 p.
Edited Book | 2015

Palestinian refugees: Identity, space and place in the Levant (Arabic edition)

More than four million Palestinian refugees live in protracted exile across the Middle East. Taking a regional approach to Palestinian refugee exile and alienation across the Levant, this book proposes...
Jaber Suleiman, Are Knudsen and Sari Hanafi (2015)
Doha, Qatar: The Arab Center for Research and Policy Studies
Report in External Series | 2014

Return to war in South Sudan

While the crisis in South Sudan that started in December 2013 was triggered by a power struggle in the ruling party (SPLM), the causes for the rapid breakdown of peace...
Gunnar M. Sørbø (2014)
Oslo: NOREF Norwegian Peacebuilding Resource Centre (Policy Brief no. April 2014) 4 p.
Book Chapter | 2014

From chaos to order and back: the construction of UNRWA shelters and camps, 1950–1970

Kjersti G. Berg (2014)
in Sari Hanafi, Leila Hilal and Lex Takkenberg : UNRWA and Palestinian Refugees. From relief and works to human development. London and New York: Routledge studies on the Arab-Israeli conflict 109-128 p.
Edited Book | 2011

Palestinian refugees: Identity, space and place in the Levant

More than four million Palestinian refugees live in protracted exile across the Middle East. Taking a regional approach to Palestinian refugee exile and alienation across the Levant, this book proposes...
Are Knudsen and Sari Hanafi, eds. (2011)
Routledge (Routledge Studies on the Arab-Israeli Conflict) 234 p.
Book Chapter | 2010

(In-)Security in a space of exception: The destruction of the Nahr el-Bared refugee camp in Lebanon

Are Knudsen (2010)
in Security and development. Ed. by John-Andrew McNeish and Jon Harald Sande Lie N.Y./Oxford: Berghahn, pp. 99-112
Book Chapter | 2010

From refugees to revolutionaries: Camp-based Palestinians in post-civil war Lebanon

Are Knudsen (2010)
in Leif Manger and Øystein S. LaBianca: Global moments in the Levant. A Unifob Global research project. Bergen: Bric pp. 142-151
Journal Article | 2009

The end of democracy? Curtailing political and civil rights in Ethiopia

This article assesses political developments in Ethiopia after its 2005 federal and regional watershed elections. Although an unprecedented liberalisation took place ahead of the contested and controversial 2005 polls, a...
Lovise Aalen and Kjetil Tronvoll (2009)
in Review of African Political Economy no. 120 pp. 193-207